Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

44 downloads
237 views

Peripheral nerves are extremely complex biological structures. The knowledge of their response to stretch is crucial to better understand physiological and pathological states (e.g., due to overstretch). Since their mechanical response is deterministically related...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4005
36 downloads
218 views

Hands motor imagery (MI) has been reported to alter synchronization patterns amongst neurons, yielding variations in the mu and beta bands’ power spectral density (PSD) of the electroencephalography (EEG) signal. These alterations have been used in the field of...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Human-Computer Interaction","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3983
45 downloads
217 views

Small interference RNA has been widely used to suppress gene expression. Three different short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) against dopamine D1 receptor (Drd1), driven by mouse U6 promoter in self-complementary AAV8 vector (scAAV8), were used to silence mouse striatal...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3905
79 downloads
873 views

Language lateralisation refers to the phenomenon in which one hemisphere (typically the left) shows greater involvement in language functions than the other. Measurement of laterality is of interest both to researchers investigating the neural organisation of the...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3929
92 downloads
509 views

The purpose of this study was to investigate the benefits of exercises with different cognitive demands for cognitive functions (Executive and non-Executive) in healthy older adults. A cross-sectional design was adopted. In total, 84 healthy older adults were enrolled...

["Neuroscience","Geriatrics","Neurology","Ophthalmology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3943
104 downloads
408 views

Clinical evidence points to neuroprotective effects of smoking in Parkinson’s disease (PD), but the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated the pharmacological pathways involved in these neuroprotective effects, which could provide novel ideas for...

["Biochemistry","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Neurology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3933
68 downloads
548 views

In the context of a hunt for a postulated hormone that is tissue-mass inhibiting and reproductively associated, there is described probable relatedness to a granin protein. A 7–8 kDa polypeptide candidate (gels/MS) appeared in a bioassay-guided fractionation campaign...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3833
68 downloads
281 views

Background Cocaine use disorder (CUD) is a complex health condition, especially when it is accompanied by comorbid psychiatric disorders (dual diagnosis). Dual diagnosis is associated with difficulties in the stratification and treatment of patients. One of the...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3926
50 downloads
444 views

Background Recently it has been shown in animal studies that deep brain stimulation (DBS) of auditory structures was able to reduce tinnitus-like behavior. However, the question arises whether hearing might be impaired when interfering in auditory-related network...

["Neurology","Otorhinolaryngology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3892
67 downloads
295 views

Background We investigated EEG rhythms, particularly alpha activity, and their relationship to post-stroke neuropathology and cognitive functions in the subacute and chronic stages of minor strokes. Methods We included 10 patients with right middle cerebral artery...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3839
82 downloads
584 views

Background The cause−effect relation between periodontal inflammatory disease (PID) and Parkinson’s disease (PD) remains uncertain. The purpose of our study was to investigate the association between PID and PD. Methods We conducted a retrospective matched-cohort...

["Dentistry","Epidemiology","Neurology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3647
2 citations
179 downloads
1,150 views

The involvement of the right and left hemispheres in mediating language functions has been measured in a variety of ways over the centuries since the relative dominance of the left hemisphere was first known. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) presents...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3557
114 downloads
559 views

Objective An acquired brain injury (ABI) is a challenge for an individual’s quality of life (QOL). In several chronic illnesses acceptance has been found to be associated with a better health-related quality of life. This study investigated whether this relationship...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3545
94 downloads
588 views

Background Impulsivity is one crucial personality trait associated with various maladaptive behavior and many mental disorders. In the study reported here, we investigated the relationship between impulsivity and morphological connectivity (MC) between human brain...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3533
128 downloads
758 views

Introduction Assessment of episodic memory has been traditionally used to evaluate potential cognitive impairments in senior adults. Typically, episodic memory evaluation is based on personal interviews and pen-and-paper tests. This article presents the design,...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3508

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