Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

16 downloads
471 views

Background The experience of ‘sensed presence’—a feeling or sense that another entity, individual or being is present despite no clear sensory or perceptual evidence—is known to occur in the general population, appears more frequently in religious or spiritual...

["Anthropology","Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3149
35 downloads
237 views

The literature indicates the best vibration positions and frequencies on the human body where tactile information is transmitted. However, there is a lack of knowledge about how to combine tactile stimuli for navigation. The aim of this study is to compare different...

["Kinesiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3082
53 downloads
241 views

Background While evidence highlights the detrimental health consequences of adverse working conditions, effect sizes vary by the stressor examined. In this study, we aimed to explore the differential effects various constellations of job demands have on prevalent...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3106
42 downloads
187 views

Background The promising postsurgical weight loss and remission of type 2 diabetes (T2D) from bariatric surgery can be attributed to modified eating physiology after surgical procedures. We sought to investigate the changes in the parameters of consumption behaviors...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3090
42 downloads
271 views

Background Previous work demonstrated that individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety are prone to increased binge eating (Alexander & Siegel, 2013). Given that our society rejects obese individuals and individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety...

["Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3034
101 downloads
551 views

Background The ergogenic effects of analgesic substances suggest that pain perception is an important regulator of work-rate during fatiguing exercise. Recent research has shown that endogenous inhibitory responses, which act to attenuate nociceptive input and...

["Neuroscience","Anaesthesiology and Pain Management","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3028
98 downloads
454 views

Background Dental anxiety is a widespread problem in many populations. This problem can be a barrier to dental care and may lead to poor oral health. Dental anxiety may be related to psychological status. Aims The aim of the present study was to assess the levels...

["Dentistry","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2978
62 downloads
485 views

Background Several recent studies have shown that total scores on depressive symptom measures in a general population approximate an exponential pattern except for the lower end of the distribution. Furthermore, we confirmed that the exponential pattern is present...

["Epidemiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2987
101 downloads
678 views

Recent research progress on the topic of human visual attention allocation in scene perception and its simulation is based mainly on studies with static images. However, natural vision requires us to extract visual information that constantly changes due to egocentric...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2946
112 downloads
903 views

Philosophers have long argued that causality cannot be directly observed but requires a conscious inference (Hume, 1967). Albert Michotte however developed numerous visual phenomena in which people seemed to perceive causality akin to primary visual properties...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2932
62 downloads
334 views

We investigated the relationship between psychometrically-defined schizotypy and the ability to detect a visual target pattern. Target detection is typically impaired by a surrounding pattern (context) with an orientation that is parallel to the target, relative...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2921
69 downloads
442 views

Background The Embedded Figures Test (EFT, developed by Witkin and colleagues (1971)) has been used extensively in research on individual differences, particularly in the study of autism spectrum disorder. The EFT was originally conceptualized as a measure of field...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2862
64 downloads
278 views

The effect of aging on the process of word encoding for fixated words and words presented to the right of the fixation point during the reading of sentences in Chinese was investigated with two disappearing text experiments. The results of Experiment 1 showed that...

["Cognitive Disorders","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2897
101 downloads
326 views

Background Psychological disorders are common in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients, and the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of psychological distress and to determine the influence factors associated with psychological distress among DM patients...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Epidemiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2869
326 downloads
840 views

This study investigated whether a yoga exercise intervention influenced the sustained attention and discrimination function in children with ADHD. Forty-nine participants (mean age = 10.50 years) were assigned to either a yoga exercise or a control group. Participants...

["Clinical Trials","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2883

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