Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

72 downloads
466 views

Background Disturbances in mineral and bone metabolism represent one of the most complex complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Serotonin, a monoamine synthesized from tryptophan, may play a potential role in bone metabolism. Brain-derived serotonin exerts...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Nephrology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3199
327 downloads
1,346 views

Synapsida, the clade including therapsids and thus also mammals, is one of the two major branches of amniotes. Organismal design, with modularity as a concept, offers insights into the evolution of therapsids, a group that experienced profound anatomical transformations...

["Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience","Paleontology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3119
95 downloads
976 views

Background Kettlebell lifting has gained increased popularity as both a form of resistance training and as a sport, despite the paucity of literature validating its use as a training tool. Kettlebell sport requires participants to complete the kettlebell snatch...

["Bioengineering","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3111
256 downloads
1,315 views

The patella is a sesamoid bone located in the major extensor tendon of the knee joint, in the hindlimb of many tetrapods. Although numerous aspects of knee morphology are ancient and conserved among most tetrapods, the evolutionary occurrence of an ossified patella...

["Evolutionary Studies","Palaeontology","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3103
71 downloads
311 views

Background The Non-Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve (NRLN) is a rare embryologically-derived variant of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve (RLN). The presence of an NRLN significantly increases the risk of iatrogenic injury and operative complications. Our aim was to provide...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3012
92 downloads
528 views

In legged terrestrial locomotion, the duration of stance phase, i.e., when limbs are in contact with the substrate, is positively correlated with limb length, and negatively correlated with the metabolic cost of transport. These relationships are well documented...

["Evolutionary Studies","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3008
202 downloads
733 views

Background Manual anthropometric measurements are time-consuming and challenging to perform within acceptable intra- and inter-individual error margins in large studies. Three-dimensional (3D) laser body scanners provide a fast and precise alternative: within a...

["Anthropology","Anatomy and Physiology","Epidemiology","Public Health","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2980
136 downloads
484 views

Background Individuals with unilateral lower limb amputation have a high risk of developing knee osteoarthritis (OA) in their intact limb as they age. This risk may be related to joint loading experienced earlier in life. We hypothesized that loading during walking...

["Bioengineering","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2960
131 downloads
650 views

The ostrich is a highly cursorial bipedal land animal with a permanently elevated metatarsophalangeal joint supported by only two toes. Although locomotor kinematics in walking and running ostriches have been examined, these studies have been largely limited to...

["Animal Behavior","Bioengineering","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2857
5,933 downloads
40,338 views

The purpose of this study was to test the anabolic window theory by investigating muscle strength, hypertrophy, and body composition changes in response to an equal dose of protein consumed either immediately pre- versus post-resistance training (RT) in trained...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2825
190 downloads
723 views

Background Alterations in skeletal muscle function and architecture have been linked to the compromised exercise capacity characterizing chronic heart failure (CHF). However, how passive skeletal muscle force is affected in CHF is not clear. Understanding passive...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Anatomy and Physiology","Cardiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2447
1 citation
263 downloads
1,073 views

Background Measurement of lumbar spine range of motion (ROM) is often considered to be an essential component of lumbar spine physiotherapy and orthopedic assessment. The measurement can be carried out through various instruments such as inclinometers, goniometers,...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2355
1,141 downloads
7,894 views

The modified Thomas test was developed to assess the presence of hip flexion contracture and to measure hip extensibility. Despite its widespread use, to the authors’ knowledge, its criterion reference validity has not yet been investigated. The purpose of this...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2325
1 citation
142 downloads
1,009 views

Background. Mammalian hibernation in thirteen-lined ground squirrels (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus) is characterized by dramatic changes on a physiological and molecular level. During hibernation, mammalian hearts show a propensity to hypertrophy due to the need...

["Biochemistry","Molecular Biology","Anatomy and Physiology","Cardiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2317
191 downloads
781 views

To date, most studies use surface electromyographic (sEMG) signals as the control source on active rehabilitation robots, and unilateral data are collected based on the gait symmetry hypothesis, which has caused much controversy. The purpose of this study is to...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2315

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