Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

33 downloads
380 views

Aesop’s Fable tasks—in which subjects drop objects into a water-filled tube to raise the water level and obtain out-of-reach floating rewards —have been used to test for causal understanding of water displacement in both young children and non-human animals. However,...

["Animal Behavior","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3484
55 downloads
591 views

The involvement of the right and left hemispheres in mediating language functions has been measured in a variety of ways over the centuries since the relative dominance of the left hemisphere was first known. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) presents...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3557
28 downloads
186 views

Background In humans, non-stereotactic frameless neuronavigation systems are used as a topographical tool for non-invasive brain stimulation methods such as Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS). TMS studies in dogs may provide treatment modalities for several...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Veterinary Medicine","Psychiatry and Psychology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3425
51 downloads
304 views

Objective An acquired brain injury (ABI) is a challenge for an individual’s quality of life (QOL). In several chronic illnesses acceptance has been found to be associated with a better health-related quality of life. This study investigated whether this relationship...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3545
50 downloads
355 views

Background Impulsivity is one crucial personality trait associated with various maladaptive behavior and many mental disorders. In the study reported here, we investigated the relationship between impulsivity and morphological connectivity (MC) between human brain...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3533
32 downloads
236 views

Background Mental illness may strongly affect relatives’ lives. Therefore, it is important to empower relatives by providing health information according to their preferences. Methods An online cross-sectional survey was conducted using a purpose-designed questionnaire...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3378
47 downloads
495 views

According to the logic of the Trivers–Willard hypothesis, in a human population, if socioeconomic status is transmitted across generations to some extent, and if sons of high-status parents tend to have higher reproductive success than daughters, while daughters...

["Anthropology","Evolutionary Studies","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3546
102 downloads
881 views

Background In Burkina Faso, it is not uncommon for mothers to drink alcohol, even during pregnancy. We aimed to study the association between maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and the child’s cognitive performance using the Kaufman Assessment Battery...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3507
47 downloads
444 views

The aim of the present paper is to experimentally test whether sound symbolism has selective effects on labels with different ranges-of-reference within a simple noun-hierarchy. In two experiments, adult participants learned the make up of two categories of unfamiliar...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3466
82 downloads
791 views

This study tested whether adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at higher risk for pathological game use than typically developing (TD) adults. Participants included 119 adults with and without ASD. Participants completed measures assessing daily hours...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3393
39 downloads
278 views

Background Assessing psychological pain has been recommended as an integral part of a comprehensive suicide risk assessment. The Psychache Scale, an established measure of psychological pain, does not specify a time frame for when pain is experienced, which may...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3491
45 downloads
374 views

The purpose of this study was to verify a theoretical model of parents’ responses to difficulties they experienced with their child. The model presents relationships between seven variables: (a) discrepancy between parental goal and the child’s current level of...

["Mathematical Biology","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3384
207 downloads
363 views

We investigated whether design experts or laypersons evaluate webpages differently. Twenty participants, 10 experts and 10 laypersons, judged the aesthetic value of a webpage in an EEG-experiment. Screenshots of 150 webpages, judged as aesthetic or as unaesthetic...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Science and Medical Education","Human\u2013Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3440
44 downloads
314 views

Background Working memory is critical for various cognitive processes and can be separated into two stages: short-term memory storage and manipulation processing. Although previous studies have demonstrated that increased physical activity (PA) improves working...

["Kinesiology","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3430
609 downloads
2,627 views

Background Facial expressions convey key cues of human emotions, and may also be important for interspecies interactions. The universality hypothesis suggests that six basic emotions (anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise) should be expressed by...

["Animal Behavior","Anthropology","Zoology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3413

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