Peer-reviewed Articles - General

17 downloads
82 views

Evaluation of depth of anaesthesia (DoA) is critical in clinical surgery. Indices derived from electroencephalogram (EEG) are currently widely used to quantify DoA. However, there are known to be inaccurate under certain conditions; therefore, experienced anaesthesiologists...

["Anaesthesiology and Pain Management","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4067
57 downloads
256 views

A matrix population model is a convenient tool for summarizing per capita survival and reproduction rates (collectively vital rates) of a population and can be used for calculating an asymptotic finite population growth rate (λ) and generation time. These two pieces...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Statistics","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3971
190 downloads
1,013 views

Background Differential expression analysis on the basis of RNA-Seq count data has become a standard tool in transcriptomics. Several studies have shown that prior normalization of the data is crucial for a reliable detection of transcriptional differences. Until...

["Bioinformatics","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3859
170 downloads
829 views

Ecological studies often are subjected to unintentional biases, suggesting that improved research designs for hypothesis testing should be used. Double-blind ecological studies are rare but necessary to minimize sampling biases and omission errors, and improve...

["Biogeography","Ecology","Entomology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3903
110 downloads
586 views

RNA-Seq is a recent and efficient technique that uses the capabilities of next-generation sequencing technology for characterizing and quantifying transcriptomes. One important task using gene-expression data is to identify a small subset of genes that can be used...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Statistics","Medical Genetics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3890
69 downloads
461 views

Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) is an important cool-season, annual forage crop for the grassland rotation system in Southern China. The primary aim of breeding programs is always to seek to improve forage quality in the animal productivity system; however,...

["Agricultural Science","Biochemistry","Plant Science","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3867
1 citation
80 downloads
351 views

Background Respondent fatigue, also known as survey fatigue, is a common problem in the collection of survey data. Factors that are known to influence respondent fatigue include survey length, survey topic, question complexity, and open-ended question type. There...

["Anaesthesiology and Pain Management","Global Health","Statistics","Human\u2013Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3785
95 downloads
501 views

RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) enables the measurement and comparison of gene expression with isoform-level quantification. Differences in the effect of each isoform may make traditional methods, which aggregate isoforms, ineffective. Here, we introduce a variance component-based...

["Bioinformatics","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3797
75 downloads
838 views

Background Cannabis use and cannabis regulatory policies recently re-surfaced as noteworthy global research and social media topics, including claims that Mexicans have been sending cannabis and other drug supplies through a porous border into the United States....

["Epidemiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3616
145 downloads
473 views

The skyline plot is a graphical representation of historical effective population sizes as a function of time. Past population sizes for these plots are estimated from genetic data, without a priori assumptions on the mathematical function defining the shape of...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3530
2 citations
995 downloads
8,266 views

The widespread use of ‘statistical significance’ as a license for making a claim of a scientific finding leads to considerable distortion of the scientific process (according to the American Statistical Association). We review why degrading p-values into ‘significant’...

["Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3544
95 downloads
623 views

Fourteen of the best sampled Oligo-Miocene local faunas from the Riversleigh World Heritage Area, north-western Queensland, Australia are analysed using classification and ordination techniques to identify potential mammalian palaeocommunities and palaeocommunity...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Palaeontology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3511
1 citation
120 downloads
496 views

Seawater temperature anomalies associated with warming climate have been linked to increases in coral disease outbreaks that have contributed to coral reef declines globally. However, little is known about how seasonal scale variations in environmental factors...

["Marine Biology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3438
102 downloads
534 views

The purpose of this study was to verify a theoretical model of parents’ responses to difficulties they experienced with their child. The model presents relationships between seven variables: (a) discrepancy between parental goal and the child’s current level of...

["Mathematical Biology","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3384
163 downloads
606 views

Site-specific evolutionary rates can be estimated from codon sequences or from amino-acid sequences. For codon sequences, the most popular methods use some variation of the dN∕dS ratio. For amino-acid sequences, one widely-used method is called Rate4Site, and it...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3391

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