Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

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Background Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) provides separate measurements of fat mass, fat-free mass and bone mass, and is a quick, accurate, and safe technique, yet one that is not readily available in routine clinical practice. Consequently, we aimed to...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3238
51 downloads
268 views

Background and Objective The Korean version of the EQ-5D-Y was launched in 2015 by the EuroQol group. Currently, there is no HRQOL data obtained by using the EQ-5D-Y in Korea. This study aimed to measure health-related quality of life of Korean elementary school...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Health Policy","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3115
43 downloads
258 views

Background This study evaluates two procedures for typing of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci; GBS) isolates, using retrospective typing data from the period 2010 to 2014 with a commercial latex agglutination test (latex test) and the Lancefield precipitation...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3105
51 downloads
240 views

Background and Aim The infection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is acquired in childhood and the prevalence vary greatly in different countries and regions. The study aimed to investigate the characteristics of H. pylori infection among children with gastrointestinal...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2937
132 downloads
384 views

Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the leading causative pathogen in pediatric pneumonia and bacteremia throughout the world. The invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is known as isolation of S. pneumoniae from a normally sterile site (e.g., blood, cerebrospinal fluid,...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2941
237 downloads
892 views

Background Few studies have investigated the gut microbiome of infants, fewer still preterm infants. In this study we sought to quantify and interrogate the resistome within a cohort of premature infants using shotgun metagenomic sequencing. We describe the gut...

["Computational Biology","Genomics","Microbiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2928
170 downloads
307 views

Background One important aspect of subjective judgments about one’s well-being (i.e., subjective well-being: life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect) is that cultural features, such as, nationality seem to shape cognitive judgments about the “the...

["Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2868
323 downloads
1,013 views

Background Accumulating evidence indicates interactions between human milk composition, particularly sugars (human milk oligosaccharides or HMO), the gut microbiota of human infants, and behavioral effects. Some HMO secreted in human milk are unable to be endogenously...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2876
89 downloads
327 views

Background Fulminant myocarditis (FM) is an inflammatory disease of the myocardium that results in ventricular systolic dysfunction and causes acute-onset heart failure. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has become the primary noninvasive tool for the diagnosis...

["Cardiology","Pediatrics","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2750
1 citation
148 downloads
433 views

Background Antibiotic resistance is one of the world’s biggest public health issues, and the situation in China is particularly grave. The objective of this study is to investigate the antibiotics usage pattern among Chinese children and provide further insight...

["Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2668
115 downloads
470 views

Objectives To analyze the associations between different components of fitness and fatness with academic performance, adjusting the analysis by sex, age, socio-economic status, region and school type in a Chilean sample. Methods Data of fitness, fatness and academic...

["Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2560
3 citations
458 downloads
1,589 views

Context Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most frequent gastrointestinal emergency in neonates. The microbiome of the preterm gut may regulate the integrity of the intestinal mucosa. Probiotics may positively contribute to mucosal integrity, potentially reducing...

["Clinical Trials","Drugs and Devices","Evidence Based Medicine","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2429
399 downloads
1,254 views

Background Parenteral nutrition associated cholestasis (PNAC) is a frequently observed pathology in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Its pathogenesis is determined by the composition and duration of parenteral nutrition (PN) as well as the tolerance of...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2483
178 downloads
366 views

Background Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a marker of pediatric hypertension and predicts development of cardiovascular events. Electrocardiography (ECG) screening is used in pediatrics to detect LVH thanks to major accessibility, reproducibility and easy...

["Cardiology","Epidemiology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2439
173 downloads
814 views

Objectives Cleft lip and/or palate is a common congenital craniofacial malformation found worldwide. A frequently associated disorder is conductive hearing loss, and this disorder has been thoroughly investigated in children with non-syndromic cleft lip and/or...

["Neuroscience","Otorhinolaryngology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2383

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