Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

20 downloads
94 views

Background Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) results and aggravates in secondary brain injury, which seriously affects the prognosis of severe traumatic brain injury patients. Although several studies have focused on the treatment of PSH, few have concentrated...

["Drugs and Devices","Emergency and Critical Care","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2986
56 downloads
212 views

Background Hyperglycemia is a known predictor of negative outcomes in stroke. Several glycemic measures, including admission random glucose, fasting glucose, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), have been associated with bad neurological outcomes in acute ischemic...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2948
45 downloads
232 views

Problem The purpose of this work is to provide some validation methods for evaluating the hemodynamic assessment of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation (CAVM). This article emphasizes the importance of validating noninvasive measurements for CAVM patients, which...

["Neurology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2724
102 downloads
318 views

Mild traumatic brain injury typically involves temporary impairment of neurological function. Previous studies used water pressure or rotational injury for designing the device to make a rat a mild traumatic brain injury model. The objective of this study was to...

["Neuroscience","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2818
125 downloads
342 views

Background The involvement of multiple genes and missing heritability, which are dominant in complex diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), entail using network biology to better elucidate their molecular basis and genetic factors. We therefore aimed to integrate...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Immunology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2775
119 downloads
448 views

Brain perfusion is of key importance to assess brain function. Modern CT scanners can acquire perfusion maps of the cerebral parenchyma in vivo at submillimeter resolution. These perfusion maps give insights into the hemodynamics of the cerebral parenchyma and...

["Radiology and Medical Imaging","Neurology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2683
107 downloads
320 views

A small molecule named ISRIB has recently been described to enhance memory in rodents. In this study we aimed to test whether ISRIB would reverse learning and memory deficits in the J20 mouse model of human amyloid precursor protein (hAPP) overexpression, a model...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2565
92 downloads
482 views

Background Although increased nasality can originate from basal ganglia dysfunction, data regarding hypernasality in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and Huntington’s disease (HD) are very sparse. The aim of the current study was to analyze acoustic and perceptual correlates...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Otorhinolaryngology","Computational Science","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2530
241 downloads
549 views

Background Individuals with mental illness often experience stigmatization and encounter stereotypes such as being dangerous or unpredictable. To further improve measures against psychiatric stigma, it is of importance to understand its components. In this study,...

["Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2360
82 downloads
653 views

The present study investigated the effects of grip on changes in the median nerve cross-sectional area (MNCSA) and median nerve diameter in the radial-ulnar direction (D1) and dorsal-palmar direction (D2) at three wrist angles. Twenty-nine healthy participants...

["Kinesiology","Neurology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2510
133 downloads
362 views

Background Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the best biomarker of inflammatory disease activity in relapsing remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS) so far but the association with disability is weak. Appearance of new MRI-lesions is used to evaluate response to...

["Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2442
112 downloads
427 views

Objective The autonomy of individuals is linked to the achievement of instrumental activities of daily living that require complex behavior. In the elderly, the assessment of autonomy is usually based on questionnaires that have strong subjective constraints. Considering...

["Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2351
159 downloads
495 views

8-Hydroxyquinoline and derivatives exhibit multifunctional properties, including antioxidant, antineurodegenerative, anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic activities. In biological systems, elevation of intracellular calcium can cause calpain activation,...

["Neuroscience","Evidence Based Medicine","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2389
82 downloads
427 views

Background. Generally, males display greater strength and muscle capacity than females while performing a task. Muscle biopsy is regarded as the reference method of evaluating muscle functions; however, it is invasive and has sampling errors, and is not practical...

["Neurology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2259
154 downloads
606 views

The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between different exercise modes and visuospatial working memory in healthy older adults. A cross-sectional design was adopted. A total of 111 healthy older adults were enrolled in the study. They were...

["Neuroscience","Geriatrics","Neurology","Ophthalmology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2254

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