Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

29 downloads
132 views

Background Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex, multisystem genetic disorder characterized by a variety of physical, cognitive, and behavioral impairments. PWS is a unique sarcopenia model characterized by an abnormal increase in body fat mass and a decrease...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Pediatrics","Medical Genetics","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4097
37 downloads
167 views

Background The importance of assessing body fat variables and physical fitness tests plays an important role in monitoring the level of activity and physical fitness of the general population. The objective of this study was to develop reference norms to evaluate...

["Global Health","Health Policy","Kinesiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4032
130 downloads
492 views

Background Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is an important factor to consider in the care of late preterm infants (born between 34 0/7 and 36 6/7 completed weeks of gestation). The literature suggests that SSC between preterm infants and their mothers facilitates breastfeeding....

["Nursing","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3949
52 downloads
158 views

Background For children worldwide, diarrhea is the second leading cause of death. These deaths are preventable by fluid resuscitation. Nasogastric tubes (NGs) have been shown to be equivalent to intravenous fluids for rehydration and recommended by the World Health...

["Global Health","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3829
197 downloads
840 views

Introduction A balanced diet is at the heart of healthy growth and development of children and youth, whereas inappropriate eating habits considerably influence the incidence of disorders connected with nutrition, including overweight and obesity. This paper aims...

["Nutrition","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3681
114 downloads
563 views

The purpose of this study was to verify a theoretical model of parents’ responses to difficulties they experienced with their child. The model presents relationships between seven variables: (a) discrepancy between parental goal and the child’s current level of...

["Mathematical Biology","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3384
109 downloads
583 views

Background There is a lack of instruments and studies written in Spanish evaluating physical fitness, impeding the determination of the current status of this important health indicator in the Latin population, especially in Colombia. The aim of the study was two-fold:...

["Epidemiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3351
152 downloads
596 views

Background Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) provides separate measurements of fat mass, fat-free mass and bone mass, and is a quick, accurate, and safe technique, yet one that is not readily available in routine clinical practice. Consequently, we aimed to...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3238
133 downloads
450 views

Background and Objective The Korean version of the EQ-5D-Y was launched in 2015 by the EuroQol group. Currently, there is no HRQOL data obtained by using the EQ-5D-Y in Korea. This study aimed to measure health-related quality of life of Korean elementary school...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Health Policy","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3115
157 downloads
474 views

Background This study evaluates two procedures for typing of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci; GBS) isolates, using retrospective typing data from the period 2010 to 2014 with a commercial latex agglutination test (latex test) and the Lancefield precipitation...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3105
2 citations
135 downloads
434 views

Background and Aim The infection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is acquired in childhood and the prevalence vary greatly in different countries and regions. The study aimed to investigate the characteristics of H. pylori infection among children with gastrointestinal...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2937
269 downloads
585 views

Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the leading causative pathogen in pediatric pneumonia and bacteremia throughout the world. The invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is known as isolation of S. pneumoniae from a normally sterile site (e.g., blood, cerebrospinal fluid,...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2941
3 citations
417 downloads
1,624 views

Background Few studies have investigated the gut microbiome of infants, fewer still preterm infants. In this study we sought to quantify and interrogate the resistome within a cohort of premature infants using shotgun metagenomic sequencing. We describe the gut...

["Computational Biology","Genomics","Microbiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2928
1 citation
368 downloads
616 views

Background One important aspect of subjective judgments about one’s well-being (i.e., subjective well-being: life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect) is that cultural features, such as, nationality seem to shape cognitive judgments about the “the...

["Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2868
3 citations
471 downloads
1,511 views

Background Accumulating evidence indicates interactions between human milk composition, particularly sugars (human milk oligosaccharides or HMO), the gut microbiota of human infants, and behavioral effects. Some HMO secreted in human milk are unable to be endogenously...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2876

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