Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

45 downloads
266 views

Based on rangewide sampling and three mitochondrial and two nuclear markers (together up to 1,850 bp and 1,840 bp, respectively), we examine the phylogeography of two helmeted terrapin species (Pelomedusa galeata and P. subrufa sensu stricto) and infer shifts of...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4901
35 downloads
425 views

Vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) are one of the most widely distributed non-human primate species found in South Africa. They occur across all the South African provinces, inhabiting a large variety of habitats. These habitats vary sufficiently that it...

["Anthropology","Biodiversity","Biogeography","Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4953
65 downloads
277 views

Background The páramo is a high-elevation biogeographical province in the northern Andes, known for its great biodiversity and ecosystem services. Because there have been very few biogeographic studies encompassing the entire province to date, this study aimed...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4786
45 downloads
364 views

The name Elatine campylosperma Seub. is generally treated as one of the synonyms of E. macropoda Guss. However, recent morphological, phylogenetic and karyological studies indicate that this judgement should be revised. In the present paper we typify the name E....

["Biogeography","Ecology","Taxonomy","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4913
55 downloads
328 views

Background The main goal of this contribution was to define the ecological niche of the guanaco (Lama guanicoe), to describe potential distributional changes, and to assess the relative importance of niche conservatism and divergence processes between the two lineages...

["Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4907
85 downloads
955 views

Background Free-tailed bats of the genus Otomops are poorly known, and most species are documented from a handful of widely scattered localities. Recently, two allopatric species of Otomops were recognized in continental Africa: Otomops martiensseni (Matschie,...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4864
98 downloads
479 views

Oxygyne Schltr. (Thismiaceae) is a rare and little-known genus of achlorophyllous mycoheterotrophic perennial herbs with one of the most remarkable distributions of all angiosperm plant genera globally, being disjunct between Japan and West–Central Africa. Each...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Plant Science","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4828
1,433 downloads
19,143 views

Background Species of the genera Bipalium and Diversibipalium, or bipaliines, are giants among land planarians (family Geoplanidae), reaching length of 1 m; they are also easily distinguished from other land flatworms by the characteristic hammer shape of their...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Biogeography","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4672
84 downloads
349 views

Palythoa caribaeorum is a zoanthid often dominant in shallow rocky environments along the west coast of the Atlantic Ocean, from the tropics to the subtropics. This species has high environmental tolerance and is a good space competitor in reef environments. Considering...

["Biogeography","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4777
74 downloads
287 views

The varying topography and environment that resulted from paleoorogeny and climate fluctuations of the Himalaya–Hengduan Mountains (HHM) areas had a considerable impact on the evolution of biota during the Quaternary. To understand the phylogeographic pattern and...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4748
85 downloads
500 views

Ecological traps attract biota to low-quality habitats. Landscape traps are zones caught in a vortex of spiralling degradation. Here, we demonstrate how short-range endemic (SRE) traits may make such taxa vulnerable to ecological and landscape traps. Three SRE...

["Animal Behaviour","Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4715
119 downloads
579 views

Anthropogenic climate change is a significant global driver of species distribution change. Although many species have undergone range expansion at their poleward limits, data on several taxonomic groups are still lacking. A common method for studying range shifts...

["Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4647
79 downloads
325 views

Recent phylogeographic studies along the coastline of southern Africa have uncovered cryptic diversity in several coastal invertebrates, including direct developing crustaceans in the superorder Peracarida. These findings indicating the possible existence of additional...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Marine Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4658
1 citation
87 downloads
433 views

Reliable abundance estimates for species are fundamental in ecology, fisheries, and conservation. Consequently, predictive models able to provide reliable estimates for un- or poorly-surveyed locations would prove a valuable tool for management. Based on commonly...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4566
237 downloads
1,269 views

Background DNA metabarcoding is used to generate species composition data for entire communities. However, sequencing errors in high-throughput sequencing instruments are fairly common, usually requiring reads to be clustered into operational taxonomic units (OTUs),...

["Biogeography","Bioinformatics","Molecular Biology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4644

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