Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

22 downloads
132 views

Background Little is known about the role of dietary intake in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which could prove important in improving clinical outcomes for people with obesity and/or cardiovascular disease within these populations. Reduction in energy intake typically...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3259
38 downloads
182 views

Background Individuals with stroke often have multiple cardiovascular risk factors that necessitate promoting engagement in multiple health behaviors. However, observational studies of individuals with stroke have typically focused on promoting a single health...

["Neurology","Nursing","Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3210
80 downloads
385 views

Background Various scales have been used to perform a quick and first level nutritional assessment, and the MNA is one of the most used and recommended by experts in the elderly in all areas. This scale has a short form, the MNA-SF, revised and validated in 2009,...

["Geriatrics","Nursing","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3345
52 downloads
237 views

Background Estimating volumes and masses of total body components is important for the study and treatment monitoring of nutrition and nutrition-related disorders, cancer, joint replacement, energy-expenditure and exercise physiology. While several equations have...

["Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3302
80 downloads
280 views

Background Plant-based diets have been linked to high diet quality and reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. The health impact of plant-based diets might be partially explained by the concomitant intake of flavonoids. Estimation of flavonoids intake in adults...

["Epidemiology","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3304
76 downloads
417 views

Background Obesity has become a worldwide burden to public health in recent decades. Given that obesity is caused by an imbalance between caloric intake and expenditure, and that dietary fat is the most important energy source of all macronutrients (by providing...

["Biochemistry","Food Science and Technology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3279
129 downloads
442 views

Prebiotics are selectively fermentable dietary compounds that result in changes in the composition and/or activity of the intestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefits upon host health. In veterinary medicine, commercially available products containing prebiotics...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3184
64 downloads
402 views

Background Previous work demonstrated that individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety are prone to increased binge eating (Alexander & Siegel, 2013). Given that our society rejects obese individuals and individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety...

["Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3034
191 downloads
1,018 views

Background The practice of feeding of diets containing raw animal products (RAP) to pets (dogs and cats) is discouraged by veterinary organizations and governmental public health organizations. Nevertheless, the practice of feeding RAP to pets is increasing in...

["Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3031
130 downloads
446 views

Background Nowadays, the number of obese people in the world has reached alarming proportions. During the expansion of adipose tissue, a number of functions such as activation and release of cytokines and hormones may be affected. This leads the body to a pro-inflammatory...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2967
135 downloads
623 views

A metabolomic study has been performed to identify sensitive and robust biomarkers of malnutrition in farmed fish, using gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) as a model. The metabolomic fingerprinting of serum from fasted fish was assessed by means of ultra-high...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biochemistry","Bioinformatics","Nutrition","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2920
106 downloads
318 views

Objective The objective was to quantitatively evaluate the validity of ultrasonographic (US) muscle measurements as compared to the gold standard of computed tomography (CT) in the canine. Design This was a prospective study. Population Twenty-five, client-owned...

["Veterinary Medicine","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2926
744 downloads
6,069 views

Background Increasing population-levels of physical activity (PA) is a controversial strategy for managing the obesity epidemic, given the conflicting evidence for weight loss from PA alone per se. We measured PA and weight change in a three-year prospective cohort...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2902
373 downloads
1,192 views

Background Accumulating evidence indicates interactions between human milk composition, particularly sugars (human milk oligosaccharides or HMO), the gut microbiota of human infants, and behavioral effects. Some HMO secreted in human milk are unable to be endogenously...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2876
1 citation
6,096 downloads
46,250 views

The purpose of this study was to test the anabolic window theory by investigating muscle strength, hypertrophy, and body composition changes in response to an equal dose of protein consumed either immediately pre- versus post-resistance training (RT) in trained...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2825

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