Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

48 downloads
255 views

Background Little is known about the role of dietary intake in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which could prove important in improving clinical outcomes for people with obesity and/or cardiovascular disease within these populations. Reduction in energy intake typically...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3259
68 downloads
368 views

Background Synthesis of thyroid hormones and regulation of their metabolism involve free radicals that may affect redox balance in the body. Thyroid disorders causing variations in the levels of thyroid hormones may alter cellular oxidative stress. The aim of this...

["Biochemistry","Molecular Biology","Oncology","Medical Genetics","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3365
125 downloads
444 views

Stellaria dichotoma L. is widely distributed in Ningxia and surrounding areas in northwestern China. Its root, Radix Stellariae (RS), has been used in herbal formulae for treating asthenic-fever, infection, malaria, dyspepsia in children and several other symptoms....

["Molecular Biology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Global Health","Pharmacology","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3305
89 downloads
325 views

Background Nutritional programming takes place in early development. Variation in the quality and/or quantity of nutrients in early development can influence long-term health and viability. However, little is known about the mechanisms of nutritional programming....

["Animal Behavior","Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3275
64 downloads
353 views

Background Individuals with type 2 diabetes are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Alterations in circulating lipid levels, total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and triglycerides (TG) are heritable...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Translational Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3187
76 downloads
353 views

A period of starvation is regarded as a sound practice in aquaculture prior to handling, transportation and harvest, to minimise impacts on welfare and ensure proper hygiene after harvest. However, documentation of welfare issues such as stress following starvation...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Veterinary Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3273
1 citation
153 downloads
681 views

A metabolomic study has been performed to identify sensitive and robust biomarkers of malnutrition in farmed fish, using gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) as a model. The metabolomic fingerprinting of serum from fasted fish was assessed by means of ultra-high...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biochemistry","Bioinformatics","Nutrition","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2920
254 downloads
602 views

Background Subcutaneous adipose tissue is a rich source of adipose tissue macrophages and adipose-derived stem cells which both play a key role in wound repair. While macrophages can be divided into the classically-activated M1 and the alternatively-activated M2...

["Translational Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2824
145 downloads
559 views

Background Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis (MAH) is an emerging opportunistic human pathogen. It can cause pulmonary infections, lymphadenitis and disseminated infections in immuno-compromised patients. In addition, MAH is widespread in the environment,...

["Microbiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2833
127 downloads
459 views

Background White adipose tissue (WAT) is a complex, diffuse, multifunctional organ which contains adipocytes, and a large proportion of fat, but also other cell types, active in defense, regeneration and signalling functions. Studies with adipocytes often require...

["Cell Biology","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2725
195 downloads
605 views

Background Previous studies have examined the role of individuals’ personal characteristics in diabetes management and used the locus of control theory to assess adherence to a diabetes management regimen. These studies have emphasized that having internal locus...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Nursing","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2722
280 downloads
592 views

Selenium (Se) is an essential element with a small difference between physiological and toxic doses. To provide more effective and safe Se dosing regimens, as compared to dosing with ionic selenium, nanoparticle formulations have been developed. However, due to...

["Food Science and Technology","Toxicology","Pharmacology","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2601
2 citations
113 downloads
466 views

C1q TNF Related Protein 3 (CTRP3) is a novel adipose tissue derived secreted factor, or adipokine, which has been linked to a number of beneficial biological effects on metabolism, inflammation, and survival signaling in a variety of tissues. However, very little...

["Cardiology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Public Health","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2573
122 downloads
538 views

Background. A “cafeteria” diet is a self-selected high-fat diet, providing an excess of energy, which can induce obesity. Excess of lipids in the diet hampers glucose utilization eliciting insulin resistance, which, further limits amino acid oxidation for energy....

["Anatomy and Physiology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Hematology","Nutrition","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2302
106 downloads
525 views

Background. Generally, males display greater strength and muscle capacity than females while performing a task. Muscle biopsy is regarded as the reference method of evaluating muscle functions; however, it is invasive and has sampling errors, and is not practical...

["Neurology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2259

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