Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

72 downloads
500 views

Stony corals (Scleractinia) are marine invertebrates that form the foundation and framework upon which tropical reefs are built. The coral animal associates with a diverse microbiome comprised of dinoflagellate algae and other protists, bacteria, archaea, fungi...

["Genomics","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4054
53 downloads
282 views

Background Dengue disease is a leading cause of illness and death in the tropics and subtropics. Most severe cases occur among patients secondarily infected with a different dengue virus (DENV) serotype compared with that from the first infection, resulting in...

["Biotechnology","Molecular Biology","Virology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4021
30 downloads
441 views

The core antigen of the hepatitis C virus (HCV Ag) presents an alternative marker to HCV RNA when screening patients for HCV viremia. This study sought to evaluate the utility of HCV Ag as a marker to assess active HCV infection in individuals residing in an HCV-endemic...

["Molecular Biology","Virology","Epidemiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4008
38 downloads
220 views

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes acute lower respiratory tract infection in infants and young children worldwide. To investigate the RSV burden in Thailand over four consecutive years (January 2012 to December 2015), we screened 3,306 samples obtained from...

["Virology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3970
149 downloads
427 views

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the leading cause of cervical cancer. Urine-based HPV testing offers a simple and non-invasive method because of its increasing acceptance. A total of 164 pairs of cervical swab and urine samples from Thai women who underwent cervical...

["Virology","Infectious Diseases","Oncology","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3910
59 downloads
365 views

Background Enteroviruses are small non-enveloped viruses with a (+) ssRNA genome with one open reading frame. Enterovirus protein 3C (or 3CD for some species) binds the replicative element oriL to initiate replication. The replication of enteroviruses features...

["Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3896
110 downloads
453 views

Nodaviruses are small bipartite RNA viruses which belong to the family of Nodaviridae. They are categorized into alpha-nodavirus, which infects insects, and beta-nodavirus, which infects fishes. Another distinct group of nodavirus infects shrimps and prawns, which...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Virology","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3841
65 downloads
403 views

Circular rep-encoding ssDNA (CRESS-DNA) viruses are common constituents of invertebrate viral consortia. Despite their ubiquity and sequence diversity, the effects of CRESS-DNA viruses on invertebrate biology and ecology remain largely unknown. This study assessed...

["Ecology","Genomics","Microbiology","Virology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3810
155 downloads
549 views

Background Dengue viral infection is an acute infection that has the potential to have severe complications as its major sequela. Currently, there is no routine laboratory biomarker with which to predict the severity of dengue infection or monitor the effectiveness...

["Microbiology","Virology","Epidemiology","Immunology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3589
79 downloads
522 views

Background Indigenous populations of the circumpolar Arctic are considered to be endemically infected (>2% prevalence) with hepatitis B virus (HBV), with subgenotype B5 (formerly B6) unique to these populations. The distinctive properties of HBV/B5, including high...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Virology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3757
1 citation
64 downloads
400 views

Recently, a novel phenomenon of horizontal gene transfer of helicase-encoding sequence from positive-stranded RNA viruses to LINE transposons in insect genomes was described. TRAS family transposons encoding an ORF2 protein, which comprised all typical functional...

["Entomology","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3673
178 downloads
605 views

In the swine industry, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is a highly contagious disease which causes heavy economic losses worldwide. Effective prevention and disease control is an important issue. In this study, we described the construction...

["Veterinary Medicine","Virology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3514
105 downloads
896 views

Newly emerging influenza viruses continue to threaten public health. A rapid determination of the host range of newly discovered influenza viruses would assist in early assessment of their risk. Here, we attempted to predict the host of influenza viruses using...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3579
185 downloads
668 views

Dengue virus types 1-4 (DENV-1-4) are positive-strand RNA viruses with an envelope that belongs to the Flaviviridae. DENV infection threatens human health worldwide. However, other than supportive treatments, no specific therapy is available for the infection....

["Virology","Drugs and Devices"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3448
3 citations
397 downloads
1,698 views

Taxonomic classification of archaeal and bacterial viruses is challenging, yet also fundamental for developing a predictive understanding of microbial ecosystems. Recent identification of hundreds of thousands of new viral genomes and genome fragments, whose hosts...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Taxonomy","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3243

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