Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

59 downloads
264 views

Prebiotics are selectively fermentable dietary compounds that result in changes in the composition and/or activity of the intestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefits upon host health. In veterinary medicine, commercially available products containing prebiotics...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3184
50 downloads
333 views

Background Previous work demonstrated that individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety are prone to increased binge eating (Alexander & Siegel, 2013). Given that our society rejects obese individuals and individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety...

["Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3034
149 downloads
844 views

Background The practice of feeding of diets containing raw animal products (RAP) to pets (dogs and cats) is discouraged by veterinary organizations and governmental public health organizations. Nevertheless, the practice of feeding RAP to pets is increasing in...

["Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3031
90 downloads
355 views

Background Nowadays, the number of obese people in the world has reached alarming proportions. During the expansion of adipose tissue, a number of functions such as activation and release of cytokines and hormones may be affected. This leads the body to a pro-inflammatory...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2967
113 downloads
506 views

A metabolomic study has been performed to identify sensitive and robust biomarkers of malnutrition in farmed fish, using gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) as a model. The metabolomic fingerprinting of serum from fasted fish was assessed by means of ultra-high...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biochemistry","Bioinformatics","Nutrition","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2920
76 downloads
265 views

Objective The objective was to quantitatively evaluate the validity of ultrasonographic (US) muscle measurements as compared to the gold standard of computed tomography (CT) in the canine. Design This was a prospective study. Population Twenty-five, client-owned...

["Veterinary Medicine","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2926
701 downloads
5,542 views

Background Increasing population-levels of physical activity (PA) is a controversial strategy for managing the obesity epidemic, given the conflicting evidence for weight loss from PA alone per se. We measured PA and weight change in a three-year prospective cohort...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2902
323 downloads
1,013 views

Background Accumulating evidence indicates interactions between human milk composition, particularly sugars (human milk oligosaccharides or HMO), the gut microbiota of human infants, and behavioral effects. Some HMO secreted in human milk are unable to be endogenously...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2876
5,758 downloads
39,817 views

The purpose of this study was to test the anabolic window theory by investigating muscle strength, hypertrophy, and body composition changes in response to an equal dose of protein consumed either immediately pre- versus post-resistance training (RT) in trained...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2825
104 downloads
328 views

The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that consuming manuka honey, which contains antimicrobial methylglyoxal, may affect the gut microbiota. We undertook a mouse feeding study to investigate whether dietary manuka honey supplementation altered microbial...

["Biochemistry","Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2787
130 downloads
527 views

We have developed a novel bio-tofu, made from mixed soy and cow milk (MSCM), using Lactobacillus helveticus MB2-1 and Lactobacillus plantarum B1-6 incorporated with microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) as coagulant. MTGase was added to improve the textural properties...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2754
309 downloads
645 views

Background Overweight and obesity have increased rapidly in incidence to become a global issue today. Overweight and obesity problems are significantly linked to unhealthy dietary patterns, physical inactivity and misperception of body image. This study aimed to...

["Health Policy","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2651
124 downloads
393 views

Background Short stature in adult life, a possible consequence of poor perinatal conditions, is associated with higher risk of mortality and social disabilities. We aimed to determine whether low-income, overweight/obese, short-stature (SS) women show alterations...

["Epidemiology","Nutrition","Public Health","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2547
104 downloads
537 views

Antibiotics are a vital and commonly used therapeutic tool, but their use also results in profound changes in the intestinal microbiota that can, in turn, have significant health consequences. Understanding how the microbiota recovers after antibiotic treatment...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Immunology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2518
399 downloads
1,254 views

Background Parenteral nutrition associated cholestasis (PNAC) is a frequently observed pathology in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Its pathogenesis is determined by the composition and duration of parenteral nutrition (PN) as well as the tolerance of...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2483

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