Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

452 downloads
408 views

Background Antimicrobial use in livestock production is an important contemporary issue, which is of public interest worldwide. Antimicrobials are not freely available to Austrian farmers and can only be administered to livestock by veterinarians, or by farmers...

["Agricultural Science","Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4072
41 downloads
183 views

Aims Periodontitis and psoriatic disease, including psoriasis (PS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA), share the common risk factors and co-morbidities. However, the risk of periodontitis in patients with psoriatic disease still needs further investigation. This study...

["Dentistry","Dermatology","Epidemiology","Public Health","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4064
34 downloads
184 views

Outdoor transmission of malaria and other vector borne diseases remains a problem. The WHO has recently recognized the need for suitable methods for assessing vector density outdoors and a number of tent-traps have been developed. Only one such trap, the Furvela...

["Ecology","Entomology","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3848
30 downloads
441 views

The core antigen of the hepatitis C virus (HCV Ag) presents an alternative marker to HCV RNA when screening patients for HCV viremia. This study sought to evaluate the utility of HCV Ag as a marker to assess active HCV infection in individuals residing in an HCV-endemic...

["Molecular Biology","Virology","Epidemiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4008
47 downloads
284 views

Background Self-medication refers to the use of medicines to treat self-diagnosed diseases without consulting any healthcare professionals. Irrational drug use and self-medication have serious negative consequences both on health and economy. Therefore, the aim...

["Epidemiology","Pharmacology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3990
73 downloads
666 views

Background Like other health professionals, community pharmacists are exposed to stress factors (being efficient, avoiding mistakes and bearing emotional load), but they are also under the pressure of entrepreneurial responsibilities. The main objective was to...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3973
53 downloads
646 views

Households are an important location for the transmission of communicable diseases. Social contact between household members is typically more frequent, of greater intensity, and is more likely to involve people of different age groups than contact occurring in...

["Anthropology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3958
54 downloads
1,054 views

Background Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a commonly used instrument for analysing segmental body composition (BC). The information from the scan guides the clinician in the treatment of conditions such as obesity and can be used to monitor recovery...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Kinesiology","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3880
40 downloads
180 views

Background In late 2015, cut-off points were published for foveal thickness to diagnose diabetic macular oedema taking into account the presence of intraretinal fluid using optical coherence tomography (OCT) in primary care patients (90 µm in the presence of intraretinal...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Ophthalmology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3922
156 downloads
1,269 views

Background As next generation sequence technology has advanced, there have been parallel advances in genome-scale analysis programs for determining evolutionary relationships as proxies for epidemiological relationship in public health. Most new programs skip traditional...

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Food Science and Technology","Genomics","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3893
68 downloads
358 views

Objective The objective of this study is to conduct a systematic review of multi-scale HIV immunoepidemiological models to improve our understanding of the synergistic impact between the HIV viral-immune dynamics at the individual level and HIV transmission dynamics...

["Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","HIV","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3877
82 downloads
388 views

Background C-X-C chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) has important implications in breast cancer (BC) pathogenesis. It is selectively expressed on B and T lymphocytes and is involved in hematopoiesis, thymocyte trafficking, stem cell motility, neovascularization, and...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genetics","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3822
155 downloads
549 views

Background Dengue viral infection is an acute infection that has the potential to have severe complications as its major sequela. Currently, there is no routine laboratory biomarker with which to predict the severity of dengue infection or monitor the effectiveness...

["Microbiology","Virology","Epidemiology","Immunology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3589
106 downloads
863 views

Background We aimed to determine the prevalence of vaginal colonization by Gardnerella vaginalis and of bacterial vaginosis (BV) in Portuguese pregnant women, and to identify risk factors for BV and G. vaginalis colonization in pregnancy. Methods A cross-sectional...

["Epidemiology","Gynecology and Obstetrics","Infectious Diseases","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3750
88 downloads
588 views

Background The cause−effect relation between periodontal inflammatory disease (PID) and Parkinson’s disease (PD) remains uncertain. The purpose of our study was to investigate the association between PID and PD. Methods We conducted a retrospective matched-cohort...

["Dentistry","Epidemiology","Neurology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3647

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