Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

13 downloads
115 views

Background With the possible implications of global warming, the effect of temperature on the dynamics of malaria vectors in Africa has become a subject of increasing interest. Information from the field is, however, relatively sparse. We describe the effect of...

["Ecology","Entomology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3099
22 downloads
155 views

Background The primary aim of the study reported here was to determine the effectiveness of utilizing local spatial variations in environmental data to uncover the statistical relationships between West Nile Virus (WNV) risk and environmental factors. Because least...

["Biogeography","Environmental Sciences","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3070
33 downloads
218 views

Background and Objective The Korean version of the EQ-5D-Y was launched in 2015 by the EuroQol group. Currently, there is no HRQOL data obtained by using the EQ-5D-Y in Korea. This study aimed to measure health-related quality of life of Korean elementary school...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Health Policy","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3115
75 downloads
269 views

Background Zika virus (ZIKV) transmission has been reported in 67 countries/territories in the Oceania region and the Americas since 2015, prompting the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare ZIKV as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in February...

["Mathematical Biology","Virology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3015
34 downloads
211 views

Background This study evaluates two procedures for typing of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci; GBS) isolates, using retrospective typing data from the period 2010 to 2014 with a commercial latex agglutination test (latex test) and the Lancefield precipitation...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3105
42 downloads
177 views

Background Dengue is a global human public health threat, causing severe morbidity and mortality. The occurrence of sequential infection by more than one serotype of dengue virus (DENV) is a major contributing factor for the induction of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever...

["Molecular Biology","Virology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2970
1,169 downloads
10,074 views

Importance Case reports describe persistent erectile dysfunction (PED) associated with exposure to 5α-reductase inhibitors (5α-RIs). Clinical trial reports and the manufacturers’ full prescribing information (FPI) for finasteride and dutasteride state that risk...

["Dermatology","Epidemiology","Internal Medicine","Pharmacology","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3020
56 downloads
278 views

Background The macro environment we live in projects what we can achieve and how we behave, and in turn, shapes our health in complex ways. Policymaking will benefit from insights into the mechanisms underlying how national socioeconomic context affects health....

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3053
62 downloads
485 views

Background Several recent studies have shown that total scores on depressive symptom measures in a general population approximate an exponential pattern except for the lower end of the distribution. Furthermore, we confirmed that the exponential pattern is present...

["Epidemiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2987
182 downloads
604 views

Background Manual anthropometric measurements are time-consuming and challenging to perform within acceptable intra- and inter-individual error margins in large studies. Three-dimensional (3D) laser body scanners provide a fast and precise alternative: within a...

["Anthropology","Anatomy and Physiology","Epidemiology","Public Health","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2980
116 downloads
341 views

Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the leading causative pathogen in pediatric pneumonia and bacteremia throughout the world. The invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is known as isolation of S. pneumoniae from a normally sterile site (e.g., blood, cerebrospinal fluid,...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2941
137 downloads
698 views

From early 2012, a novel clone of vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecium (assigned the multi locus sequence type ST796) was simultaneously isolated from geographically separate hospitals in south eastern Australia and New Zealand. Here we describe the complete...

["Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2916
122 downloads
323 views

Background Although the relationship between a history of kidney stones and chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been explored in many studies, it is still far from being well understood. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies comparing rates of CKD in patients...

["Epidemiology","Nephrology","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2907
129 downloads
246 views

Background Chronically escalated parent–child conflict has been observed to elicit maladaptive behavior and reduced psychological well-being in children and youth. In this epidemiological study, we sought to estimate the occurrence of escalated parent–child conflict...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2905
664 downloads
5,304 views

Background Increasing population-levels of physical activity (PA) is a controversial strategy for managing the obesity epidemic, given the conflicting evidence for weight loss from PA alone per se. We measured PA and weight change in a three-year prospective cohort...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2902

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