Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

20 downloads
146 views

Objective The objective of this study was to explore the differences in upper airway morphology between positional (POSA) and non-positional (NPOSA) obstructive sleep apnea. Methods This retrospective study enrolled 75 patients (45 NPOSA and 30 POSA) who underwent...

["Otorhinolaryngology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3918
38 downloads
189 views

Background Local residual and recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) generally shows treatment failure after standard radiotherapy with or without concurrent chemotherapy. Whether endoscopic nasopharyngectomy might provide an additional therapeutic advantage...

["Otorhinolaryngology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3912
29 downloads
391 views

Background Recently it has been shown in animal studies that deep brain stimulation (DBS) of auditory structures was able to reduce tinnitus-like behavior. However, the question arises whether hearing might be impaired when interfering in auditory-related network...

["Neurology","Otorhinolaryngology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3892
79 downloads
196 views

Background Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a potential biomarker for severity and complications of cardiovascular diseases. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with an increased risk of death in kidney transplantation (KT) patients. This prospective cross-sectional...

["Nephrology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3847
118 downloads
1,611 views

Objective Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is a life-saving procedure used in the treatment of severe cardiogenic shock. Within this retrospective single centre study, we examined our experience in this critically ill patient cohort to assess outcomes and clinical...

["Cardiology","Clinical Trials","Emergency and Critical Care","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3813
44 downloads
216 views

The vascular anatomy of submental flaps (SFs) represents a determining factor in successful SF raising. However, little attention has been focused on the venous return of SFs. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate SF venous return. This study enrolled patients...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Otorhinolaryngology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3606
95 downloads
332 views

Background Diabetes is one of the major risk factors for peripheral arterial disease. In patients in whom surgery cannot be performed, cell therapy may be an alternative treatment. Since time is crucial for these patients, we propose the use of allogenic mesenchymal...

["Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3664
79 downloads
232 views

Objective To compare the risk of postoperative ureteral stricture formation following retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (RPLU) and ureteroscopy with holmium: YAG laser lithotripsy (URSL) in patients with proximal ureteral stones. Materials and Methods...

["Nephrology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3483
231 downloads
1,234 views

Bariatric surgery is highly successful in improving health compared to conventional dietary treatments. It has been suggested that the gut microbiota is a relevant factor in weight loss after bariatric surgery. Considering that bariatric procedures cause different...

["Genomics","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3443
100 downloads
402 views

Background Deliberate hypotension is one way to achieve a bloodless surgical field in endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). We compared two anaesthesia regimens to induce deliberate hypotension and attempted to determine the most efficient one. Methods Fifty-nine patients...

["Anaesthesiology and Pain Management","Clinical Trials","Otorhinolaryngology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3370
1 citation
249 downloads
581 views

Background The promising postsurgical weight loss and remission of type 2 diabetes (T2D) from bariatric surgery can be attributed to modified eating physiology after surgical procedures. We sought to investigate the changes in the parameters of consumption behaviors...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3090
176 downloads
720 views

Background The Non-Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve (NRLN) is a rare embryologically-derived variant of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve (RLN). The presence of an NRLN significantly increases the risk of iatrogenic injury and operative complications. Our aim was to provide...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3012
283 downloads
1,041 views

Background Liver hepatocellular carcinoma accounts for the overwhelming majority of primary liver cancers and its belated diagnosis and poor prognosis call for novel biomarkers to be discovered, which, in the era of big data, innovative bioinformatics and computational...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Oncology","Pathology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3089
93 downloads
414 views

Background The current TNM classification system does not consider tumor length for patients with esophageal carcinoma (EC). This study explored the effect of tumor length, in addition to tumor depth and lymph node involvement, on survival in patients with esophageal...

["Oncology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2943
1 citation
257 downloads
374 views

Background Cryoelectrolysis is a new minimally invasive tissue ablation surgical technique that combines the ablation techniques of electrolytic ablation with cryosurgery. The goal of this study is to examine the hypothesis that electrolysis can take place in a...

["Biochemistry","Bioengineering","Biophysics","Oncology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2810

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