Peer-reviewed Articles - General

51 downloads
584 views

Background Although evolution is the driving force behind many of today’s major public health and agriculture issues, both journalists and scientific researchers often do not use the term “evolve” in discussions of these topics. Methods In a total of 1,066 articles...

["Evolutionary Studies","Public Health","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3639
1 citation
783 downloads
6,596 views

The widespread use of ‘statistical significance’ as a license for making a claim of a scientific finding leads to considerable distortion of the scientific process (according to the American Statistical Association). We review why degrading p-values into ‘significant’...

["Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3544
127 downloads
967 views

Background The scholarly publication landscape is changing rapidly. We investigated whether the introduction of an institutional publications officer might help facilitate better knowledge of publication topics and related resources, and effectively support researchers...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3294
46 downloads
296 views

Objectives The use of escorts (chauffeurs and chaperones) while on duty in after-hours-house-call (AHHC) is one key protective option available to doctors in the service, and has been linked to low burnout and increased satisfaction in AHHC. This study aims to...

["Health Policy","Nursing","Public Health","Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3218
321 downloads
2,695 views

Background There is wide agreement in the biomedical research community that research data sharing is a primary ingredient for ensuring that science is more transparent and reproducible. Publishers could play an important role in facilitating and enforcing data...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3208
3 citations
387 downloads
5,488 views

Background International trade for luxury products, medicines, and tonics poses a threat to both terrestrial and marine wildlife. The demand for and consumption of gill plates (known as Peng Yu Sai, “Fish Gill of Mobulid Ray”) from devil and manta rays (subfamily...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Marine Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3027
181 downloads
1,197 views

Head et al. (2015) provided a large collection of p-values that, from their perspective, indicates widespread statistical significance seeking (i.e., p-hacking). This paper inspects this result for robustness. Theoretically, the p-value distribution should be a...

["Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3068
3 citations
326 downloads
1,433 views

The trade of live marine animals for home and public aquaria has grown into a major global industry. Millions of marine fishes and invertebrates are removed from coral reefs and associated habitats each year. The majority are imported into the United States, with...

["Marine Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2949
268 downloads
906 views

Background Honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) are frequently used in agriculture for pollination services because of their abundance, generalist floral preferences, ease of management and hive transport. However, their populations are declining in many countries. Agri-Environment...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ecology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2677
3 citations
1,129 downloads
6,334 views

Publication fees as a revenue source for open access publishing hold a prominent place on the agendas of researchers, policy makers, and academic publishers. This study contributes to the evolving empirical basis for funding these charges and examines how much...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2323
9 citations
709 downloads
3,285 views

Background. Open access (OA) publishing via article processing charges (APCs) is growing as an alternative to subscription publishing. The Pay It Forward (PIF) Project is exploring the feasibility of transitioning from paying subscriptions to funding APCs for faculty...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2264
1 citation
237 downloads
1,098 views

Background. One of the most difficult challenges for conservation biology is to reconcile growing human demands for resources with the rising need for protecting nature. Wind farms producing renewable energy have been recognised to be a threat for birds, but clear...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2105
191 downloads
1,051 views

Managers of large, complex wildlife conservation programs need information on the conservation status of each of many species to help strategically allocate limited resources. Oversimplifying status data, however, runs the risk of missing information essential...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2230
1 citation
147 downloads
675 views

Background. The ReproQuestionnaire (ReproQ) measures the client’s experience with maternity care, following the WHO responsiveness model. In 2015, the ReproQ was appointed as national client experience questionnaire and will be added to the national list of indicators...

["Gynecology and Obstetrics","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2092
199 downloads
2,018 views

Human food security requires the production of sufficient quantities of both high-quality protein and dietary energy. In a series of case-studies from New Zealand, we show that while production of food ingredients from crops on arable land can meet human dietary...

["Agricultural Science","Food Science and Technology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2100

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