Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

Background The anthropogenic modification of trophic pathways is seemingly prompting the increase of jellyfish populations at the expense of planktivorous fishes. However, gross generalizations are often made because the most basic aspects of trophic ecology and...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5057
9 downloads
93 views

The complexity and scales of the processes that shape communities of marine benthic macroinvertebrates has limited our understanding of their assembly mechanisms and the potential to make projections of their spatial and temporal dynamics. Individual-based models...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology","Biological Oceanography","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5038
300 downloads
9,443 views

Primates occur in 90 countries, but four—Brazil, Madagascar, Indonesia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)—harbor 65% of the world’s primate species (439) and 60% of these primates are Threatened, Endangered, or Critically Endangered (IUCN Red List...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4869
26 downloads
310 views

Background Current evidence suggests that for more robust estimates of species tree and divergence times, several unlinked genes are required. However, most phylogenetic trees for non-model organisms are based on single sequences or just a few regions, using traditional...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Plant Science","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4916
39 downloads
206 views

The ectosymbiotic copepods, Vostoklaophonte eupenta gen. & sp. nov. associated with the sea cucumber Eupentacta fraudatrix, was found in the subtidal zone of Peter the Great Bay, East/Japan Sea. The new genus, Vostoklaophonte, is similar to Microchelonia in the...

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4979
23 downloads
152 views

Sugarbirds are a family of two socially-monogamous passerine species endemic to southern Africa. Cape and Gurney’s Sugarbird (Promerops cafer and P. gurneyi) differ in abundance, dispersion across their range and in the degree of sexual dimorphism in tail length,...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Genetics","Zoology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5000
26 downloads
174 views

Freshwater mussels (order: Unionida) represent one of the most critically imperilled groups of animals; consequently, there exists a need to establish a variety of molecular markers for population genetics and systematic studies in this group. Recently, two novel...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Genetics","Zoology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5007
39 downloads
324 views

Soil microbial communities’ assembly is strongly tied to changes in temperature and moisture. Although microbial functional redundancy seems to overcome taxonomical composition changes, the sensitivity and resilience of soil microbial communities from subtropical...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Ecology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4991
47 downloads
261 views

Background High throughput DNA sequencing of bulk invertebrate samples or metabarcoding is becoming increasingly used to provide profiles of biological communities for environmental monitoring. As metabarcoding becomes more widely applied, new reference DNA barcodes...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Genetics","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4980
29 downloads
131 views

Background Ganoderma lucidum, a valuable medicinal fungus, is widely distributed in China. It grows alongside with a complex microbial ecosystem in the substrate. As sequencing technology advances, it is possible to reveal the composition and functions of substrate-associated...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Biotechnology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4975
21 downloads
101 views

Background The marine sponge Crambe crambe was chosen as an experimental model of sustainable shallow-water mariculture in the Sardinian Sea (Western Mediterranean) to provide biomass with high potential in applied research. Methods Explants were cultured in four...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4964
25 downloads
184 views

Background Due to habitat loss and fragmentation, numerous forest species are subject to severe population decline. Investigating variation in genetic diversity, phenotypic plasticity and local adaptation should be a prerequisite for implementing conservation actions....

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Genetics","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4929
31 downloads
152 views

Nowadays DNA meta-barcoding is a powerful instrument capable of quickly discovering the biodiversity of an environmental sample by integrating the DNA barcoding approach with High Throughput Sequencing technologies. It mainly consists of the parallel reading of...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4845
31 downloads
322 views

The translocation of individuals or the reinforcement of populations are measures in the genetic rescue of endangered species. Although it can be controversial to decide which and how many individuals must be reintroduced, populations can benefit from reinforcements....

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Genetics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4985
42 downloads
234 views

Although many ecologists focus on the relationship between species richness (S) and evenness (E), conflicts between observation and theory are difficult to reconcile. Empirical S–E relationships were not consistent, while relationships show strong correlation between...

["Biodiversity","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4951

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