Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

76 downloads
362 views

Background Little is known about the role of dietary intake in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which could prove important in improving clinical outcomes for people with obesity and/or cardiovascular disease within these populations. Reduction in energy intake typically...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3259
66 downloads
297 views

Background Previous studies have demonstrated the importance of DNA extraction methods for molecular detection of Staphylococcus, an important bacterial group in cystic fibrosis (CF). We sought to evaluate the effect of enzymatic digestion (EnzD) prior to DNA extraction...

["Microbiology","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3362
118 downloads
429 views

Background Molecularly targeted therapies improved survival status of some patients with lung adenocarcinoma, which accounts for 40% of all lung cancers, and in-depth study of gene alterations is important for the personalized treatment. Methods The legacy archive...

["Genetics","Oncology","Respiratory Medicine","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3216
148 downloads
956 views

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common clinical condition. The way that OSAS risk factors associate and converge is not a random process. As such, defining OSAS phenotypes fosters personalized patient management and population screening. In this paper,...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Health Policy","Respiratory Medicine","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3289
93 downloads
553 views

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a severe extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that is well-defined as a chronic systemic autoimmune disease. A proportion of patients with RA-associated ILD (RA-ILD) develop pulmonary fibrosis (PF), resulting...

["Immunology","Respiratory Medicine","Rheumatology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3021
104 downloads
436 views

Tuberculosis is considered a leading cause of death worldwide. More than 95% of cases and deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. In resource-limited countries, hospitals often lack adequate facilities to manage and isolate patients with infectious tuberculosis...

["Microbiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2795
92 downloads
455 views

Introduction One-year mortality in COPD patients is reported to be between 4% and 43%, depending on the group examined. Aim To examine the one-year mortality in COPD patients after severe exacerbation and the correlation between mortality and patients’ characteristics...

["Epidemiology","Internal Medicine","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2788
1 citation
127 downloads
486 views

Background Acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) is a severe clinical syndrome with mortality rate as high as 30–40%. There is no treatment yet to improve pulmonary endothelial barrier function in patients with severe pulmonary edema....

["Cell Biology","Pharmacology","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2712
111 downloads
535 views

Background The aim of this study was to determine the expression stabilities of 12 common internal reference genes for the relative quantitation analysis of target gene expression performed by reverse transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction...

["Oncology","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2763
198 downloads
652 views

Background This study examines the biophysical and preclinical pulmonary activity of synthetic lung surfactants containing novel phospholipase-resistant phosphonolipids or synthetic glycerophospholipids combined with Super Mini-B (S-MB) DATK and/or SP-Css ion-lock...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Respiratory Medicine","Synthetic Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2635
1 citation
252 downloads
863 views

Introduction Osteoporosis is becoming an impending epidemic in the Asia-Pacific region. The association between risk of osteoporotic fracture (OTPF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in East Asian patients is yet to be fully examined. We conducted...

["Epidemiology","Geriatrics","Global Health","Orthopedics","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2634
287 downloads
688 views

Background The benefit of maintenance therapy has been confirmed in patients with non-progressing non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after first-line therapy by many trials and meta-analyses. However, since few head-to-head trials between different regimens have...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Oncology","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2550
5 citations
310 downloads
1,294 views

Background. Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease that results in chronic infections of the lungs. CF patients experience intermittent pulmonary exacerbations (CFPE) that are associated with poor clinical outcomes. CFPE involves an increase in disease symptoms...

["Bioinformatics","Infectious Diseases","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2174
3 citations
313 downloads
1,700 views

To characterize temporal patterns of transcriptional activity during normal lung development, we generated genome wide gene expression data for 26 pre- and post-natal time points in three common inbred strains of laboratory mice (C57BL/6J, A/J, and C3H/HeJ). Using...

["Bioinformatics","Developmental Biology","Genomics","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2318
185 downloads
693 views

Background. CD8+ T lymphocytes are known to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, systematic analyses of CD8+ T cell (Cytotoxic T cells, Tc) subsets in COPD patients have yet to be well conducted. Methods....

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Immunology","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2301

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