Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

98 downloads
494 views

Background Gross dissection is a widespread method for studying animal anatomy, despite being highly destructive and time-consuming. X-ray computed tomography (CT) has been shown to be a non-destructive alternative for studying anatomical structures. However, in...

["Computational Biology","Zoology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3039
176 downloads
584 views

Background Manual anthropometric measurements are time-consuming and challenging to perform within acceptable intra- and inter-individual error margins in large studies. Three-dimensional (3D) laser body scanners provide a fast and precise alternative: within a...

["Anthropology","Anatomy and Physiology","Epidemiology","Public Health","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2980
54 downloads
263 views

Problem The purpose of this work is to provide some validation methods for evaluating the hemodynamic assessment of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation (CAVM). This article emphasizes the importance of validating noninvasive measurements for CAVM patients, which...

["Neurology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2724
68 downloads
232 views

Objective The objective was to quantitatively evaluate the validity of ultrasonographic (US) muscle measurements as compared to the gold standard of computed tomography (CT) in the canine. Design This was a prospective study. Population Twenty-five, client-owned...

["Veterinary Medicine","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2926
142 downloads
803 views

Foot problems are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in elephants, but are underreported due to difficulties in diagnosis, particularly of conditions affecting the bones and internal structures. Here we evaluate post-mortem computer tomographic (CT) scans...

["Veterinary Medicine","Pathology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2877
78 downloads
288 views

Background Fulminant myocarditis (FM) is an inflammatory disease of the myocardium that results in ventricular systolic dysfunction and causes acute-onset heart failure. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has become the primary noninvasive tool for the diagnosis...

["Cardiology","Pediatrics","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2750
133 downloads
505 views

Brain perfusion is of key importance to assess brain function. Modern CT scanners can acquire perfusion maps of the cerebral parenchyma in vivo at submillimeter resolution. These perfusion maps give insights into the hemodynamics of the cerebral parenchyma and...

["Radiology and Medical Imaging","Neurology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2683
210 downloads
963 views

Myelin is a critical component of the nervous system and a major contributor to contrast in Magnetic Resonance (MR) images. However, the precise contribution of myelination to multiple MR modalities is still under debate. The cuprizone mouse is a well-established...

["Neuroscience","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2632
74 downloads
357 views

Objectives The key to MR lymphography is suppression of T2* MR signal in normal lymph nodes, while retaining high signal in metastatic nodes. Our objective is to quantitatively compare the ability of ferumoxtran-10 and ferumoxytol to suppress the MR signal in normal...

["Oncology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2471
200 downloads
421 views

Background Termination of fixed orthodontic treatment is associated with bracket debonding and residual adhesive removal. These procedures increase enamel roughness to a degree that should depend on the tool used. Enamel roughening may be associated with bacterial...

["Dentistry","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2558
154 downloads
394 views

Background Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the best biomarker of inflammatory disease activity in relapsing remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS) so far but the association with disability is weak. Appearance of new MRI-lesions is used to evaluate response to...

["Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2442
93 downloads
924 views

Objective Bladder cancer is a cause of considerable morbidity worldwide. Electromotive Drug Administration is a method that combines intravesical chemotherapy with local electric field application. Electroporation has been suggested among other mechanisms as having...

["Biophysics","Drugs and Devices","Oncology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2309
1 citation
225 downloads
686 views

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to compare CT-navigated stereotactic IRE (SIRE) needle placement to non-navigated conventional IRE (CIRE) for percutaneous ablation of liver malignancies. Materials and Methods. A prospective trial including a total of 20...

["Oncology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2277
169 downloads
681 views

Objective. Bone lesion is crucial for diagnosing and management of polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein, and skin change (POEMS) syndrome, a rare plasma cell disorder. This study is to compare the effectiveness of X-ray skeletal survey...

["Hematology","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2294
88 downloads
445 views

Background. Generally, males display greater strength and muscle capacity than females while performing a task. Muscle biopsy is regarded as the reference method of evaluating muscle functions; however, it is invasive and has sampling errors, and is not practical...

["Neurology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2259

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