Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

54 downloads
416 views

The purpose of this study was to verify a theoretical model of parents’ responses to difficulties they experienced with their child. The model presents relationships between seven variables: (a) discrepancy between parental goal and the child’s current level of...

["Mathematical Biology","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3384
69 downloads
380 views

Background There is a lack of instruments and studies written in Spanish evaluating physical fitness, impeding the determination of the current status of this important health indicator in the Latin population, especially in Colombia. The aim of the study was two-fold:...

["Epidemiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3351
90 downloads
364 views

Background Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) provides separate measurements of fat mass, fat-free mass and bone mass, and is a quick, accurate, and safe technique, yet one that is not readily available in routine clinical practice. Consequently, we aimed to...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3238
81 downloads
348 views

Background and Objective The Korean version of the EQ-5D-Y was launched in 2015 by the EuroQol group. Currently, there is no HRQOL data obtained by using the EQ-5D-Y in Korea. This study aimed to measure health-related quality of life of Korean elementary school...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Health Policy","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3115
93 downloads
381 views

Background This study evaluates two procedures for typing of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci; GBS) isolates, using retrospective typing data from the period 2010 to 2014 with a commercial latex agglutination test (latex test) and the Lancefield precipitation...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3105
90 downloads
340 views

Background and Aim The infection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is acquired in childhood and the prevalence vary greatly in different countries and regions. The study aimed to investigate the characteristics of H. pylori infection among children with gastrointestinal...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2937
216 downloads
496 views

Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the leading causative pathogen in pediatric pneumonia and bacteremia throughout the world. The invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is known as isolation of S. pneumoniae from a normally sterile site (e.g., blood, cerebrospinal fluid,...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2941
1 citation
332 downloads
1,263 views

Background Few studies have investigated the gut microbiome of infants, fewer still preterm infants. In this study we sought to quantify and interrogate the resistome within a cohort of premature infants using shotgun metagenomic sequencing. We describe the gut...

["Computational Biology","Genomics","Microbiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2928
266 downloads
441 views

Background One important aspect of subjective judgments about one’s well-being (i.e., subjective well-being: life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect) is that cultural features, such as, nationality seem to shape cognitive judgments about the “the...

["Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2868
3 citations
399 downloads
1,276 views

Background Accumulating evidence indicates interactions between human milk composition, particularly sugars (human milk oligosaccharides or HMO), the gut microbiota of human infants, and behavioral effects. Some HMO secreted in human milk are unable to be endogenously...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2876
151 downloads
386 views

Background Fulminant myocarditis (FM) is an inflammatory disease of the myocardium that results in ventricular systolic dysfunction and causes acute-onset heart failure. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has become the primary noninvasive tool for the diagnosis...

["Cardiology","Pediatrics","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2750
1 citation
229 downloads
544 views

Background Antibiotic resistance is one of the world’s biggest public health issues, and the situation in China is particularly grave. The objective of this study is to investigate the antibiotics usage pattern among Chinese children and provide further insight...

["Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2668
1 citation
140 downloads
607 views

Objectives To analyze the associations between different components of fitness and fatness with academic performance, adjusting the analysis by sex, age, socio-economic status, region and school type in a Chilean sample. Methods Data of fitness, fatness and academic...

["Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2560
7 citations
568 downloads
2,072 views

Context Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most frequent gastrointestinal emergency in neonates. The microbiome of the preterm gut may regulate the integrity of the intestinal mucosa. Probiotics may positively contribute to mucosal integrity, potentially reducing...

["Clinical Trials","Drugs and Devices","Evidence Based Medicine","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2429
552 downloads
1,542 views

Background Parenteral nutrition associated cholestasis (PNAC) is a frequently observed pathology in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Its pathogenesis is determined by the composition and duration of parenteral nutrition (PN) as well as the tolerance of...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2483

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