Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

26 downloads
925 views

Background Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a commonly used instrument for analysing segmental body composition (BC). The information from the scan guides the clinician in the treatment of conditions such as obesity and can be used to monitor recovery...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Kinesiology","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3880
63 downloads
438 views

Purpose The physiological mechanisms for alterations in oxygen utilization ( $\dot {\mathrm{V }}{\mathrm{O}}_{2}$ V ̇ O 2 ) and the energy cost of running (Cr) during prolonged running are not completely understood, and could be linked with alterations in muscle...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3694
31 downloads
178 views

Background Providing mobility skills training to manual wheelchair (MWC) users can have a positive impact on community participation, confidence and quality of life. Often such training is restricted or not provided at all because of the expense of, and limited...

["Clinical Trials","Geriatrics","Kinesiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3879
59 downloads
681 views

Background Locomotion results from the generation of ground reaction forces (GRF) that cause translations of the center of mass (COM) and generate moments that rotate the body around the COM. The trot is a diagonally-synchronized gait performed by horses at intermediate...

["Animal Behavior","Bioengineering","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3866
86 downloads
431 views

Background It has been believed that the contribution of fat oxidation to total energy expenditure is becoming negligible at higher exercise intensities (about 85% VO2max). The aim of the present study was to examine the changes in substrate oxidation during high-intensity...

["Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3769
89 downloads
502 views

Background Wii Fit was originally designed as a health and fitness interactive training experience for the general public. There are, however, many examples of Wii Fit being utilized in clinical settings. This article aims to identify the contribution of Wii Fit...

["Drugs and Devices","Geriatrics","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3600
607 downloads
5,650 views

Background Periodization is an important component of resistance training programs. It is meant to improve adherence to the training regimen, allow for constant progression, help in avoiding plateaus, and reduce occurrence and severity of injuries. Previous findings...

["Kinesiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3695
102 downloads
624 views

This article describes a public data set containing the three-dimensional kinematics of the whole human body and the ground reaction forces (with a dual force platform setup) of subjects who were standing still for 60 s in different conditions, in which the subjects’...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3626
180 downloads
571 views

Background Mechanical loading is crucial for muscle and tendon tissue remodeling. Eccentric heel drop exercise has been proven to be effective in the management of Achilles tendinopathy, yet its induced change in the mechanical property (i.e., stiffness) of the...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3592
132 downloads
869 views

This paper uses X-ray computed tomography to track the mechanical response of a vertebrate (Barnacle goose) long bone subjected to an axial compressive load, which is increased gradually until failure. A loading rig was mounted in an X-ray computed tomography system...

["Bioengineering","Kinesiology","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3416
78 downloads
453 views

Background Working memory is critical for various cognitive processes and can be separated into two stages: short-term memory storage and manipulation processing. Although previous studies have demonstrated that increased physical activity (PA) improves working...

["Kinesiology","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3430
231 downloads
1,180 views

Gastrocnemius-soleus equinus (GSE) is a foot-ankle complaint in which the extensibility of the gastrocnemius (G) and soleus muscles (triceps surae) and ankle are limited to a dorsiflexion beyond a neutral ankle position. The asymmetric forces of leg muscles and...

["Kinesiology","Orthopedics","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3388
127 downloads
399 views

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of open and closed sport participation on visuo-spatial attention and memory performance among young adults. Forty-eight young adults—16 open-skill athletes, 16 closed-skill athletes, and 16 non-athletes controls—were...

["Kinesiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3336
84 downloads
439 views

The evaluation of multisegment coordination is important in gaining a better understanding of the gait and physical activities in humans. Therefore, this study aims to verify whether the use of knee sleeves affects the coordination of lower-limb segments during...

["Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3340
166 downloads
502 views

Objective The present study was to determine the effect of a combined exercise and dietary program on cognitive function as well as the relationship between the program-induced weight change and cognitive function alterations. Design The study applies a quasi-experimental...

["Kinesiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3286

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