Peer-reviewed Articles - General

628 downloads
5,390 views

The widespread use of ‘statistical significance’ as a license for making a claim of a scientific finding leads to considerable distortion of the scientific process (according to the American Statistical Association). We review why degrading p-values into ‘significant’...

["Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3544
118 downloads
860 views

Background The scholarly publication landscape is changing rapidly. We investigated whether the introduction of an institutional publications officer might help facilitate better knowledge of publication topics and related resources, and effectively support researchers...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3294
42 downloads
273 views

Objectives The use of escorts (chauffeurs and chaperones) while on duty in after-hours-house-call (AHHC) is one key protective option available to doctors in the service, and has been linked to low burnout and increased satisfaction in AHHC. This study aims to...

["Health Policy","Nursing","Public Health","Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3218
297 downloads
2,402 views

Background There is wide agreement in the biomedical research community that research data sharing is a primary ingredient for ensuring that science is more transparent and reproducible. Publishers could play an important role in facilitating and enforcing data...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3208
3 citations
362 downloads
5,386 views

Background International trade for luxury products, medicines, and tonics poses a threat to both terrestrial and marine wildlife. The demand for and consumption of gill plates (known as Peng Yu Sai, “Fish Gill of Mobulid Ray”) from devil and manta rays (subfamily...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Marine Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3027
169 downloads
1,112 views

Head et al. (2015) provided a large collection of p-values that, from their perspective, indicates widespread statistical significance seeking (i.e., p-hacking). This paper inspects this result for robustness. Theoretically, the p-value distribution should be a...

["Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3068
2 citations
272 downloads
1,365 views

The trade of live marine animals for home and public aquaria has grown into a major global industry. Millions of marine fishes and invertebrates are removed from coral reefs and associated habitats each year. The majority are imported into the United States, with...

["Marine Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2949
251 downloads
872 views

Background Honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) are frequently used in agriculture for pollination services because of their abundance, generalist floral preferences, ease of management and hive transport. However, their populations are declining in many countries. Agri-Environment...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ecology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2677
3 citations
1,106 downloads
6,165 views

Publication fees as a revenue source for open access publishing hold a prominent place on the agendas of researchers, policy makers, and academic publishers. This study contributes to the evolving empirical basis for funding these charges and examines how much...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2323
7 citations
684 downloads
3,209 views

Background. Open access (OA) publishing via article processing charges (APCs) is growing as an alternative to subscription publishing. The Pay It Forward (PIF) Project is exploring the feasibility of transitioning from paying subscriptions to funding APCs for faculty...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2264
1 citation
229 downloads
1,077 views

Background. One of the most difficult challenges for conservation biology is to reconcile growing human demands for resources with the rising need for protecting nature. Wind farms producing renewable energy have been recognised to be a threat for birds, but clear...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2105
179 downloads
1,017 views

Managers of large, complex wildlife conservation programs need information on the conservation status of each of many species to help strategically allocate limited resources. Oversimplifying status data, however, runs the risk of missing information essential...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2230
1 citation
132 downloads
650 views

Background. The ReproQuestionnaire (ReproQ) measures the client’s experience with maternity care, following the WHO responsiveness model. In 2015, the ReproQ was appointed as national client experience questionnaire and will be added to the national list of indicators...

["Gynecology and Obstetrics","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2092
192 downloads
1,985 views

Human food security requires the production of sufficient quantities of both high-quality protein and dietary energy. In a series of case-studies from New Zealand, we show that while production of food ingredients from crops on arable land can meet human dietary...

["Agricultural Science","Food Science and Technology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2100
218 downloads
1,616 views

Aim. The nascent field of bio-geoengineering stands to benefit from synthetic biologists’ efforts to standardise, and in so doing democratise, biomolecular research methods. Roseobacter clade bacteria comprise 15–20% of oceanic bacterio-plankton communities, making...

["Bioengineering","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology","Science Policy","Synthetic Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2031

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