Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

42 downloads
187 views

Background The promising postsurgical weight loss and remission of type 2 diabetes (T2D) from bariatric surgery can be attributed to modified eating physiology after surgical procedures. We sought to investigate the changes in the parameters of consumption behaviors...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3090
46 downloads
191 views

Background and Aim The infection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is acquired in childhood and the prevalence vary greatly in different countries and regions. The study aimed to investigate the characteristics of H. pylori infection among children with gastrointestinal...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2937
307 downloads
958 views

Background Accumulating evidence indicates interactions between human milk composition, particularly sugars (human milk oligosaccharides or HMO), the gut microbiota of human infants, and behavioral effects. Some HMO secreted in human milk are unable to be endogenously...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2876
82 downloads
331 views

Background Liver disease has become an important cause of morbidity and mortality even in those HIV-infected individuals who are devoid of hepatitis virus co-infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of hepatic fibrosis and the role of associated...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","HIV","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2867
176 downloads
735 views

G1P[8] rotaviruses are responsible for the majority of human rotavirus infections worldwide. The effect of universal mass vaccination with rotavirus vaccines on circulating G1P[8] rotaviruses is still poorly understood. Therefore we analyzed the complete genomes...

["Virology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2733
205 downloads
443 views

This large-scale, controlled cohort study estimated the risks of lung cancer in patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) in Taiwan. We conducted this population-based study using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan during...

["Epidemiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2753
64 downloads
411 views

Background Preanalytic factors such as time and temperature can have significant effects on laboratory test results. For example, ammonium concentration will increase 31% in blood samples stored at room temperature for 30 min before centrifugation. To reduce preanalytic...

["Biochemistry","Veterinary Medicine","Emergency and Critical Care","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Hematology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2732
80 downloads
446 views

This study investigated the mechanism of protein disulfide-isomerase A3 (PDIA3)-induced visceral hypersensitivity in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Rats were treated with saline (control), acetic acid and restraint stress (IBS model), empty vector (RNAi control)...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2644
169 downloads
689 views

Background Observational studies have shown inconsistent results regarding alcohol consumption and risk of fatty liver. We performed a meta-analysis of published literature to investigate the association between alcohol consumption and fatty liver disease (FLD)....

["Evidence Based Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2633
149 downloads
477 views

Background Several genes and their single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with either spontaneous resolution of hepatitis C infection or better treatment-induced viral clearance. We tested a cohort of intravenous drug users (IVDU) diagnosed with...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Immunology","Infectious Diseases","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2576
101 downloads
509 views

Antibiotics are a vital and commonly used therapeutic tool, but their use also results in profound changes in the intestinal microbiota that can, in turn, have significant health consequences. Understanding how the microbiota recovers after antibiotic treatment...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Immunology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2518
351 downloads
1,177 views

Background Parenteral nutrition associated cholestasis (PNAC) is a frequently observed pathology in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Its pathogenesis is determined by the composition and duration of parenteral nutrition (PN) as well as the tolerance of...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2483
998 downloads
679 views

Background Laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LC) are generally performed in a 12 mmHg-pressured pneumoperitoneum in a slight sitting position. Considerable thromboembolism risk arises in this operation due to pneumoperitoneum, operation position and risk factors...

["Anaesthesiology and Pain Management","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Hematology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2375
2 citations
185 downloads
697 views

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical and diagnostic performance of sub-milliSievert ultralow-dose (ULD) CT colonograpy (CTC) in the detection of colonic and extracolonic lesions. Materials and Methods. CTC with standard dose (SD) and...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1883
2 citations
126 downloads
794 views

Crohn’s disease (CD) is a prominent type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract. CD is known to have higher prevalence in the Western countries, but the number of cases has been increasing in the past decades...

["Genetics","Molecular Biology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1843

Top subject areas - Articles

Top subject areas - People

View all subject areas