Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

Background Escherichia coli is an important opportunistic pathogen that could cause inflammation of the udder in dairy cows resulting in reduced milk production and changes in milk composition and quality, and even death of dairy cows. Therefore, mastitis is the...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5711
17 downloads
145 views

Background Severe equine asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the lung in horses similar to low-Th2 late-onset asthma in humans. This study aimed to determine the utility of RNA-Seq to call gene sequence variants, and to identify sequence variants of potential...

["Genetics","Veterinary Medicine","Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5759
23 downloads
67 views

Background The plight of the white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) and the increasing need of treatment options for injured poaching victims led to the necessity to expand the knowledge on applicable drugs in this endangered species. With very little information...

["Genetics","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5718
24 downloads
139 views

Background Saprolegnia parasitica is a fish pathogen that causes severe economic losses worldwide. Virkon-S is a well-known disinfectant known to exhibit antimicrobial activities against bacteria, viruses, and fungi. In this study, we tested the anti-fungal activity...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5706
46 downloads
220 views

Both age and intensive exercise are generally considered critical risk factors for osteoarthritis. In this work, we intend to establish zebrafish models to assess the role of these two factors on cartilage homeostasis. We designed a swimming device for zebrafish...

["Cell Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5739
69 downloads
693 views

Background Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been widely used in many commercial products due to their excellent antibacterial ability. The AgNPs are released into the environment, gradually accumulate in the ocean, and may affect animals at high trophic levels,...

["Toxicology","Veterinary Medicine","Immunology","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5432
59 downloads
648 views

Background The Akhal-Teke horse (AKH) is native of the modern Turkmenistan area. It was introduced in Italy from 1991 to 2000 mainly as an endurance horse. This paper characterizes the genetic variability of the whole Italian AKH horse population and evaluates...

["Biodiversity","Genetics","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4889
143 downloads
717 views

Background Avian influenza viruses (AIVs) have been endemic in Egypt since 2006, and the co-circulation of high-pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and low-pathogenic avian influenza H9N2 subtypes in poultry has been reported; therefore, Egypt is considered a hotspot...

["Veterinary Medicine","Virology","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5473
75 downloads
306 views

Sustained-release formulations of ivermectin (IVM) are useful for controlling parasitic diseases in animals. In this work, an IVM bolus made from microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), starch and low-substituted hydroxypropyl cellulose (LS-HPC) was optimized by response...

["Veterinary Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5418
92 downloads
586 views

Background The globally distributed epidermal ectoparasite, Sarcoptes scabiei, is a serious health and welfare burden to at-risk human and animal populations. Rapid and sensitive detection of S. scabiei infestation is critical for intervention strategies. While...

["Parasitology","Veterinary Medicine","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5291
74 downloads
396 views

Anthrax caused by Bacillus anthracis is an old and neglected zoonosis that continues to raise concerns in Southern Africa. In this study, twenty (20) slides with suspected isolates of B. anthracis from anthrax cases between 1990 and 2014 and two (2) from that of...

["Veterinary Medicine","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5270
54 downloads
307 views

Background Tail docking of dairy cows is a painful procedure that affects animal welfare level. The aims of this study were first to evaluate the response to mechanical and thermal stimulation, and second to determine the superficial temperature of the stump of...

["Agricultural Science","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5213
124 downloads
1,043 views

Background Antibiotic-associated gastrointestinal signs (AAGS) occur commonly in cats. Co-administration of synbiotics is associated with decreased AAGS in people, potentially due to stabilization of the fecal microbiome and metabolome. The purpose of this double-blinded...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Internal Medicine","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5130
109 downloads
970 views

Background Age and breed are considered the greatest risk factors for disease prevalence and mortality in companion dogs. Understanding the prevalence of diseases, in relation to age and breed, would support appropriate guidance for future health care strategies...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5161
95 downloads
526 views

Ovine footrot is a degenerative disease of sheep feet leading to the separation of hoof-horn from the underlying skin and lameness. This study quantitatively examined histological features of the ovine interdigital skin as well as their relationship with pro-inflammatory...

["Agricultural Science","Veterinary Medicine","Immunology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5097

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