Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

105 downloads
445 views

The wheat stem sawfly (WSS), Cephus cinctus Norton, is an important wheat pest in the Northern Great Plains of the USA. No single control measure effectively suppresses WSS damage. This study provides information on the effects on the WSS adult settling preference...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5892
116 downloads
431 views

Subterranean rodents are able to dig long straight tunnels. Keeping the course of such “runways” is important in the context of optimal foraging strategies and natal or mating dispersal. These tunnels are built in the course of a long time, and in social species,...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5819
51 downloads
471 views

Moso bamboo has large potential to alleviate global warming through carbon sequestration. Since soil respiration (Rs) is a major source of CO2 emissions, we analyzed the dynamics of soil respiration (Rs) and its relation to environmental factors in a Moso bamboo...

["Ecology","Environmental Impacts","Forestry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5747
62 downloads
348 views

Metabolic critical temperatures define the range of ambient temperatures where endotherms are able to minimize energy allocation to thermogenesis. Examining the relationship between metabolic critical temperatures and basal metabolic rates (BMR) provides a unique...

["Ecology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5725
95 downloads
491 views

Introduced psittacine birds can become highly invasive. In this study, we assessed invasions of Psittaciformes in Puerto Rico. We reviewed the literature, public databases, citizen science records, and performed in situ population surveys across the island to determine...

["Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5669
1 citation
74 downloads
390 views

Background Urban forests help in mitigating carbon emissions; however, their associations with landscape patterns are unclear. Understanding the associations would help us to evaluate urban forest ecological services and favor urban forest management via landscape...

["Ecology","Forestry","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5825
127 downloads
536 views

Background Accurate time-energy budgets summarise an animal’s energy expenditure in a given environment, and are potentially a sensitive indicator of how an animal responds to changing resources. Deriving accurate time-energy budgets requires an estimate of time...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Marine Biology","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5814
1 citation
76 downloads
442 views

Predators can play an important role in regulating prey abundance and diversity, determining food web structure and function, and contributing to important ecosystem services, including the regulation of agricultural pests and disease vectors. Thus, the ability...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Zoology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5813
212 downloads
439 views

Background Corn silage is an important feed for intense ruminant production, but the growth of corn relies heavily on the use of chemical fertilizers. Sustainable crop production requires careful management of all nutrient sources available on a farm, particularly...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Plant Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5280
83 downloads
339 views

Extreme and unusual ecosystems such as isolated ancient caves are considered as potential tools for the discovery of novel natural products with biological activities. Actinobacteria that inhabit these unusual ecosystems are examined as a promising source for the...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ecology","Microbiology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5832
73 downloads
481 views

Although genome sequencing has become a very promising approach to conduct microbial taxonomy, few labs have the resources to afford this especially when dealing with data sets of hundreds to thousands of isolates. The goal of this study was to identify the most...

["Ecology","Microbiology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5839
56 downloads
251 views

Background Egg size and clutch size are key life history traits. During the breeding period, it is possible for females to increase their reproductive output either by increasing the number of eggs if the optimal egg size (OES) is maintained, or by increasing the...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5705
90 downloads
703 views

The most abundant and ubiquitous microbes in the surface ocean use light as an energy source, capturing it via complex chlorophyll-based photosystems or simple retinal-based rhodopsins. Studies in various ocean regimes compared the abundance of these mechanisms,...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Ecology","Microbiology","Biological Oceanography"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5798
122 downloads
593 views

Background Functional groups serve two important functions in ecology: they allow for simplification of ecosystem models and can aid in understanding diversity. Despite their important applications, there has not been a universally accepted method of how to define...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Statistics","Data Mining and Machine Learning","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5795
1 citation
149 downloads
1,443 views

Biological control, a globally-important ecosystem service, can provide long-term and broad-scale suppression of invasive pests, weeds and pathogens in natural, urban and agricultural environments. Following (few) historic cases that led to sizeable environmental...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5796

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