Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

37 downloads
263 views

Background Previous work demonstrated that individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety are prone to increased binge eating (Alexander & Siegel, 2013). Given that our society rejects obese individuals and individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety...

["Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3034
107 downloads
675 views

Background The practice of feeding of diets containing raw animal products (RAP) to pets (dogs and cats) is discouraged by veterinary organizations and governmental public health organizations. Nevertheless, the practice of feeding RAP to pets is increasing in...

["Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3031
59 downloads
261 views

Background Nowadays, the number of obese people in the world has reached alarming proportions. During the expansion of adipose tissue, a number of functions such as activation and release of cytokines and hormones may be affected. This leads the body to a pro-inflammatory...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2967
95 downloads
416 views

A metabolomic study has been performed to identify sensitive and robust biomarkers of malnutrition in farmed fish, using gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) as a model. The metabolomic fingerprinting of serum from fasted fish was assessed by means of ultra-high...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biochemistry","Bioinformatics","Nutrition","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2920
68 downloads
232 views

Objective The objective was to quantitatively evaluate the validity of ultrasonographic (US) muscle measurements as compared to the gold standard of computed tomography (CT) in the canine. Design This was a prospective study. Population Twenty-five, client-owned...

["Veterinary Medicine","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2926
656 downloads
5,272 views

Background Increasing population-levels of physical activity (PA) is a controversial strategy for managing the obesity epidemic, given the conflicting evidence for weight loss from PA alone per se. We measured PA and weight change in a three-year prospective cohort...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2902
302 downloads
936 views

Background Accumulating evidence indicates interactions between human milk composition, particularly sugars (human milk oligosaccharides or HMO), the gut microbiota of human infants, and behavioral effects. Some HMO secreted in human milk are unable to be endogenously...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2876
5,461 downloads
39,013 views

The purpose of this study was to test the anabolic window theory by investigating muscle strength, hypertrophy, and body composition changes in response to an equal dose of protein consumed either immediately pre- versus post-resistance training (RT) in trained...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2825
93 downloads
290 views

The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that consuming manuka honey, which contains antimicrobial methylglyoxal, may affect the gut microbiota. We undertook a mouse feeding study to investigate whether dietary manuka honey supplementation altered microbial...

["Biochemistry","Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2787
105 downloads
447 views

We have developed a novel bio-tofu, made from mixed soy and cow milk (MSCM), using Lactobacillus helveticus MB2-1 and Lactobacillus plantarum B1-6 incorporated with microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) as coagulant. MTGase was added to improve the textural properties...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2754
259 downloads
578 views

Background Overweight and obesity have increased rapidly in incidence to become a global issue today. Overweight and obesity problems are significantly linked to unhealthy dietary patterns, physical inactivity and misperception of body image. This study aimed to...

["Health Policy","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2651
107 downloads
356 views

Background Short stature in adult life, a possible consequence of poor perinatal conditions, is associated with higher risk of mortality and social disabilities. We aimed to determine whether low-income, overweight/obese, short-stature (SS) women show alterations...

["Epidemiology","Nutrition","Public Health","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2547
100 downloads
507 views

Antibiotics are a vital and commonly used therapeutic tool, but their use also results in profound changes in the intestinal microbiota that can, in turn, have significant health consequences. Understanding how the microbiota recovers after antibiotic treatment...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Immunology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2518
342 downloads
1,151 views

Background Parenteral nutrition associated cholestasis (PNAC) is a frequently observed pathology in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Its pathogenesis is determined by the composition and duration of parenteral nutrition (PN) as well as the tolerance of...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2483
174 downloads
430 views

This experiment was conducted to determine the bioavailability of D-methionine (Met) relative to L-Met for nursery pigs using the slope-ratio assay. A total of 50 crossbred barrows with an initial BW of 13.5 kg (SD = 1.0) were used in an N balance study. A Met-deficient...

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behavior","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2368

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