Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

92 downloads
363 views

Background Corn silage is an important feed for intense ruminant production, but the growth of corn relies heavily on the use of chemical fertilizers. Sustainable crop production requires careful management of all nutrient sources available on a farm, particularly...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Plant Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5280
64 downloads
299 views

Extreme and unusual ecosystems such as isolated ancient caves are considered as potential tools for the discovery of novel natural products with biological activities. Actinobacteria that inhabit these unusual ecosystems are examined as a promising source for the...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ecology","Microbiology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5832
70 downloads
454 views

Although genome sequencing has become a very promising approach to conduct microbial taxonomy, few labs have the resources to afford this especially when dealing with data sets of hundreds to thousands of isolates. The goal of this study was to identify the most...

["Ecology","Microbiology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5839
51 downloads
210 views

Background Egg size and clutch size are key life history traits. During the breeding period, it is possible for females to increase their reproductive output either by increasing the number of eggs if the optimal egg size (OES) is maintained, or by increasing the...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5705
84 downloads
652 views

The most abundant and ubiquitous microbes in the surface ocean use light as an energy source, capturing it via complex chlorophyll-based photosystems or simple retinal-based rhodopsins. Studies in various ocean regimes compared the abundance of these mechanisms,...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Ecology","Microbiology","Biological Oceanography"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5798
110 downloads
513 views

Background Functional groups serve two important functions in ecology: they allow for simplification of ecosystem models and can aid in understanding diversity. Despite their important applications, there has not been a universally accepted method of how to define...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Statistics","Data Mining and Machine Learning","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5795
127 downloads
1,318 views

Biological control, a globally-important ecosystem service, can provide long-term and broad-scale suppression of invasive pests, weeds and pathogens in natural, urban and agricultural environments. Following (few) historic cases that led to sizeable environmental...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5796
64 downloads
316 views

Phenotypic plasticity is the ability of a genotype to produce different phenotypes depending on the environment. It has an influence on the adaptive potential to environmental change and the capability to adapt locally. Adaptation to environmental change happens...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5746
131 downloads
493 views

Recent changes in climate are transforming the situation of life on Earth, including impacting the conservation status of many plant and animal species. This study aims to evaluate potential impacts of climate change on a medicinal plant that is known to be heat-tolerant,...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5792
122 downloads
470 views

The altitudinal effects on the distributions of phyllosphere fungal assemblages in conspecific plants remain poorly elucidated. To address this, phyllosphere fungal communities associated with Mussaenda shikokiana were investigated at four sites across a 350 m...

["Ecology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5767
503 downloads
4,505 views

Bite marks on bones can provide critical information about interactions between carnivores and animals they consumed (or attempted to) in the fossil record. Data from such interactions is somewhat sparse and is hampered by a lack of records in the scientific literature....

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5748
70 downloads
341 views

Dispersal is a critical determinant of animal distribution and population dynamics, and is essential information for management planning. We studied the movement patterns and the influence of habitat and biotic factors on Mediterranean brown trout (Salmo trutta)...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Ecology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5730
73 downloads
383 views

Branches and boles of trees in wet forests are often carpeted with lichens and bryophytes capable of providing periodically saturated habitat suitable for microfauna, animals that include tardigrades, rotifers, nematodes, mites, and springtails. Although resident...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5699
48 downloads
197 views

This is the first study to examine how different environmental factors may influence the distribution of swimming crab Achelous spinimanus across geographically distant and distinct habitats. We analyzed the influence of bottom water temperature and salinity, sediment...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Zoology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5720
81 downloads
711 views

About nine years ago (circa 2009), Indo-Pacific lionfishes (Pterois volitans and P. miles) invaded the south Florida coral reef ecosystem. During the intervening period of time, there has been substantial research on their biology, life history, demography, and...

["Fisheries and Fish Science","Ecology","Marine Biology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5700

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