Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

105 downloads
392 views

Prebiotics are selectively fermentable dietary compounds that result in changes in the composition and/or activity of the intestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefits upon host health. In veterinary medicine, commercially available products containing prebiotics...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3184
1 citation
132 downloads
397 views

Background The promising postsurgical weight loss and remission of type 2 diabetes (T2D) from bariatric surgery can be attributed to modified eating physiology after surgical procedures. We sought to investigate the changes in the parameters of consumption behaviors...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3090
59 downloads
273 views

Background and Aim The infection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is acquired in childhood and the prevalence vary greatly in different countries and regions. The study aimed to investigate the characteristics of H. pylori infection among children with gastrointestinal...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2937
355 downloads
1,111 views

Background Accumulating evidence indicates interactions between human milk composition, particularly sugars (human milk oligosaccharides or HMO), the gut microbiota of human infants, and behavioral effects. Some HMO secreted in human milk are unable to be endogenously...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2876
102 downloads
408 views

Background Liver disease has become an important cause of morbidity and mortality even in those HIV-infected individuals who are devoid of hepatitis virus co-infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of hepatic fibrosis and the role of associated...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","HIV","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2867
198 downloads
803 views

G1P[8] rotaviruses are responsible for the majority of human rotavirus infections worldwide. The effect of universal mass vaccination with rotavirus vaccines on circulating G1P[8] rotaviruses is still poorly understood. Therefore we analyzed the complete genomes...

["Virology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2733
225 downloads
526 views

This large-scale, controlled cohort study estimated the risks of lung cancer in patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) in Taiwan. We conducted this population-based study using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan during...

["Epidemiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2753
79 downloads
460 views

Background Preanalytic factors such as time and temperature can have significant effects on laboratory test results. For example, ammonium concentration will increase 31% in blood samples stored at room temperature for 30 min before centrifugation. To reduce preanalytic...

["Biochemistry","Veterinary Medicine","Emergency and Critical Care","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Hematology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2732
89 downloads
492 views

This study investigated the mechanism of protein disulfide-isomerase A3 (PDIA3)-induced visceral hypersensitivity in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Rats were treated with saline (control), acetic acid and restraint stress (IBS model), empty vector (RNAi control)...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2644
189 downloads
775 views

Background Observational studies have shown inconsistent results regarding alcohol consumption and risk of fatty liver. We performed a meta-analysis of published literature to investigate the association between alcohol consumption and fatty liver disease (FLD)....

["Evidence Based Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2633
170 downloads
556 views

Background Several genes and their single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with either spontaneous resolution of hepatitis C infection or better treatment-induced viral clearance. We tested a cohort of intravenous drug users (IVDU) diagnosed with...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Immunology","Infectious Diseases","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2576
108 downloads
569 views

Antibiotics are a vital and commonly used therapeutic tool, but their use also results in profound changes in the intestinal microbiota that can, in turn, have significant health consequences. Understanding how the microbiota recovers after antibiotic treatment...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Immunology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2518
444 downloads
1,343 views

Background Parenteral nutrition associated cholestasis (PNAC) is a frequently observed pathology in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Its pathogenesis is determined by the composition and duration of parenteral nutrition (PN) as well as the tolerance of...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2483
1,006 downloads
736 views

Background Laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LC) are generally performed in a 12 mmHg-pressured pneumoperitoneum in a slight sitting position. Considerable thromboembolism risk arises in this operation due to pneumoperitoneum, operation position and risk factors...

["Anaesthesiology and Pain Management","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Hematology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2375
2 citations
228 downloads
764 views

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical and diagnostic performance of sub-milliSievert ultralow-dose (ULD) CT colonograpy (CTC) in the detection of colonic and extracolonic lesions. Materials and Methods. CTC with standard dose (SD) and...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1883

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