Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

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Phenotypic plasticity is the ability of a genotype to produce different phenotypes depending on the environment. It has an influence on the adaptive potential to environmental change and the capability to adapt locally. Adaptation to environmental change happens...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5746
25 downloads
104 views

Recent changes in climate are transforming the situation of life on Earth, including impacting the conservation status of many plant and animal species. This study aims to evaluate potential impacts of climate change on a medicinal plant that is known to be heat-tolerant,...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5792
39 downloads
186 views

The altitudinal effects on the distributions of phyllosphere fungal assemblages in conspecific plants remain poorly elucidated. To address this, phyllosphere fungal communities associated with Mussaenda shikokiana were investigated at four sites across a 350 m...

["Ecology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5767
282 downloads
2,484 views

Bite marks on bones can provide critical information about interactions between carnivores and animals they consumed (or attempted to) in the fossil record. Data from such interactions is somewhat sparse and is hampered by a lack of records in the scientific literature....

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5748
31 downloads
191 views

Dispersal is a critical determinant of animal distribution and population dynamics, and is essential information for management planning. We studied the movement patterns and the influence of habitat and biotic factors on Mediterranean brown trout (Salmo trutta)...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Ecology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5730
24 downloads
183 views

Branches and boles of trees in wet forests are often carpeted with lichens and bryophytes capable of providing periodically saturated habitat suitable for microfauna, animals that include tardigrades, rotifers, nematodes, mites, and springtails. Although resident...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5699
26 downloads
119 views

This is the first study to examine how different environmental factors may influence the distribution of swimming crab Achelous spinimanus across geographically distant and distinct habitats. We analyzed the influence of bottom water temperature and salinity, sediment...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Zoology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5720
33 downloads
488 views

About nine years ago (circa 2009), Indo-Pacific lionfishes (Pterois volitans and P. miles) invaded the south Florida coral reef ecosystem. During the intervening period of time, there has been substantial research on their biology, life history, demography, and...

["Fisheries and Fish Science","Ecology","Marine Biology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5700
76 downloads
842 views

Limited gene flow between populations due to geographic distance, presence of barriers or inherent low dispersal ability leads to the formation of genetically structured populations. Strong population structure indicates lowered levels or absence of gene flow which...

["Biogeography","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5752
26 downloads
153 views

Background Cultivating the wine-cap mushroom (Stropharia rugosoannulata) on forestland has become popular in China. However, the effects of wine-cap Stropharia cultivation on soil nutrients and bacterial communities are poorly understood. Methods We employed chemical...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5741
33 downloads
127 views

Shade tolerance, the minimum light requirement for plant survival, is a key trait for understanding community assembly and forest dynamics. However, it is poorly defined for tree species to date. Current methods of measuring shade tolerance vary considerably in...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Forestry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5736
42 downloads
217 views

Acquiring data on the occurrences of many types of difficult to identify objects are often still made by human observation, for example, in biodiversity and paleontologic research. Existing computer counting programs used to record such data have various limitations,...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Ecology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5453
43 downloads
509 views

The prevalence of artificial light at night (ALAN) is increasing rapidly around the world. The potential physiological costs of this night lighting are often evident in life history shifts. We investigated the effects of chronic night-time exposure to ecologically...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Entomology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5599
36 downloads
410 views

Background Biogeographers assess how species distributions and abundances affect the structure, function, and composition of ecosystems. Yet we face a major challenge: it is difficult to precisely map species across landscapes. Novel Earth observations could overcome...

["Biogeography","Ecology","Data Mining and Machine Learning","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5666
32 downloads
229 views

Eelgrass (Zostera marina) has been designated an Ecologically Significant Species in Atlantic Canada. The development and rapid expansion of netpen finfish aquaculture into sensitive coastal habitats has raised concerns about the impacts of finfish aquaculture...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5630

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