Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

25 downloads
471 views

In this paper, we have presented a microwave scattering analysis from multiple human head models. This study incorporates different levels of detail in the human head models and its effect on microwave scattering phenomenon. Two levels of detail are taken into...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4061
32 downloads
171 views

Background Cervical sagittal alignment plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM), but there are limited studies on the cervical sagittal parameters in CSM patients and their correlations with myelopathy. The aim of this...

["Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4027
81 downloads
894 views

Language lateralisation refers to the phenomenon in which one hemisphere (typically the left) shows greater involvement in language functions than the other. Measurement of laterality is of interest both to researchers investigating the neural organisation of the...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3929
54 downloads
1,054 views

Background Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a commonly used instrument for analysing segmental body composition (BC). The information from the scan guides the clinician in the treatment of conditions such as obesity and can be used to monitor recovery...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Kinesiology","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3880
176 downloads
822 views

Segmentation of histopathology sections is a necessary preprocessing step for digital pathology. Due to the large variability of biological tissue, machine learning techniques have shown superior performance over conventional image processing methods. Here we present...

["Bioengineering","Oncology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Histology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3874
66 downloads
370 views

A new method for automatic optic disc localization and segmentation is presented. The localization procedure combines vascular and brightness information to provide the best estimate of the optic disc center which is the starting point for the segmentation algorithm....

["Ophthalmology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Human\u2013Computer Interaction","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3763
70 downloads
227 views

Objective This study aims to compare the sensitivity of dual phase (non-contrast and arterial) versus single phase (arterial) CT for detection of hyper-functioning parathyroid glands in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. Methods The CT scans of thirty-two...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3586
151 downloads
505 views

Introduction Different types of headaches and TMJ click influence the masseter muscle activity. The aim of this study was to assess the trend of energy level of the electromyography (EMG) activity of the masseter muscle during open-close clench cycles in migraine...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Evidence Based Medicine","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3556
224 downloads
660 views

Background Mechanical loading is crucial for muscle and tendon tissue remodeling. Eccentric heel drop exercise has been proven to be effective in the management of Achilles tendinopathy, yet its induced change in the mechanical property (i.e., stiffness) of the...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3592
134 downloads
445 views

Transpedicular transdiscal screw fixation is an alternative technique used in lumbar spine fixation; however, it requires an accurate screw trajectory. The aim of this study is to design a novel 3D-printed custom drill guide and investigate its accuracy to guide...

["Bioengineering","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3564
2 citations
180 downloads
1,157 views

The involvement of the right and left hemispheres in mediating language functions has been measured in a variety of ways over the centuries since the relative dominance of the left hemisphere was first known. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) presents...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3557
94 downloads
589 views

Background Impulsivity is one crucial personality trait associated with various maladaptive behavior and many mental disorders. In the study reported here, we investigated the relationship between impulsivity and morphological connectivity (MC) between human brain...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3533
143 downloads
936 views

This paper uses X-ray computed tomography to track the mechanical response of a vertebrate (Barnacle goose) long bone subjected to an axial compressive load, which is increased gradually until failure. A loading rig was mounted in an X-ray computed tomography system...

["Bioengineering","Kinesiology","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3416
107 downloads
419 views

Background Estimating volumes and masses of total body components is important for the study and treatment monitoring of nutrition and nutrition-related disorders, cancer, joint replacement, energy-expenditure and exercise physiology. While several equations have...

["Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3302
280 downloads
1,127 views

Background Gross dissection is a widespread method for studying animal anatomy, despite being highly destructive and time-consuming. X-ray computed tomography (CT) has been shown to be a non-destructive alternative for studying anatomical structures. However, in...

["Computational Biology","Zoology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3039

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