Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

13 downloads
107 views

The purpose of this study was to investigate the benefits of exercises with different cognitive demands for cognitive functions (Executive and non-Executive) in healthy older adults. A cross-sectional design was adopted. In total, 84 healthy older adults were enrolled...

["Neuroscience","Geriatrics","Neurology","Ophthalmology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3943
36 downloads
171 views

Clinical evidence points to neuroprotective effects of smoking in Parkinson’s disease (PD), but the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated the pharmacological pathways involved in these neuroprotective effects, which could provide novel ideas for...

["Biochemistry","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Neurology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3933
41 downloads
308 views

In the context of a hunt for a postulated hormone that is tissue-mass inhibiting and reproductively associated, there is described probable relatedness to a granin protein. A 7–8 kDa polypeptide candidate (gels/MS) appeared in a bioassay-guided fractionation campaign...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3833
37 downloads
197 views

Background Cocaine use disorder (CUD) is a complex health condition, especially when it is accompanied by comorbid psychiatric disorders (dual diagnosis). Dual diagnosis is associated with difficulties in the stratification and treatment of patients. One of the...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3926
32 downloads
400 views

Background Recently it has been shown in animal studies that deep brain stimulation (DBS) of auditory structures was able to reduce tinnitus-like behavior. However, the question arises whether hearing might be impaired when interfering in auditory-related network...

["Neurology","Otorhinolaryngology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3892
54 downloads
244 views

Background We investigated EEG rhythms, particularly alpha activity, and their relationship to post-stroke neuropathology and cognitive functions in the subacute and chronic stages of minor strokes. Methods We included 10 patients with right middle cerebral artery...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3839
64 downloads
506 views

Background The cause−effect relation between periodontal inflammatory disease (PID) and Parkinson’s disease (PD) remains uncertain. The purpose of our study was to investigate the association between PID and PD. Methods We conducted a retrospective matched-cohort...

["Dentistry","Epidemiology","Neurology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3647
1 citation
162 downloads
1,040 views

The involvement of the right and left hemispheres in mediating language functions has been measured in a variety of ways over the centuries since the relative dominance of the left hemisphere was first known. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) presents...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3557
101 downloads
501 views

Objective An acquired brain injury (ABI) is a challenge for an individual’s quality of life (QOL). In several chronic illnesses acceptance has been found to be associated with a better health-related quality of life. This study investigated whether this relationship...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3545
89 downloads
542 views

Background Impulsivity is one crucial personality trait associated with various maladaptive behavior and many mental disorders. In the study reported here, we investigated the relationship between impulsivity and morphological connectivity (MC) between human brain...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3533
109 downloads
672 views

Introduction Assessment of episodic memory has been traditionally used to evaluate potential cognitive impairments in senior adults. Typically, episodic memory evaluation is based on personal interviews and pen-and-paper tests. This article presents the design,...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3508
318 downloads
510 views

We investigated whether design experts or laypersons evaluate webpages differently. Twenty participants, 10 experts and 10 laypersons, judged the aesthetic value of a webpage in an EEG-experiment. Screenshots of 150 webpages, judged as aesthetic or as unaesthetic...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Science and Medical Education","Human\u2013Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3440
1 citation
83 downloads
362 views

Background Individuals with stroke often have multiple cardiovascular risk factors that necessitate promoting engagement in multiple health behaviors. However, observational studies of individuals with stroke have typically focused on promoting a single health...

["Neurology","Nursing","Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3210
107 downloads
395 views

Background Low back pain (LBP) is the most common problem worldwide. There are several negative consequences of LBP, such as sleep disorders, work leave, disability, depression, anxiety, and poor quality of life. In this study, we designed to evaluate the prevalence...

["Kinesiology","Neurology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3282
1 citation
128 downloads
587 views

Background Exercise can change cellular structure and connectivity (neurogenesis or synaptogenesis), causing alterations in both behavior and working memory. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of exercise on working memory and hippocampal neurogenesis...

["Animal Behavior","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2976

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