Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

33 downloads
199 views

Background There is currently no study that has evaluated the differences in epidemiological and clinical characteristics among rosacea patients according to different facial sites. Methods Clinical and demographic data were obtained from 586 rosacea patients....

["Dermatology","Epidemiology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3527
43 downloads
231 views

Propofol is an intravenous anesthetic commonly used due to its favorable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile. There are discrepancies in the literature about the most appropriate sample for determining propofol concentrations. Although plasma has been used...

["Veterinary Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3476
36 downloads
271 views

Background Other studies have assessed nonadherence to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), but none has developed a screening test for its detection. Objectives To construct and internally validate a predictive model for nonadherence to PPIs. Methods This prospective...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Pharmacology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3455
36 downloads
228 views

Background Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is used for the systemic treatment of bone diseases, although it has many side effects. The aim of this study was to investigate a newly formulated OPG-chitosan gel for local application to repair bone defects. Recent studies have...

["Bioengineering","Orthopedics","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3513
60 downloads
316 views

Background c-Kit is a receptor tyrosine kinase present in multiple cell types, including vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC). However, little is known about how c-Kit influences SMC biology and vascular pathogenesis. Methods High-throughput microarray assays and...

["Molecular Biology","Cardiology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3418
1 citation
35 downloads
186 views

Cucurbitacins, a class of toxic tetracyclic triterpenoids in Cucurbitaceae, modulate many molecular targets. Here we investigated the interactions of cucurbitacin B, E and I with cytoskeletal proteins such as microtubule and actin filaments. The effects of cucurbitacin...

["Cell Biology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3357
63 downloads
290 views

Background Herb-drug interactions (HDIs) resulting from concomitant use of herbal products with clinical drugs may cause adverse reactions. Organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1) and 3 (OAT3) are highly expressed in the kidney and play a key role in the renal elimination...

["Plant Science","Toxicology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3333
79 downloads
425 views

Aim Atorvastatin is a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used for hyperlipidemia. Atorvastatin is generally safe but may induce cholestasis. The present study aimed to examine the effects of atorvastatin on hepatic gene expression related to bile acid metabolism and homeostasis,...

["Toxicology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3348
126 downloads
445 views

Stellaria dichotoma L. is widely distributed in Ningxia and surrounding areas in northwestern China. Its root, Radix Stellariae (RS), has been used in herbal formulae for treating asthenic-fever, infection, malaria, dyspepsia in children and several other symptoms....

["Molecular Biology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Global Health","Pharmacology","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3305
78 downloads
372 views

Fluoxetine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor that increases serotonin concentration in the central nervous system and modulates various systems, including the control of sympathetic outflow and the hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal. However, it is not yet...

["Aquaculture","Fisheries and Fish Science","Neuroscience","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3330
84 downloads
286 views

Background Huntington’s disease (HD) is a rare familial autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of medium spiny neurons (MSNs) located in the striatum. Currently available treatments of HD are only limited to alleviating...

["Neuroscience","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3240
64 downloads
475 views

Background Oxytetracycline (OTC), which is largely employed in zootechnical and veterinary practices to ensure wellness of farmed animals, is partially absorbed within the gastrointestinal tract depositing in several tissues. Therefore, the potential OTC toxicity...

["Cell Biology","Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Drugs and Devices","Immunology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3236
184 downloads
550 views

Background & Aims Metformin is currently the most widely used first-line hypoglycemic agent for diabetes mellitus. Besides glucose-lowering action, there is increasingly interest in the potential anti-inflammatory action of this drug. In the present study, we investigated...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3155
151 downloads
460 views

Objective This study aimed to quantify the cartilage- and subchondral bone-related effects of low-dose and high-dose meloxicam treatment in the late phase of mono-iodoacetate-induced osteoarthritis of the stifle. Methods Thirty-four male Wistar rats received intra-articular...

["Pathology","Pharmacology","Rheumatology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3185
81 downloads
378 views

Background Resveratrol is a cardioprotective agent with known antiarrhythmic effects that has recently been shown to inhibit phosphodiesterase (PDE) enzyme activity. Thus, it is possible that resveratrol increases the inotropic effect of sympathomimetic agents,...

["Cardiology","Drugs and Devices","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3113

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