Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

23 downloads
207 views

Background Electronic Health Record (EHR)-based sepsis alert systems have failed to demonstrate improvements in clinically meaningful endpoints. However, the effect of implementation barriers on the success of new sepsis alert systems is rarely explored. Objective...

["Bioinformatics","Emergency and Critical Care","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3083
53 downloads
182 views

Background Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) results and aggravates in secondary brain injury, which seriously affects the prognosis of severe traumatic brain injury patients. Although several studies have focused on the treatment of PSH, few have concentrated...

["Drugs and Devices","Emergency and Critical Care","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2986
114 downloads
334 views

Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the leading causative pathogen in pediatric pneumonia and bacteremia throughout the world. The invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is known as isolation of S. pneumoniae from a normally sterile site (e.g., blood, cerebrospinal fluid,...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2941
64 downloads
408 views

Background Preanalytic factors such as time and temperature can have significant effects on laboratory test results. For example, ammonium concentration will increase 31% in blood samples stored at room temperature for 30 min before centrifugation. To reduce preanalytic...

["Biochemistry","Veterinary Medicine","Emergency and Critical Care","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Hematology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2732
136 downloads
630 views

Objective. We hypothesized that a significant percentage of patients who are referred to the Emergency Department (ED) after calling their primary care physician’s (PCP) office receive such instructions without the input of a physician. Methods. We enrolled a convenience...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Nursing","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1507
132 downloads
681 views

The effects of isoflurane on the determinants of blood flow during Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery are not completely understood. This study characterized the influence of isoflurane on the diastolic Pressure-Flow (P-F) relationship and Critical Occlusion...

["Anaesthesiology and pain management","Cardiology","Clinical trials","Emergency and critical care","Surgery and surgical specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1619
88 downloads
651 views

Background. Many proponents for healthcare reform suggest increased cost-sharing by patients as a method to reduce overall expenditures. Prior studies on the effects of co-payments for ED visits have generally not been directed toward understanding patient attitudes/behavior...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Health Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1544
996 downloads
814 views

The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors of hypoalbuminemia and effects of different albumin levels on the prognosis of surgical septic patients. We preformed a retrospective clinical study including 135 adult patients from September 2011 to June...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1267
927 downloads
1,061 views

In the complex environment of intensive care units, needs of patients’ relatives might be seen as the lowest priority. On the other hand, because of their patients’ critical and often uncertain conditions, stress levels of relatives are quite high. This study aims...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Health Policy","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1208
1 citation
751 downloads
1,026 views

Introduction. Hospital readmission within 30 days of discharge is a target for health care cost savings through the medicare Value Based Purchasing initiative. Because of this focus, hospitals and health systems are investing considerable resources into the identification...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Hematology","Internal Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1181
357 downloads
901 views

Although family medicine (FM) is the most commonly practiced specialty among all the medical specialties, its practice patterns have seldom been analyzed. Looking at data from Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Research Database, the current study analyzed ambulatory...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Health Policy","Internal Medicine","Nursing","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1145
405 downloads
896 views

Background and Objectives. Glycemic control is of paramount importance in the intensive care unit. Presently, several BG control algorithms have been developed for clinical trials, but they are mostly based on experts’ opinion and consensus. There are no validated...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1005
1 citation
176 downloads
674 views

Objective. A single PAN scan may provide more radiation to a patient than is felt to be safe within a one-year period. Our objective was to determine how many patients admitted to the trauma service following a PAN scan had prior CT imaging within our six-hospital...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Public Health","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.963
2 citations
339 downloads
839 views

Background. Cultural differences and language barriers may adversely impact patients with respect to understanding the risks/benefits of medical testing.Objective. We hypothesized that there would be no difference in Hispanic vs. non-Hispanic patients’ knowledge...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.937
229 downloads
675 views

Objective. Mobile phones have been successfully used for Emergency Department (ED) patient follow-up in developed countries. Mobile phones are widely available in developing countries and may offer a similar potential for follow-up and continued care of ED patients...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Global Health","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.790

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