Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

27 downloads
331 views

Ginsenoside Rk1 (G-Rk1) is a unique component created by processing the ginseng plant (mainly Sung Ginseng (SG)) at high temperatures. The aim of our study was to systematically review the pharmacological effects of G-Rk1. We utilized and manually searched eight...

["Plant Science","Evidence Based Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3993
37 downloads
392 views

Cancers have killed millions of people in human history and are still posing a serious health problem worldwide. Therefore, there is an urgent need for developing preventive and therapeutic cancer vaccines. Among various cancer vaccine development platforms, virus-like...

["Immunology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4053
46 downloads
283 views

Background Self-medication refers to the use of medicines to treat self-diagnosed diseases without consulting any healthcare professionals. Irrational drug use and self-medication have serious negative consequences both on health and economy. Therefore, the aim...

["Epidemiology","Pharmacology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3990
121 downloads
703 views

Introduction The repurposing of non-antibiotic drugs as adjuvant antibiotics may help break antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Statins are commonly prescribed worldwide to lower cholesterol. They also possess qualities of AMR “breakers”, namely direct antibacterial...

["Microbiology","Drugs and Devices","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3952
108 downloads
417 views

Clinical evidence points to neuroprotective effects of smoking in Parkinson’s disease (PD), but the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated the pharmacological pathways involved in these neuroprotective effects, which could provide novel ideas for...

["Biochemistry","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Neurology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3933
91 downloads
447 views

Background The rapid increase in antibiotic resistance by various bacterial pathogens underlies the significance of developing new therapies and exploring different drug targets. A fraction of bacterial pathogens abbreviated as ESKAPE by the European Center for...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Microbiology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3765
104 downloads
408 views

Background High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a well-known damage-related alarmin that participates in cellular inflammatory responses. However, the mechanisms leading to HMGB1 release in inflammatory conditions and the therapeutic agents that could prevent it...

["Biotechnology","Toxicology","Drugs and Devices","Evidence Based Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3808
163 downloads
454 views

Background Awareness about antibiotic resistance depends on the attitudes and information about antibiotic resistance of both patients and physicians. Persons who practice self-medication are at high risk of also self-medicating with antibiotics. The purpose of...

["Health Policy","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3803
114 downloads
437 views

Angiogenesis is an important factor contributing to the radioresistance of lung cancer. However, the associated mechanisms underlying radiotherapy-induced pro-angiogenesis are unclear. Here, we demonstrated that Extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived from cultured...

["Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3627
59 downloads
380 views

Background There is currently no study that has evaluated the differences in epidemiological and clinical characteristics among rosacea patients according to different facial sites. Methods Clinical and demographic data were obtained from 586 rosacea patients....

["Dermatology","Epidemiology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3527
1 citation
102 downloads
430 views

Propofol is an intravenous anesthetic commonly used due to its favorable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile. There are discrepancies in the literature about the most appropriate sample for determining propofol concentrations. Although plasma has been used...

["Veterinary Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3476
67 downloads
432 views

Background Other studies have assessed nonadherence to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), but none has developed a screening test for its detection. Objectives To construct and internally validate a predictive model for nonadherence to PPIs. Methods This prospective...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Pharmacology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3455
101 downloads
446 views

Background Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is used for the systemic treatment of bone diseases, although it has many side effects. The aim of this study was to investigate a newly formulated OPG-chitosan gel for local application to repair bone defects. Recent studies have...

["Bioengineering","Orthopedics","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3513
106 downloads
585 views

Background c-Kit is a receptor tyrosine kinase present in multiple cell types, including vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC). However, little is known about how c-Kit influences SMC biology and vascular pathogenesis. Methods High-throughput microarray assays and...

["Molecular Biology","Cardiology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3418
1 citation
106 downloads
508 views

Cucurbitacins, a class of toxic tetracyclic triterpenoids in Cucurbitaceae, modulate many molecular targets. Here we investigated the interactions of cucurbitacin B, E and I with cytoskeletal proteins such as microtubule and actin filaments. The effects of cucurbitacin...

["Cell Biology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3357

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