Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

39 downloads
158 views

The objectives of this experiment were to determine the effects of graded dietary lead (Pb) concentrations on body weight and Pb concentrations in blood, hair, soft tissues, and urine from pigs and to generate equations for estimating daily Pb intake. Sixteen barrows...

["Agricultural Science","Toxicology","Nutrition","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3936
66 downloads
623 views

Substituting fishmeal (FM) with vegetable meal (VM) can markedly affect the mineral composition of feeds, and may require additional mineral supplementation. Their bioavailability and optimal supplementation levels depend also on the form of delivery of minerals....

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3710
53 downloads
1,045 views

Background Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a commonly used instrument for analysing segmental body composition (BC). The information from the scan guides the clinician in the treatment of conditions such as obesity and can be used to monitor recovery...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Kinesiology","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3880
169 downloads
740 views

Introduction A balanced diet is at the heart of healthy growth and development of children and youth, whereas inappropriate eating habits considerably influence the incidence of disorders connected with nutrition, including overweight and obesity. This paper aims...

["Nutrition","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3681
93 downloads
301 views

Background Food selection and ingestion both in humans and rodents, often is a critical factor in determining excess energy intake and its related disorders. Methods Two different concepts of high-fat diets were tested for their obesogenic effects in rats; in both...

["Biochemistry","Nutrition","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3697
1 citation
155 downloads
572 views

Objective Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) correlate negatively with obesity. Previous studies have shown that exercise significantly restores circulating EPC levels in obese people; however, the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. Recently,...

["Neuroscience","Cardiology","Clinical Trials","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3669
244 downloads
647 views

Background Because of increasing antibiotic resistance, herbal teas are the most popular natural alternatives for the treatment of infectious diseases, and are currently gaining more importance. We examined the antimicrobial activities of 31 herbal teas both alone...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3467
1 citation
96 downloads
472 views

Background Little is known about the role of dietary intake in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which could prove important in improving clinical outcomes for people with obesity and/or cardiovascular disease within these populations. Reduction in energy intake typically...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3259
1 citation
94 downloads
409 views

Background Individuals with stroke often have multiple cardiovascular risk factors that necessitate promoting engagement in multiple health behaviors. However, observational studies of individuals with stroke have typically focused on promoting a single health...

["Neurology","Nursing","Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3210
219 downloads
1,175 views

Background Various scales have been used to perform a quick and first level nutritional assessment, and the MNA is one of the most used and recommended by experts in the elderly in all areas. This scale has a short form, the MNA-SF, revised and validated in 2009,...

["Geriatrics","Nursing","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3345
107 downloads
413 views

Background Estimating volumes and masses of total body components is important for the study and treatment monitoring of nutrition and nutrition-related disorders, cancer, joint replacement, energy-expenditure and exercise physiology. While several equations have...

["Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3302
1 citation
161 downloads
594 views

Background Plant-based diets have been linked to high diet quality and reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. The health impact of plant-based diets might be partially explained by the concomitant intake of flavonoids. Estimation of flavonoids intake in adults...

["Epidemiology","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3304
197 downloads
694 views

Background Obesity has become a worldwide burden to public health in recent decades. Given that obesity is caused by an imbalance between caloric intake and expenditure, and that dietary fat is the most important energy source of all macronutrients (by providing...

["Biochemistry","Food Science and Technology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3279
1 citation
253 downloads
820 views

Prebiotics are selectively fermentable dietary compounds that result in changes in the composition and/or activity of the intestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefits upon host health. In veterinary medicine, commercially available products containing prebiotics...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3184
120 downloads
494 views

Background Previous work demonstrated that individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety are prone to increased binge eating (Alexander & Siegel, 2013). Given that our society rejects obese individuals and individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety...

["Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3034

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