Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

209 downloads
308 views

Background Antimicrobial use in livestock production is an important contemporary issue, which is of public interest worldwide. Antimicrobials are not freely available to Austrian farmers and can only be administered to livestock by veterinarians, or by farmers...

["Agricultural Science","Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4072
33 downloads
388 views

Background Health of mammary glands is fundamental for milk and dairy products hygiene and quality, with huge impacts on consumers welfare. Methods This study aims to investigate the microbial agents (bacteria, fungi and lentiviruses) isolated from 89 macroscopically...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3994
51 downloads
266 views

The role of glial cells in pain modulation has recently gathered attention. The objective of this study was to determine healthy spinal microglia and astrocyte morphology and disposition in equine spinal cord dorsal horns using Iba-1 and GFAP/Cx-43 immunofluorescence...

["Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Veterinary Medicine","Anaesthesiology and Pain Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3965
104 downloads
318 views

Increased levels of long noncoding RNA H19 (H19) have been observed in many inflammatory and organ fibrosis diseases including ulcerative colitis, osteoarthritis, liver fibrosis, renal fibrosis and pulmonary fibrosis. However, the role of H19 in bovine mastitis...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3950
61 downloads
748 views

If fertilization of matured oocyte does not occur, unfertilized oocyte undergoes aging, resulting in a time-dependent reduction of the oocyte’s quality. The aging of porcine oocytes can lead to apoptosis. Carbon monoxide (CO), a signal molecule produced by the...

["Biotechnology","Cell Biology","Developmental Biology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3876
78 downloads
248 views

Background Astragalus polysaccharide (APS) has immunomodulatory activities on porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The immunomodulatory effects of APS on porcine endothelial cells (ECs) expose to classical swine fever virus (CSFV) remain unknown. Methods...

["Cell Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3862
69 downloads
768 views

Background Locomotion results from the generation of ground reaction forces (GRF) that cause translations of the center of mass (COM) and generate moments that rotate the body around the COM. The trot is a diagonally-synchronized gait performed by horses at intermediate...

["Animal Behavior","Bioengineering","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3866
57 downloads
334 views

Cytokines are fundamental for a functioning immune system, and thus potentially serve as important indicators of animal health. Quantitation of mRNA using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) is an established immunological technique....

["Marine Biology","Molecular Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3840
1 citation
110 downloads
489 views

Background Melissococcus plutonius is an entomopathogenic bacterium that causes European foulbrood (EFB), a honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) disease that necessitates quarantine in some countries. In Czechia, positive evidence of EFB was absent for almost 40 years,...

["Ecology","Entomology","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3816
70 downloads
272 views

Objective To determine the profile of 14 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and 23 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in serum of domestic canines and whether this was predictive of thyroid hormone status. Samples Serum samples were collected from 51 client-owned...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Veterinary Medicine","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3780
94 downloads
722 views

Background Chlamydia psittaci and Chlamydia pecorum are important veterinary pathogens, with the former also being responsible for zoonoses, and the latter adversely affecting koala populations in Australia and livestock globally. The rapid detection of these organisms...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3799
73 downloads
408 views

A study was carried out to assess the effect of Stress Coat® on slime production in goldfish (Carassius auratus) and koi (Cyprinus carpio). The study also investigated histological changes that might be associated with slime producing cells, and wound healing in...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Dermatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3759
42 downloads
238 views

Background Because etomidate induces prolonged adrenal suppression, even following a single bolus, its use as an infused anesthetic is limited. Our previous study indicated that a single administration of the novel etomidate analog methoxyethyletomidate hydrochloride...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Veterinary Medicine","Anaesthesiology and Pain Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3693
281 downloads
1,876 views

Mammals as a rule have seven cervical vertebrae, a number that remains remarkably constant. Changes of this number are associated with major congenital abnormalities (pleiotropic effects) that are, at least in humans, strongly selected against. Recently, it was...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Veterinary Medicine","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3684
97 downloads
555 views

Background Leukocyte concentrations follow a circadian pattern in mammals, with elevated values at times of potential contact with pathogens and parasites. We hypothesized that this pattern is disturbed after an immune challenge. Methods In Thailand, we captured...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Hematology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3570

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