Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

35 downloads
265 views

Background Large and complex mounds built by termites of the genus Macrotermes characterize many dry African landscapes, including the savannas, bushlands, and dry forests of the Tsavo Ecosystem in southern Kenya. The termites live in obligate symbiosis with filamentous...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6237
33 downloads
229 views

Many benefits of Trichoderma inoculation for improving crop production have been documented, including growth and yield enhancement and the alleviation of biotic and abiotic stresses. However, because rice is usually cultivated under continuous flooding that creates...

["Agricultural Science","Microbiology","Mycology","Soil Science","Food, Water and Energy Nexus"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5877
22 downloads
81 views

The effects of different revegetation types on soil physical–chemical characteristics and fungal community diversity and composition of soils sampled from five different revegetation types (JM, Juglans mandshurica; QM, Quercus mongolica; conifer-broadleaf forest...

["Ecology","Mycology","Soil Science","Forestry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6251
33 downloads
188 views

Blue mold is a postharvest rot of pomaceous fruits caused by Penicillium expansum and a number of other Penicillium species. The genome of the highly aggressive P. expansum strain R19 was re-sequenced and analyzed together with the genome of the less aggressive...

["Agricultural Science","Genomics","Mycology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6170
140 downloads
519 views

Root-fungal symbioses such as mycorrhizas and endophytes are key components of terrestrial ecosystems. Diverse in trophy habits (obligate, facultative or hemi-biotrophs) and symbiotic relations (from mutualism to parasitism), these associations also show great...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Mycology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6030
52 downloads
305 views

Background Sclerotinia ginseng is a major devastating soil-borne pathogen of ginseng that can cause irreparable damage and large economic losses. This pathogen produces sclerotia, which are among the most persistent resting structures produced by filamentous fungi....

["Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6009
108 downloads
535 views

Agriculture is one of the main drivers of land conversion, and agriculture practices can impact on microbial diversity. Here we characterized the phyllosphere fungal diversity associated with Carménère grapevines under conventional and organic agricultural management....

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5715
163 downloads
576 views

The altitudinal effects on the distributions of phyllosphere fungal assemblages in conspecific plants remain poorly elucidated. To address this, phyllosphere fungal communities associated with Mussaenda shikokiana were investigated at four sites across a 350 m...

["Ecology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5767
81 downloads
413 views

Background Cultivating the wine-cap mushroom (Stropharia rugosoannulata) on forestland has become popular in China. However, the effects of wine-cap Stropharia cultivation on soil nutrients and bacterial communities are poorly understood. Methods We employed chemical...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5741
1 citation
88 downloads
1,372 views

DNA copies of many non-retroviral RNA virus genes or portions thereof (NIRVs) are present in the nuclear genomes of many eukaryotes. These have often been preserved for millions of years of evolution, suggesting that they play an important cellular function. One...

["Evolutionary Studies","Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Mycology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5679
185 downloads
416 views

Rhizoctonia solani causes the disease peanut sheath blight, involving symptoms of maceration and necrosis of infected tissue, mainly caused by cell-wall-degrading enzymes (CWDEs). This study investigated the production of CWDEs including polygalacturonase (PG),...

["Agricultural Science","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5580
1 citation
139 downloads
561 views

Boxwood (Buxus spp.) are broad-leaved, evergreen landscape plants valued for their longevity and ornamental qualities. Volutella leaf and stem blight, caused by the ascomycete fungi Pseudonectria foliicola and P. buxi, is one of the major diseases affecting the...

["Genomics","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5401
3 citations
419 downloads
2,276 views

High-depth sequencing of universal marker genes such as the 16S rRNA gene is a common strategy to profile microbial communities. Traditionally, sequence reads are clustered into operational taxonomic units (OTUs) at a defined identity threshold to avoid sequencing...

["Ecology","Genomics","Microbiology","Mycology","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5364
160 downloads
417 views

Background Candida may form biofilms, which are thought to underlie the most recalcitrant infections. Methods In this study, activities of antifungal agents alone and in combination with tigecycline against planktonic cells and mature and developing biofilms of...

["Microbiology","Mycology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5263
1 citation
770 downloads
551 views

Au, Ag, Se, and Si nanoparticles were synthesized from aqueous solutions of HAuCl4, AgNO3, Na2SeO3, and Na2SiO3 with extra- and intracellular extracts from the xylotrophic basidiomycetes Pleurotus ostreatus, Lentinus edodes, Ganoderma lucidum, and Grifola frondosa....

["Biotechnology","Mycology","Green Chemistry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5237

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