Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

12 downloads
159 views

Background C-X-C chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) has important implications in breast cancer (BC) pathogenesis. It is selectively expressed on B and T lymphocytes and is involved in hematopoiesis, thymocyte trafficking, stem cell motility, neovascularization, and...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genetics","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3822
31 downloads
161 views

Background Dengue viral infection is an acute infection that has the potential to have severe complications as its major sequela. Currently, there is no routine laboratory biomarker with which to predict the severity of dengue infection or monitor the effectiveness...

["Microbiology","Virology","Epidemiology","Immunology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3589
51 downloads
626 views

Background We aimed to determine the prevalence of vaginal colonization by Gardnerella vaginalis and of bacterial vaginosis (BV) in Portuguese pregnant women, and to identify risk factors for BV and G. vaginalis colonization in pregnancy. Methods A cross-sectional...

["Epidemiology","Gynecology and Obstetrics","Infectious Diseases","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3750
46 downloads
408 views

Background The cause−effect relation between periodontal inflammatory disease (PID) and Parkinson’s disease (PD) remains uncertain. The purpose of our study was to investigate the association between PID and PD. Methods We conducted a retrospective matched-cohort...

["Dentistry","Epidemiology","Neurology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3647
78 downloads
425 views

Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) serve as vectors of several mammalian and avian diseases, including bluetongue, Schmallenberg, African horse sickness, avian malaria and Oropouche. Host preference investigations are necessary to assess the transmission routes...

["Entomology","Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3478
48 downloads
686 views

Background Cannabis use and cannabis regulatory policies recently re-surfaced as noteworthy global research and social media topics, including claims that Mexicans have been sending cannabis and other drug supplies through a porous border into the United States....

["Epidemiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3616
47 downloads
292 views

Background There is currently no study that has evaluated the differences in epidemiological and clinical characteristics among rosacea patients according to different facial sites. Methods Clinical and demographic data were obtained from 586 rosacea patients....

["Dermatology","Epidemiology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3527
47 downloads
324 views

Background Other studies have assessed nonadherence to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), but none has developed a screening test for its detection. Objectives To construct and internally validate a predictive model for nonadherence to PPIs. Methods This prospective...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Pharmacology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3455
141 downloads
981 views

Background In Burkina Faso, it is not uncommon for mothers to drink alcohol, even during pregnancy. We aimed to study the association between maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and the child’s cognitive performance using the Kaufman Assessment Battery...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3507
71 downloads
361 views

Background Low childhood socioeconomic position (cSEP) is associated with poorer adult health, even after adult socioeconomic position (aSEP) is adjusted for. However, whether cSEP and aSEP combine additively or non-additively in predicting adult health is less...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3528
75 downloads
440 views

Background The microbiome of built environment surfaces is impacted by the presence of humans. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that analysis of surface swabs from clinic toilet/bathroom yields results correlated with sexually transmitted infection (STI)...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3487
73 downloads
339 views

Background Little is known about the role of dietary intake in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which could prove important in improving clinical outcomes for people with obesity and/or cardiovascular disease within these populations. Reduction in energy intake typically...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3259
75 downloads
377 views

Empirical and mechanistic modeling indicate that pathogens transmitted via aerially dispersed inoculum follow a power law, resulting in dispersive epidemic waves. The spread parameter (b) of the power law model, which is an indicator of the distance of the epidemic...

["Ecology","Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3465
109 downloads
224 views

Haemophilus parasuis, the causative agent of Glässer’s disease, has been reported as widespread, but little is known about its epidemiology in the Sichuan province of China. The goal of our research is to reveal the prevalence and distribution of H. parasuis in...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3379
76 downloads
421 views

Background There is a lack of instruments and studies written in Spanish evaluating physical fitness, impeding the determination of the current status of this important health indicator in the Latin population, especially in Colombia. The aim of the study was two-fold:...

["Epidemiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3351

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