Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

Background Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a commonly used instrument for analysing segmental body composition (BC). The information from the scan guides the clinician in the treatment of conditions such as obesity and can be used to monitor recovery...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Kinesiology","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3880
87 downloads
486 views

Segmentation of histopathology sections is a necessary preprocessing step for digital pathology. Due to the large variability of biological tissue, machine learning techniques have shown superior performance over conventional image processing methods. Here we present...

["Bioengineering","Oncology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Histology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3874
54 downloads
296 views

A new method for automatic optic disc localization and segmentation is presented. The localization procedure combines vascular and brightness information to provide the best estimate of the optic disc center which is the starting point for the segmentation algorithm....

["Ophthalmology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Human\u2013Computer Interaction","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3763
60 downloads
199 views

Objective This study aims to compare the sensitivity of dual phase (non-contrast and arterial) versus single phase (arterial) CT for detection of hyper-functioning parathyroid glands in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. Methods The CT scans of thirty-two...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3586
117 downloads
431 views

Introduction Different types of headaches and TMJ click influence the masseter muscle activity. The aim of this study was to assess the trend of energy level of the electromyography (EMG) activity of the masseter muscle during open-close clench cycles in migraine...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Evidence Based Medicine","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3556
172 downloads
562 views

Background Mechanical loading is crucial for muscle and tendon tissue remodeling. Eccentric heel drop exercise has been proven to be effective in the management of Achilles tendinopathy, yet its induced change in the mechanical property (i.e., stiffness) of the...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3592
107 downloads
395 views

Transpedicular transdiscal screw fixation is an alternative technique used in lumbar spine fixation; however, it requires an accurate screw trajectory. The aim of this study is to design a novel 3D-printed custom drill guide and investigate its accuracy to guide...

["Bioengineering","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3564
157 downloads
1,023 views

The involvement of the right and left hemispheres in mediating language functions has been measured in a variety of ways over the centuries since the relative dominance of the left hemisphere was first known. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) presents...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3557
88 downloads
535 views

Background Impulsivity is one crucial personality trait associated with various maladaptive behavior and many mental disorders. In the study reported here, we investigated the relationship between impulsivity and morphological connectivity (MC) between human brain...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3533
130 downloads
856 views

This paper uses X-ray computed tomography to track the mechanical response of a vertebrate (Barnacle goose) long bone subjected to an axial compressive load, which is increased gradually until failure. A loading rig was mounted in an X-ray computed tomography system...

["Bioengineering","Kinesiology","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3416
97 downloads
374 views

Background Estimating volumes and masses of total body components is important for the study and treatment monitoring of nutrition and nutrition-related disorders, cancer, joint replacement, energy-expenditure and exercise physiology. While several equations have...

["Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3302
255 downloads
1,032 views

Background Gross dissection is a widespread method for studying animal anatomy, despite being highly destructive and time-consuming. X-ray computed tomography (CT) has been shown to be a non-destructive alternative for studying anatomical structures. However, in...

["Computational Biology","Zoology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3039
252 downloads
1,122 views

Background Manual anthropometric measurements are time-consuming and challenging to perform within acceptable intra- and inter-individual error margins in large studies. Three-dimensional (3D) laser body scanners provide a fast and precise alternative: within a...

["Anthropology","Anatomy and Physiology","Epidemiology","Public Health","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2980
1 citation
134 downloads
410 views

Problem The purpose of this work is to provide some validation methods for evaluating the hemodynamic assessment of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation (CAVM). This article emphasizes the importance of validating noninvasive measurements for CAVM patients, which...

["Neurology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2724
149 downloads
386 views

Objective The objective was to quantitatively evaluate the validity of ultrasonographic (US) muscle measurements as compared to the gold standard of computed tomography (CT) in the canine. Design This was a prospective study. Population Twenty-five, client-owned...

["Veterinary Medicine","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2926

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