Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

87 downloads
427 views

Background Few studies compared the diagnostic value of procalcitonin with a combination of other tests including lactate and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in the prediction of pathogenic bacteremia in emergency department adult patients. Methods We performed...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4094
140 downloads
3,662 views

Background The study objective was to investigate and synthesize available evidence relating to the psychological health of Emergency Dispatch Centre (EDC) operatives, and to identify key stressors experienced by EDC operatives. Methods Eight electronic databases...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3735
179 downloads
1,932 views

Objective Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is a life-saving procedure used in the treatment of severe cardiogenic shock. Within this retrospective single centre study, we examined our experience in this critically ill patient cohort to assess outcomes and clinical...

["Cardiology","Clinical Trials","Emergency and Critical Care","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3813
1 citation
124 downloads
699 views

Background New-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in critically ill patients. Although evidence base and expert consensus opinion for management have been summarised in several international guidelines, no specific considerations for critically...

["Anaesthesiology and Pain Management","Cardiology","Emergency and Critical Care"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3716
132 downloads
519 views

Background Electronic Health Record (EHR)-based sepsis alert systems have failed to demonstrate improvements in clinically meaningful endpoints. However, the effect of implementation barriers on the success of new sepsis alert systems is rarely explored. Objective...

["Bioinformatics","Emergency and Critical Care","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3083
168 downloads
529 views

Background Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) results and aggravates in secondary brain injury, which seriously affects the prognosis of severe traumatic brain injury patients. Although several studies have focused on the treatment of PSH, few have concentrated...

["Drugs and Devices","Emergency and Critical Care","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2986
269 downloads
585 views

Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the leading causative pathogen in pediatric pneumonia and bacteremia throughout the world. The invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is known as isolation of S. pneumoniae from a normally sterile site (e.g., blood, cerebrospinal fluid,...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2941
139 downloads
677 views

Background Preanalytic factors such as time and temperature can have significant effects on laboratory test results. For example, ammonium concentration will increase 31% in blood samples stored at room temperature for 30 min before centrifugation. To reduce preanalytic...

["Biochemistry","Veterinary Medicine","Emergency and Critical Care","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Hematology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2732
189 downloads
826 views

Objective. We hypothesized that a significant percentage of patients who are referred to the Emergency Department (ED) after calling their primary care physician’s (PCP) office receive such instructions without the input of a physician. Methods. We enrolled a convenience...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Nursing","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1507
180 downloads
948 views

The effects of isoflurane on the determinants of blood flow during Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery are not completely understood. This study characterized the influence of isoflurane on the diastolic Pressure-Flow (P-F) relationship and Critical Occlusion...

["Anaesthesiology and pain management","Cardiology","Clinical trials","Emergency and critical care","Surgery and surgical specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1619
140 downloads
924 views

Background. Many proponents for healthcare reform suggest increased cost-sharing by patients as a method to reduce overall expenditures. Prior studies on the effects of co-payments for ED visits have generally not been directed toward understanding patient attitudes/behavior...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Health Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1544
1 citation
1,308 downloads
1,201 views

The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors of hypoalbuminemia and effects of different albumin levels on the prognosis of surgical septic patients. We preformed a retrospective clinical study including 135 adult patients from September 2011 to June...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1267
1 citation
1,066 downloads
1,325 views

In the complex environment of intensive care units, needs of patients’ relatives might be seen as the lowest priority. On the other hand, because of their patients’ critical and often uncertain conditions, stress levels of relatives are quite high. This study aims...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Health Policy","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1208
1 citation
987 downloads
1,294 views

Introduction. Hospital readmission within 30 days of discharge is a target for health care cost savings through the medicare Value Based Purchasing initiative. Because of this focus, hospitals and health systems are investing considerable resources into the identification...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Hematology","Internal Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1181
1 citation
424 downloads
1,241 views

Although family medicine (FM) is the most commonly practiced specialty among all the medical specialties, its practice patterns have seldom been analyzed. Looking at data from Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Research Database, the current study analyzed ambulatory...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Health Policy","Internal Medicine","Nursing","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1145

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