Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

33 downloads
691 views

Background Elephants are the largest and heaviest living terrestrial animals, but information on their histology is still lacking. This study provides a unique insight into the elephant’s organs and also provides a comparison between juvenile Asian elephants and...

["Veterinary Medicine","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4947
39 downloads
209 views

Background The “One Health” concept recognizes that human health and animal health are interdependent and bound to the health of the ecosystem in which they (co)exist. This interconnection favors the transmission of bacteria and other infectious agents as well...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4974
35 downloads
218 views

In Western countries dogs and cats are the most popular pets, and people are increasingly opposed to their rearing for the fur industry. In 2007, a Regulation of the European Union (EU) banned the use and trade of dog and cat furs, but an official analytical protocol...

["Biodiversity","Genetics","Molecular Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Legal Issues"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4902
75 downloads
936 views

Studies involving gut microbiome analysis play an increasing role in the evaluation of health and disease in humans and animals alike. Fecal sampling methods for DNA preservation in laboratory, clinical, and field settings can greatly influence inferences of microbial...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Genomics","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4827
76 downloads
418 views

Swine are economically important food animals, but highly contagious porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) and rotavirus can afflict pig herds and contribute significantly to piglet morbidity and mortality. While there have been studies on rotavirus group A (RVA)...

["Molecular Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4724
114 downloads
423 views

Background Freemartinism generally occurs in female offspring of dizygotic twins in a mixed-sex pregnancy. Most bovine heterosexual twin females are freemartins. However, about 10% of bovine heterosexual twin females are fertile. Farmers mostly cull bovine fertile...

["Agricultural Science","Developmental Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4616
149 downloads
606 views

Background Organic waste is one of the most important anthropogenic food subsidies used by different species. However, there is little information about the health impact that rubbish dumps produce on species foraging in these sites. Methods We studied the effect...

["Biochemistry","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4645
78 downloads
547 views

Idiopathic chronic enterocolitis (ICE) is one of the most commonly encountered and difficult to manage diseases of captive rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). The etiology is not well understood, but perturbations in gut microbial communities have been implicated....

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4612
64 downloads
383 views

Animal borne rabies virus is a source of infection in humans, and raccoons (Procyon lotor) are the primary terrestrial reservoir in West Virginia (WV). To assess the behavior and status of raccoon variant rabies virus (RRV) cases in WV, a longitudinal analysis...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4574
134 downloads
552 views

Non-aureus staphylococci (NAS) are most commonly isolated from subclinical mastitis. Different NAS species may, however, have diverse effects on the inflammatory response in the udder. We determined the genome sequences of 20 staphylococcal isolates from clinical...

["Genetics","Genomics","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4560
99 downloads
402 views

Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) has been prevalent in swine herds in China since 2002, causing severe economic loss to the pig industry. The number of live pigs in southeast China is > 20 million. Since information on the genetic variation of PCV2 in the Fujian province...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4476
87 downloads
585 views

Haemonchus contortus is the most pathogenic nematode of small ruminants. Infection in sheep and goats results in anaemia that decreases animal productivity and can ultimately cause death. The involvement of ruminant-specific galectin-11 (LGALS-11) and galectin-14...

["Biochemistry","Parasitology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4510
232 downloads
2,010 views

Koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) are arboreal marsupials native to Australia that eat a specialized diet of almost exclusively eucalyptus leaves. Microbes in koala intestines are known to break down otherwise toxic compounds, such as tannins, in eucalyptus leaves....

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4452
97 downloads
508 views

Background Glyburide (also known as glibenclamide) is effective in reducing the severity of tissue destruction and improving functional outcome after experimental spinal cord injury in rodents and so has promise as a therapy in humans. There are many important...

["Veterinary Medicine","Pharmacology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4387
163 downloads
1,122 views

Background Ground reaction forces (GRF) measured during equine gait analysis are typically evaluated by analyzing discrete values obtained from continuous force-time data for the vertical, longitudinal and transverse GRF components. This paper describes a simple,...

["Veterinary Medicine","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4399

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