Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

Background Meningiomas are common intracranial tumors in humans that frequently recur despite having a predominantly benign nature. Even though these tumors have been shown to commonly express EGFR/c-erbB1 (epidermal growth factor receptor), results from previous...

["Oncology","Pathology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3140
55 downloads
408 views

Drug repositioning (i.e., drug repurposing) is the process of discovering new uses for marketed drugs. Historically, such discoveries were serendipitous. However, the rapid growth in electronic clinical data and text mining tools makes it feasible to systematically...

["Bioinformatics","Clinical Trials","Drugs and Devices","Oncology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3154
78 downloads
445 views

Background Liver hepatocellular carcinoma accounts for the overwhelming majority of primary liver cancers and its belated diagnosis and poor prognosis call for novel biomarkers to be discovered, which, in the era of big data, innovative bioinformatics and computational...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Oncology","Pathology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3089
49 downloads
254 views

Background To find the best individual chemotherapy for cancer patients, the efficacy of different chemotherapeutic drugs can be predicted by pretesting tumor samples in vitro via the chemotherapy-resistance (CTR)-Test®. Although drug combinations are widely used...

["Gynecology and Obstetrics","Oncology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3030
106 downloads
728 views

The past two decades have brought many important advances in our understanding of the hereditary susceptibility to cancer. Numerous studies have provided convincing evidence that identification of germline mutations associated with hereditary cancer syndromes can...

["Genomics","Oncology","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3046
106 downloads
655 views

Background Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading cancers worldwide. Several studies have performed microarray data analyses for cancer classification and prognostic analyses. Microarray assays also enable the identification of gene signatures for molecular...

["Bioinformatics","Mathematical Biology","Molecular Biology","Oncology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3003
48 downloads
227 views

Background The current TNM classification system does not consider tumor length for patients with esophageal carcinoma (EC). This study explored the effect of tumor length, in addition to tumor depth and lymph node involvement, on survival in patients with esophageal...

["Oncology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2943
77 downloads
302 views

Background Multiple myeloma is a cancer which has a high occurrence rate and causes great injury to people worldwide. In recent years, many studies reported the effects of miRNA on the appearance of multiple myeloma. However, due to the differences of samples and...

["Genomics","Dermatology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2831
68 downloads
226 views

Background Platinum-based agents are widely used in chemotherapy against solid tumors and insufficient intracellular drug accumulation is one of the leading causes of platinum resistance which is associated with poor survival of tumor patients. Thus, the detection...

["Cell Biology","Drugs and Devices","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2873
53 downloads
184 views

Background Cryoelectrolysis is a new minimally invasive tissue ablation surgical technique that combines the ablation techniques of electrolytic ablation with cryosurgery. The goal of this study is to examine the hypothesis that electrolysis can take place in a...

["Biochemistry","Bioengineering","Biophysics","Oncology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2810
50 downloads
232 views

Previous studies have investigated the association between cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) polymorphisms and breast cancer susceptibility, but the results remained inconsistent. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship between four common CTLA-4 polymorphisms...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Oncology","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2815
74 downloads
317 views

The incidence of cutaneous melanoma (CM) has rapidly increased over the past four decades. CM is often overlooked in East Asian populations due to its low incidence, despite East Asia making up 22% of the world’s population. Since the 1990s, Caucasian populations...

["Dermatology","Epidemiology","Oncology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2809
205 downloads
443 views

This large-scale, controlled cohort study estimated the risks of lung cancer in patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) in Taiwan. We conducted this population-based study using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan during...

["Epidemiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2753
92 downloads
454 views

Background Our study aimed to compare the outcomes of surgical treatment of tongue cancer patients in three different age groups. Methods From 2004 to 2013, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 1,712 patients who were treated in the four institutions...

["Geriatrics","Oncology","Otorhinolaryngology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2794
69 downloads
363 views

Background The aim of this study was to determine the expression stabilities of 12 common internal reference genes for the relative quantitation analysis of target gene expression performed by reverse transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction...

["Oncology","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2763

Top subject areas - Articles

Top subject areas - People

View all subject areas