Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

40 downloads
231 views

Sustained-release formulations of ivermectin (IVM) are useful for controlling parasitic diseases in animals. In this work, an IVM bolus made from microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), starch and low-substituted hydroxypropyl cellulose (LS-HPC) was optimized by response...

["Veterinary Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5418
51 downloads
459 views

Background The globally distributed epidermal ectoparasite, Sarcoptes scabiei, is a serious health and welfare burden to at-risk human and animal populations. Rapid and sensitive detection of S. scabiei infestation is critical for intervention strategies. While...

["Parasitology","Veterinary Medicine","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5291
51 downloads
315 views

Anthrax caused by Bacillus anthracis is an old and neglected zoonosis that continues to raise concerns in Southern Africa. In this study, twenty (20) slides with suspected isolates of B. anthracis from anthrax cases between 1990 and 2014 and two (2) from that of...

["Veterinary Medicine","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5270
32 downloads
239 views

Background Tail docking of dairy cows is a painful procedure that affects animal welfare level. The aims of this study were first to evaluate the response to mechanical and thermal stimulation, and second to determine the superficial temperature of the stump of...

["Agricultural Science","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5213
97 downloads
896 views

Background Antibiotic-associated gastrointestinal signs (AAGS) occur commonly in cats. Co-administration of synbiotics is associated with decreased AAGS in people, potentially due to stabilization of the fecal microbiome and metabolome. The purpose of this double-blinded...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Internal Medicine","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5130
67 downloads
859 views

Background Age and breed are considered the greatest risk factors for disease prevalence and mortality in companion dogs. Understanding the prevalence of diseases, in relation to age and breed, would support appropriate guidance for future health care strategies...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5161
77 downloads
410 views

Ovine footrot is a degenerative disease of sheep feet leading to the separation of hoof-horn from the underlying skin and lameness. This study quantitatively examined histological features of the ovine interdigital skin as well as their relationship with pro-inflammatory...

["Agricultural Science","Veterinary Medicine","Immunology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5097
305 downloads
1,002 views

The dog has been the first domesticated animal to have a central role in human society from ancient times to present day. Although there have been numerous investigations of dog phylogeny and origin, genetic data of dogs in the region of the Balkan Peninsula (South-Eastern...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Conservation Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5060
76 downloads
282 views

Background Supplemental feeding of free-roaming animals, including wildlife and feral or stray animals, is well known to have a substantial impact on various aspects of animal ecology including habitat use, activity patterns, and host-pathogen interactions. Among...

["Ecology","Veterinary Medicine","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4988
56 downloads
269 views

Background The provincial wildlife management agency, British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development, performed a translocation to control the urban mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus; uMD) overpopulation and supplement...

["Conservation Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4968
145 downloads
2,593 views

Background Elephants are the largest and heaviest living terrestrial animals, but information on their histology is still lacking. This study provides a unique insight into the elephant’s organs and also provides a comparison between juvenile Asian elephants and...

["Veterinary Medicine","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4947
133 downloads
533 views

Background The “One Health” concept recognizes that human health and animal health are interdependent and bound to the health of the ecosystem in which they (co)exist. This interconnection favors the transmission of bacteria and other infectious agents as well...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4974
62 downloads
422 views

In Western countries dogs and cats are the most popular pets, and people are increasingly opposed to their rearing for the fur industry. In 2007, a Regulation of the European Union (EU) banned the use and trade of dog and cat furs, but an official analytical protocol...

["Biodiversity","Genetics","Molecular Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Legal Issues"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4902
126 downloads
1,346 views

Studies involving gut microbiome analysis play an increasing role in the evaluation of health and disease in humans and animals alike. Fecal sampling methods for DNA preservation in laboratory, clinical, and field settings can greatly influence inferences of microbial...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Genomics","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4827
122 downloads
633 views

Swine are economically important food animals, but highly contagious porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) and rotavirus can afflict pig herds and contribute significantly to piglet morbidity and mortality. While there have been studies on rotavirus group A (RVA)...

["Molecular Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4724

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