Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

38 downloads
307 views

Background Staphylococci are commensals of the mucosal surface and skin of humans and animals, but have been implicated in infections such as otitis externa, pyoderma, urinary tract infections and post-surgical complications. Laboratory records provide useful information...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3198
79 downloads
556 views

Contemporary patterns of land use and global climate change are modifying regional pools of parasite host species. The impact of host community changes on human disease risk, however, is difficult to assess due to a lack of information about zoonotic parasite host...

["Biogeography","Ecology","Entomology","Parasitology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3152
58 downloads
171 views

Background The diagnostic values of interferon-gamma release assays (IGRA) in tuberculosis (TB) vary a lot with different site of infections, with especially higher sensitivities in chronic forms of TB such as tuberculosis of the lymph node. We conducted a meta-analysis...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3136
29 downloads
233 views

Background With the possible implications of global warming, the effect of temperature on the dynamics of malaria vectors in Africa has become a subject of increasing interest. Information from the field is, however, relatively sparse. We describe the effect of...

["Ecology","Entomology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3099
61 downloads
512 views

Background The primary aim of the study reported here was to determine the effectiveness of utilizing local spatial variations in environmental data to uncover the statistical relationships between West Nile Virus (WNV) risk and environmental factors. Because least...

["Biogeography","Environmental Sciences","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3070
120 downloads
408 views

Background Zika virus (ZIKV) transmission has been reported in 67 countries/territories in the Oceania region and the Americas since 2015, prompting the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare ZIKV as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in February...

["Mathematical Biology","Virology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3015
42 downloads
255 views

Background This study evaluates two procedures for typing of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci; GBS) isolates, using retrospective typing data from the period 2010 to 2014 with a commercial latex agglutination test (latex test) and the Lancefield precipitation...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3105
141 downloads
704 views

Zika virus is a newly emergent mosquito-borne flavivirus that has caused recent large outbreaks in the new world, leading to dramatic increases in serious disease pathology including Guillain-Barre syndrome, newborn microcephaly, and infant brain damage. Although...

["Entomology","Virology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3096
55 downloads
263 views

Background Dengue is a global human public health threat, causing severe morbidity and mortality. The occurrence of sequential infection by more than one serotype of dengue virus (DENV) is a major contributing factor for the induction of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever...

["Molecular Biology","Virology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2970
85 downloads
400 views

American trypanosomiasis is a chronic and endemic disease which affects millions of people. Trypanosoma cruzi, its causative agent, has a life cycle that involves complex morphological and functional transitions, as well as a variety of environmental conditions....

["Biochemistry","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Parasitology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3017
167 downloads
553 views

Rhodomyrtone, a natural antimicrobial compound, displays potent activity against many Gram-positive pathogenic bacteria, comparable to last-defence antibiotics including vancomycin and daptomycin. Our previous studies pointed towards effects of rhodomyrtone on...

["Biochemistry","Computational Biology","Microbiology","Drugs and Devices","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2962
129 downloads
376 views

Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the leading causative pathogen in pediatric pneumonia and bacteremia throughout the world. The invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is known as isolation of S. pneumoniae from a normally sterile site (e.g., blood, cerebrospinal fluid,...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2941
150 downloads
754 views

From early 2012, a novel clone of vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecium (assigned the multi locus sequence type ST796) was simultaneously isolated from geographically separate hospitals in south eastern Australia and New Zealand. Here we describe the complete...

["Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2916
148 downloads
447 views

Klebsiella pneumoniae is responsible for numerous infections caused in hospitals, leading to mortality and morbidity. It has been evolving as a multi-drug resistant pathogen, acquiring multiple resistances such as such as horizontal gene transfer, transposon-mediated...

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2896
66 downloads
234 views

Background Malaria elimination campaigns are planned or active in many countries. The effects of malaria elimination on immune responses such as antigen-specific IFN- γ responses are not well characterized. Methods IFN- γ responses to the P. falciparum antigens...

["Immunology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2855

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