Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

8 downloads
85 views

The results of a computer simulation examining the compliance of a given transcranial magnetic stimulation device to the 2010 International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) guidelines are presented. The objective was to update the safe distance...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5034
21 downloads
178 views

Npas4 is an activity dependent transcription factor which is responsible for gearing the expression of target genes involved in neuro-transmission. Despite the importance of Npas4 in many neuronal diseases, the tertiary structure of Npas4 protein along with its...

["Computational Biology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4978
27 downloads
188 views

Obesity is one of the most challenging problems in human health and is recognized as an important risk factor for many chronic diseases. It remains unclear how the neural systems (e.g., the mesolimbic “reward” and the prefrontal “control” neural systems) are correlated...

["Neuroscience","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5002
27 downloads
428 views

Animals sense an enormous number of cues in their environments, and, over time, can form learned associations and memories with some of these. The nervous system remarkably maintains the specificity of learning and memory to each of the cues. Here we asked whether...

["Animal Behavior","Genetics","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4956
54 downloads
456 views

Despite decades of research, we still lack a complete understanding of what factors influence the transition of the necessary and adaptive acute stress response to what has become known as chronic stress. This gap in knowledge has illuminated the necessity for...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Neuroscience","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4961
44 downloads
238 views

Transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation (tSCS) has been extensively studied due to its promising application in motor function restoration. Many previous studies have explored both the essential mechanism of action and the methods for determining optimal stimulation...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4921
66 downloads
252 views

Background Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder. In addition to its highly debilitating motor symptoms, non-motor symptoms may precede their motor counterparts by many years, which may characterize a prodromal phase of PD....

["Neuroscience","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4957
35 downloads
144 views

The monoamines serotonin and dopamine are important neuromodulators present in the central nervous system, known to be active regulators of social behaviour in fish as in other vertebrates. Our aim was to investigate the region-specific brain monoaminergic differences...

["Animal Behavior","Marine Biology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4830
49 downloads
216 views

Lesion of the dopaminergic neurons of the nigrostriatal system is a key feature of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Alpha-synuclein is a protein that is a major component of Lewy bodies, histopathological hallmarks of PD, and is involved in regulation of dopamine (DA)...

["Developmental Biology","Neuroscience","Neurology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4779
75 downloads
353 views

The blood–brain barrier (BBB), an interface between the systemic circulation and the nervous system, can be a target of cytokines in inflammatory conditions. Pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) induce damage in...

["Cell Biology","Neuroscience","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4774
74 downloads
507 views

Background Reward seeking and avoidance of punishment are key motivational processes. Brain-imaging studies often use the Monetary Incentive Delay Task (MIDT) to evaluate motivational processes involved in maladaptive behavior. Although the bulk of research has...

["Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4749
50 downloads
261 views

Asymmetries in the maternal behaviour and anatomy might play an important role in the development of primate manual lateralization. In particular, early life asymmetries in mother’s and infant’s behaviour have been suggested to be associated with the development...

["Animal Behavior","Developmental Biology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4736
74 downloads
285 views

Many individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) report experiencing frequent intrusive memories of the original traumatic event (e.g., flashbacks). These memories can be triggered by situations or stimuli that reflect aspects of the trauma and may reflect...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4701
73 downloads
398 views

The present study tested whether sport-specific implements facilitate motor imagery, whereas nonspecific implements disrupt motor imagery. We asked a group of basketball players (experts) and a group of healthy controls (novices) to physically perform (motor execution)...

["Neuroscience","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4687
76 downloads
416 views

Background Obesity-related central nervous system (CNS) pathologies like neuroinflammation and reactive gliosis are associated with high-fat diet (HFD) related elevation of saturated fatty acids like palmitic acid (PA) in neurons and astrocytes of the brain. Methods...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4696

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