Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

69 downloads
403 views

Objective The aim of our study was to identify barriers and enablers to implementation of the Xpert MTB/RIF test within Mongolia’s National Tuberculosis Program. Methods Twenty-foursemi-structured interviews were conducted between June and September 2015 with laboratory...

["Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3567
42 downloads
272 views

Background Renal supportive care (RSC) is an important option for elderly individuals reaching end-stage renal disease; however, the frequency of RSC practice is very low among Asian countries. We evaluated the attitude, the knowledge, and the preference for specific...

["Geriatrics","Nephrology","Public Health","Palliative Care"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3540
100 downloads
873 views

Background In Burkina Faso, it is not uncommon for mothers to drink alcohol, even during pregnancy. We aimed to study the association between maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and the child’s cognitive performance using the Kaufman Assessment Battery...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3507
56 downloads
289 views

Background Low childhood socioeconomic position (cSEP) is associated with poorer adult health, even after adult socioeconomic position (aSEP) is adjusted for. However, whether cSEP and aSEP combine additively or non-additively in predicting adult health is less...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3528
38 downloads
277 views

Background Assessing psychological pain has been recommended as an integral part of a comprehensive suicide risk assessment. The Psychache Scale, an established measure of psychological pain, does not specify a time frame for when pain is experienced, which may...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3491
82 downloads
486 views

Obtaining human population level estimates of the prevalence of foodborne pathogens is critical for understanding outbreaks and ameliorating such threats to public health. Estimates are difficult to obtain due to logistic and financial constraints, but citizen...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3480
43 downloads
313 views

Background Working memory is critical for various cognitive processes and can be separated into two stages: short-term memory storage and manipulation processing. Although previous studies have demonstrated that increased physical activity (PA) improves working...

["Kinesiology","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3430
609 downloads
2,622 views

Background Facial expressions convey key cues of human emotions, and may also be important for interspecies interactions. The universality hypothesis suggests that six basic emotions (anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise) should be expressed by...

["Animal Behavior","Anthropology","Zoology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3413
88 downloads
380 views

In this paper, the effects of character strengths on the physiological reactivity to social anxiety induced by the Trier Social Stress Task were reported. On the basis of their scores in the Chinese Virtues Questionnaire, 30 college students were assigned to either...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3396
60 downloads
332 views

Background There is a lack of instruments and studies written in Spanish evaluating physical fitness, impeding the determination of the current status of this important health indicator in the Latin population, especially in Colombia. The aim of the study was two-fold:...

["Epidemiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3351
48 downloads
220 views

Background Individuals with stroke often have multiple cardiovascular risk factors that necessitate promoting engagement in multiple health behaviors. However, observational studies of individuals with stroke have typically focused on promoting a single health...

["Neurology","Nursing","Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3210
89 downloads
371 views

Background Plant-based diets have been linked to high diet quality and reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. The health impact of plant-based diets might be partially explained by the concomitant intake of flavonoids. Estimation of flavonoids intake in adults...

["Epidemiology","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3304
107 downloads
448 views

Background In the context of healthy ageing, it is necessary to identify opportunities to implement health interventions in order to develop an active lifestyle with sufficient physical activity and limited sedentary time in middle-aged and older adults. The transition...

["Geriatrics","Global Health","Health Policy","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3242
97 downloads
631 views

Introduction An increasing focus on personal electronic health records (PHRs) offers healthcare benefits for patients, particularly those in undeserved and marginalised populations, who are at risk of receiving less effective healthcare, and may have worse health...

["Health Policy","Public Health","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3268
68 downloads
364 views

Streptococcus pyogenes group A Streptococcus (GAS) is the most common cause of bacterial throat infections, and can cause mild to severe skin and soft tissue infections, including impetigo, erysipelas, necrotizing fasciitis, as well as systemic and fatal infections...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Microbiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3226

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