Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

33 downloads
194 views

Background High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a well-known damage-related alarmin that participates in cellular inflammatory responses. However, the mechanisms leading to HMGB1 release in inflammatory conditions and the therapeutic agents that could prevent it...

["Biotechnology","Toxicology","Drugs and Devices","Evidence Based Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3808
77 downloads
370 views

Introduction Different types of headaches and TMJ click influence the masseter muscle activity. The aim of this study was to assess the trend of energy level of the electromyography (EMG) activity of the masseter muscle during open-close clench cycles in migraine...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Evidence Based Medicine","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3556
1 citation
85 downloads
293 views

Background Quercus infectoria G. Olivier (Fagaceae) nutgalls have been widely employed in traditional Asian medicine for several treatments, especially wounds and skin disorders. However, the effects of this plant on wound healing have not yet been clearly elucidated....

["Dermatology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Evidence Based Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3608
205 downloads
462 views

Aim To evaluate the effects of sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibition on renal function and albuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods We conducted systematic searches of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials up...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Evidence Based Medicine","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3405
73 downloads
339 views

Background Little is known about the role of dietary intake in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which could prove important in improving clinical outcomes for people with obesity and/or cardiovascular disease within these populations. Reduction in energy intake typically...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3259
1 citation
83 downloads
397 views

Purpose To assess the overall quality of published urological meta-analyses and identify predictive factors for high quality. Materials and Methods We systematically searched PubMed to identify meta-analyses published from January 1st, 2011 to December 31st, 2015...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3129
119 downloads
331 views

Background The diagnostic values of interferon-gamma release assays (IGRA) in tuberculosis (TB) vary a lot with different site of infections, with especially higher sensitivities in chronic forms of TB such as tuberculosis of the lymph node. We conducted a meta-analysis...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3136
246 downloads
753 views

Introduction Hospital readmissions are common, expensive, and a key target of the Medicare Value Based Purchasing (VBP) program. Validated risk assessment tools such as the HOSPITAL score and LACE index have been developed to identify patients at high risk of hospital...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3137
101 downloads
366 views

Previous studies have investigated the association between cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) polymorphisms and breast cancer susceptibility, but the results remained inconsistent. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship between four common CTLA-4 polymorphisms...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Oncology","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2815
1 citation
351 downloads
847 views

Background New reliable devices for range of motion (ROM) measures in older adults are necessary to improve knowledge about the functional capability in this population. Dorsiflexion ROM limitation is associated with ankle injuries, foot pain, lower limb disorders,...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Geriatrics","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2820
1 citation
286 downloads
673 views

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) may promote the development and progression of human cancers. Therefore, components of the miRNA biogenesis pathway may play critical roles in human cancer. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) or mutations in genes involved in the miRNA biogenesis...

["Genetics","Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2706
242 downloads
870 views

Background Observational studies have shown inconsistent results regarding alcohol consumption and risk of fatty liver. We performed a meta-analysis of published literature to investigate the association between alcohol consumption and fatty liver disease (FLD)....

["Evidence Based Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2633
284 downloads
682 views

Background The benefit of maintenance therapy has been confirmed in patients with non-progressing non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after first-line therapy by many trials and meta-analyses. However, since few head-to-head trials between different regimens have...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Oncology","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2550
8 citations
594 downloads
2,152 views

Context Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most frequent gastrointestinal emergency in neonates. The microbiome of the preterm gut may regulate the integrity of the intestinal mucosa. Probiotics may positively contribute to mucosal integrity, potentially reducing...

["Clinical Trials","Drugs and Devices","Evidence Based Medicine","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2429
234 downloads
745 views

Introduction Hospital readmissions are common, expensive, and a key target of the Medicare Value Based Purchasing (VBP) program. Risk assessment tools have been developed to identify patients at high risk of hospital readmission so they can be targeted for interventions...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Internal Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2441

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