Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

9 downloads
106 views

Introduction There is much literature devoted to the problem of drug resistance and decreased susceptibility of fungi to commonly used antifungals. Aim To analyze drug susceptibility of Candida albicans and non-Candida albicans strains isolated from the hands of...

["Microbiology","Mycology","Drugs and Devices","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3038
22 downloads
117 views

Background The outcomes of the physician-patient discussion intervene in the satisfaction of cardiovascular disease risk patients. Adherence to treatment, provision of continuous care, clinical management of the illness and patients’ adjustment are influenced by...

["Cardiology","Public Health","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2983
45 downloads
256 views

Background Dental anxiety is a widespread problem in many populations. This problem can be a barrier to dental care and may lead to poor oral health. Dental anxiety may be related to psychological status. Aims The aim of the present study was to assess the levels...

["Dentistry","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2978
122 downloads
439 views

Background Manual anthropometric measurements are time-consuming and challenging to perform within acceptable intra- and inter-individual error margins in large studies. Three-dimensional (3D) laser body scanners provide a fast and precise alternative: within a...

["Anthropology","Anatomy and Physiology","Epidemiology","Public Health","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2980
81 downloads
264 views

Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the leading causative pathogen in pediatric pneumonia and bacteremia throughout the world. The invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is known as isolation of S. pneumoniae from a normally sterile site (e.g., blood, cerebrospinal fluid,...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2941
131 downloads
567 views

Background Few studies have investigated the gut microbiome of infants, fewer still preterm infants. In this study we sought to quantify and interrogate the resistome within a cohort of premature infants using shotgun metagenomic sequencing. We describe the gut...

["Computational Biology","Genomics","Microbiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2928
110 downloads
211 views

Background Chronically escalated parent–child conflict has been observed to elicit maladaptive behavior and reduced psychological well-being in children and youth. In this epidemiological study, we sought to estimate the occurrence of escalated parent–child conflict...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2905
54 downloads
299 views

Background Demonstrating the impact that parents have on the fitness of their children is a crucial step towards understanding how parental investment has affected human evolution. Parents not only transfer genes to their children, they also influence their environments....

["Anthropology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2904
400 downloads
4,508 views

Background Increasing population-levels of physical activity (PA) is a controversial strategy for managing the obesity epidemic, given the conflicting evidence for weight loss from PA alone per se. We measured PA and weight change in a three-year prospective cohort...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2902
73 downloads
285 views

Background Psychological disorders are common in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients, and the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of psychological distress and to determine the influence factors associated with psychological distress among DM patients...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Epidemiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2869
79 downloads
205 views

Background One important aspect of subjective judgments about one’s well-being (i.e., subjective well-being: life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect) is that cultural features, such as, nationality seem to shape cognitive judgments about the “the...

["Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2868
63 downloads
292 views

Background Liver disease has become an important cause of morbidity and mortality even in those HIV-infected individuals who are devoid of hepatitis virus co-infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of hepatic fibrosis and the role of associated...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","HIV","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2867
50 downloads
295 views

The emergence and spread of drug-resistance during treatment of many infectious diseases continue to degrade our ability to control and mitigate infection outcomes using therapeutic measures. While the coverage and efficacy of treatment remain key factors in the...

["Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2817
74 downloads
291 views

Background Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis (MAH) is an emerging opportunistic human pathogen. It can cause pulmonary infections, lymphadenitis and disseminated infections in immuno-compromised patients. In addition, MAH is widespread in the environment,...

["Microbiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2833
124 downloads
443 views

We describe the Temperament and Character Inventory personality traits, demographic features, physical and mental health variables associated with hoarding behaviour in a random community sample of midlife participants in New Zealand. A sample of 404 midlife participants...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2826

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