Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

26 downloads
925 views

Background Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a commonly used instrument for analysing segmental body composition (BC). The information from the scan guides the clinician in the treatment of conditions such as obesity and can be used to monitor recovery...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Kinesiology","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3880
108 downloads
519 views

Introduction A balanced diet is at the heart of healthy growth and development of children and youth, whereas inappropriate eating habits considerably influence the incidence of disorders connected with nutrition, including overweight and obesity. This paper aims...

["Nutrition","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3681
76 downloads
238 views

Background Food selection and ingestion both in humans and rodents, often is a critical factor in determining excess energy intake and its related disorders. Methods Two different concepts of high-fat diets were tested for their obesogenic effects in rats; in both...

["Biochemistry","Nutrition","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3697
1 citation
131 downloads
504 views

Objective Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) correlate negatively with obesity. Previous studies have shown that exercise significantly restores circulating EPC levels in obese people; however, the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. Recently,...

["Neuroscience","Cardiology","Clinical Trials","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3669
186 downloads
523 views

Background Because of increasing antibiotic resistance, herbal teas are the most popular natural alternatives for the treatment of infectious diseases, and are currently gaining more importance. We examined the antimicrobial activities of 31 herbal teas both alone...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3467
87 downloads
426 views

Background Little is known about the role of dietary intake in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which could prove important in improving clinical outcomes for people with obesity and/or cardiovascular disease within these populations. Reduction in energy intake typically...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3259
1 citation
83 downloads
362 views

Background Individuals with stroke often have multiple cardiovascular risk factors that necessitate promoting engagement in multiple health behaviors. However, observational studies of individuals with stroke have typically focused on promoting a single health...

["Neurology","Nursing","Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3210
184 downloads
931 views

Background Various scales have been used to perform a quick and first level nutritional assessment, and the MNA is one of the most used and recommended by experts in the elderly in all areas. This scale has a short form, the MNA-SF, revised and validated in 2009,...

["Geriatrics","Nursing","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3345
99 downloads
379 views

Background Estimating volumes and masses of total body components is important for the study and treatment monitoring of nutrition and nutrition-related disorders, cancer, joint replacement, energy-expenditure and exercise physiology. While several equations have...

["Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3302
1 citation
148 downloads
545 views

Background Plant-based diets have been linked to high diet quality and reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. The health impact of plant-based diets might be partially explained by the concomitant intake of flavonoids. Estimation of flavonoids intake in adults...

["Epidemiology","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3304
171 downloads
644 views

Background Obesity has become a worldwide burden to public health in recent decades. Given that obesity is caused by an imbalance between caloric intake and expenditure, and that dietary fat is the most important energy source of all macronutrients (by providing...

["Biochemistry","Food Science and Technology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3279
235 downloads
734 views

Prebiotics are selectively fermentable dietary compounds that result in changes in the composition and/or activity of the intestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefits upon host health. In veterinary medicine, commercially available products containing prebiotics...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3184
107 downloads
471 views

Background Previous work demonstrated that individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety are prone to increased binge eating (Alexander & Siegel, 2013). Given that our society rejects obese individuals and individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety...

["Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3034
1 citation
290 downloads
1,399 views

Background The practice of feeding of diets containing raw animal products (RAP) to pets (dogs and cats) is discouraged by veterinary organizations and governmental public health organizations. Nevertheless, the practice of feeding RAP to pets is increasing in...

["Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3031
207 downloads
644 views

Background Nowadays, the number of obese people in the world has reached alarming proportions. During the expansion of adipose tissue, a number of functions such as activation and release of cytokines and hormones may be affected. This leads the body to a pro-inflammatory...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2967

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