Peer-reviewed Articles - General

32 downloads
254 views

Background This paper is a comment on the idea of matrix-free Cladistics. Demonstration of this idea’s efficiency is a major goal of the study. Within the proposed framework, the ordinary (phenetic) matrix is necessary only as “source” of Hennigian trees, not as...

["Bioinformatics","Taxonomy","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3578
46 downloads
216 views

Transpedicular transdiscal screw fixation is an alternative technique used in lumbar spine fixation; however, it requires an accurate screw trajectory. The aim of this study is to design a novel 3D-printed custom drill guide and investigate its accuracy to guide...

["Bioengineering","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3564
61 downloads
359 views

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third commonest malignant tumor. Previous studies have revealed that the composition change of the human gut microbiome, measured by community diversity, is associated with the progression of CRC. However, a further question, whether...

["Computational Biology","Ecology","Microbiology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3383
53 downloads
329 views

The five community state types (CSTs) first identified by Ravel et al. (2011) offered a powerful scheme to classify the states of human vaginal microbial communities (HVMC). The classification is a significant advance because it devised an effective handle to deal...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Microbiology","Women\u2019s Health","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3366
82 downloads
657 views

This paper uses X-ray computed tomography to track the mechanical response of a vertebrate (Barnacle goose) long bone subjected to an axial compressive load, which is increased gradually until failure. A loading rig was mounted in an X-ray computed tomography system...

["Bioengineering","Kinesiology","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3416
62 downloads
253 views

Background High talker variability (i.e., multiple voices in the input) has been found effective in training nonnative phonetic contrasts in adults. A small number of studies suggest that children also benefit from high-variability phonetic training with some evidence...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3209
122 downloads
455 views

The Ramachandran plot is important to structural biology as it describes a peptide backbone in the context of its dominant degrees of freedom—the backbone dihedral angles φ and ψ (Ramachandran, Ramakrishnan & Sasisekharan, 1963). Since its introduction, the Ramachandran...

["Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3327
258 downloads
1,470 views

Background The goals of this study were (1) to present the set of data evaluating running biomechanics (kinematics and kinetics), including data on running habits, demographics, and levels of muscle strength and flexibility made available at Figshare (DOI: 10.6084/m9.figshare.4543435);...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Kinesiology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3298
118 downloads
814 views

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common clinical condition. The way that OSAS risk factors associate and converge is not a random process. As such, defining OSAS phenotypes fosters personalized patient management and population screening. In this paper,...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Health Policy","Respiratory Medicine","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3289
42 downloads
339 views

Background Reduction of readmissions after discharge represents an important challenge for many hospitals and has attracted the interest of many researchers in the past few years. Most of the studies in this field focus on building cross-sectional predictive models...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Public Health","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3230
115 downloads
531 views

Individuals vary in their tendency to bind signals from multiple senses. For the same set of sights and sounds, one individual may frequently integrate multisensory signals and experience a unified percept, whereas another individual may rarely bind them and often...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3143
165 downloads
609 views

Identification of arthropods important in disease transmission is a crucial, yet difficult, task that can demand considerable training and experience. An important case in point is that of the 150+ species of Triatominae, vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, causative...

["Entomology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3040
105 downloads
979 views

Background Intervention programs to promote physical activity in older adults, either in group or home settings, have shown equivalent health outcomes but different results when considering adherence. Group-based interventions seem to achieve higher participation...

["Geriatrics","Kinesiology","Public Health","Human-Computer Interaction","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3150
160 downloads
967 views

Most reconstruction methods for genomes of ancient origin that are used today require a closely related reference. In order to identify genomic rearrangements or the deletion of whole genes, de novo assembly has to be used. However, because of inherent problems...

["Bioinformatics","Paleontology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3126
79 downloads
608 views

Gene regulation modulates RNA expression via transcription factors. Post-transcriptional gene regulation in turn influences the amount of protein product through, for example, microRNAs (miRNAs). Experimental establishment of miRNAs and their effects is complicated...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3131

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