Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

61 downloads
297 views

Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are associated with better clinical outcomes in many tumors. TILs represent a cell-mediated immune response against the carcinoma. CD8+ TILs are a crucial component of cell-mediated immunity. The significance of CD8+ TILs has...

["Immunology","Oncology","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3921
134 downloads
420 views

Background This study was performed to compare changes in urinary incontinence (UI) symptoms and pelvic floor structure during pregnancy between nulliparous and multiparous women. Methods A cross-sectional survey was performed among pregnant women from July 2016...

["Gynecology and Obstetrics","Nursing","Urology","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3615
96 downloads
282 views

Objective To compare the risk of postoperative ureteral stricture formation following retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (RPLU) and ureteroscopy with holmium: YAG laser lithotripsy (URSL) in patients with proximal ureteral stones. Materials and Methods...

["Nephrology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3483
1 citation
98 downloads
479 views

Purpose To assess the overall quality of published urological meta-analyses and identify predictive factors for high quality. Materials and Methods We systematically searched PubMed to identify meta-analyses published from January 1st, 2011 to December 31st, 2015...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3129
2 citations
2,497 downloads
14,528 views

Importance Case reports describe persistent erectile dysfunction (PED) associated with exposure to 5α-reductase inhibitors (5α-RIs). Clinical trial reports and the manufacturers’ full prescribing information (FPI) for finasteride and dutasteride state that risk...

["Dermatology","Epidemiology","Internal Medicine","Pharmacology","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3020
450 downloads
653 views

Background Although the relationship between a history of kidney stones and chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been explored in many studies, it is still far from being well understood. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies comparing rates of CKD in patients...

["Epidemiology","Nephrology","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2907
2 citations
176 downloads
577 views

Purpose To clarify the outcome of flexible ureteroscopy (fURS) for management of renal calculi without preoperative stenting. Methods A total of 171 patients who received 176 fURS procedures for unilateral renal stones were reviewed. All procedures were divided...

["Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2728
1 citation
175 downloads
465 views

Background Laparoscopic renal surgery has been widely used in the treatment of renal diseases. However, there is still little research about its application in addressing renal tuberculosis. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively investigate the surgical...

["Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2708
149 downloads
1,251 views

Objective Bladder cancer is a cause of considerable morbidity worldwide. Electromotive Drug Administration is a method that combines intravesical chemotherapy with local electric field application. Electroporation has been suggested among other mechanisms as having...

["Biophysics","Drugs and Devices","Oncology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2309
2 citations
263 downloads
1,372 views

Objectives. The frequency, predisposing factors and impact of urinary incontinence (UI) on quality of life (QoL) during pregnancy were investigated. Materials and Method. A preliminary cross-sectional survey was studied among pregnant women between January and...

["Gynecology and Obstetrics","Health Policy","Nursing","Urology","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2283
1 citation
263 downloads
867 views

Background. Testicular ischemia reperfusion injury (tIRI) is considered the mechanism underlying the pathology of testicular torsion and detorsion. Left untreated, tIRI can induce testis dysfunction, damage to spermatogenesis and possible infertility. In this study,...

["Biochemistry","Molecular Biology","Anatomy and Physiology","Translational Medicine","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2195
1 citation
167 downloads
694 views

Background. Epidemiological studies have reported various results relating preoperative hydronephrosis to upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). However, the clinical significance and prognostic value of preoperative hydronephrosis in UTUC remains controversial....

["Evidence Based Medicine","Oncology","Public Health","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2144
175 downloads
706 views

Urine is a very good source for biomarker discovery because it accumulates changes in the body. However, a major challenge in urinary biomarker discovery is the fact that the urinary proteome is influenced by various elements. To circumvent these problems, simpler...

["Biochemistry","Developmental Biology","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2058
1 citation
205 downloads
1,042 views

Background. Several factors have been validated as predictors of disease recurrence in upper tract urothelial carcinoma. However, the oncological outcomes between different surgical approaches (open nephroureterectomy versus laparoscopic nephroureterectomy, ONU...

["Nephrology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2063
8 citations
353 downloads
1,150 views

Testosterone is overwhelmingly important in regulating erectile physiology. However, the associated molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects and mechanisms of testosterone in erectile dysfunction (ED) in castrated...

["Andrology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2000

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