Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

56 downloads
173 views

Background Litchi stink-bug, Tessaratoma papillosa Drury (Hemiptera: Tessaratomidae), is one of the most widespread and destructive pest species on Litchi chinensis Sonn and Dimocarpus longan Lour in Southern China. Inappropriate use of chemical pesticides has...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Microbiology","Mycology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3888
45 downloads
269 views

Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most toxic heavy metals and is difficult to be removed from contaminated soil and water. Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum), as an energy crop, exhibits a valuable potential to develop Cd polluted sites due to its use as a biofuel...

["Plant Science","Toxicology","Biosphere Interactions","Ecotoxicology","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3621
86 downloads
348 views

Background High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a well-known damage-related alarmin that participates in cellular inflammatory responses. However, the mechanisms leading to HMGB1 release in inflammatory conditions and the therapeutic agents that could prevent it...

["Biotechnology","Toxicology","Drugs and Devices","Evidence Based Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3808
53 downloads
220 views

Objective To determine the profile of 14 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and 23 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in serum of domestic canines and whether this was predictive of thyroid hormone status. Samples Serum samples were collected from 51 client-owned...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Veterinary Medicine","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3780
45 downloads
268 views

Discarded vehicle tire casings are an important artificial habitat for the developmental stages of numerous vector mosquitoes. Discarded vehicle tires degrade under ultraviolet light and leach numerous soluble metals (e.g., barium, cadmium, zinc) and organic substances...

["Ecology","Entomology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3756
51 downloads
331 views

Background Heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAA) are environmental and food contaminants that are potentially carcinogenic for humans. 2-Amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx) is one of the most abundant HAA formed in cooked meat. MeIQx is metabolized...

["Computational Biology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3703
54 downloads
445 views

The growing use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in industrial and consumer products raises important questions about their environmental fate and impact on prokaryotes. In the environment, CNTs are exposed to a variety of conditions (e.g., UV light) that could lead...

["Microbiology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3721
236 downloads
696 views

Worldwide occurrences of honey bee colony losses have raised concerns about bee health and the sustainability of pollination-dependent crops. While multiple causal factors have been identified, seed coating with insecticides of the neonicotinoid family has been...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Entomology","Toxicology","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3670
119 downloads
373 views

This study investigated whether zeolites of different size (Y30 (nano-sized) and H-Beta(OH)-III (forming large aggregates/agglomerates composed of 50 nm small primary particles)) exerted acute toxicity on larvae of the non-biting midge, Chironomus riparius, and...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3525
208 downloads
1,124 views

There is widespread concern regarding the effects of agro-chemical exposure on bee health, of which neonicotinoids, systemic insecticides detected in the pollen and nectar of both crops and wildflowers, have been the most strongly debated. The majority of studies...

["Ecology","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3417
1 citation
101 downloads
454 views

Background Herb-drug interactions (HDIs) resulting from concomitant use of herbal products with clinical drugs may cause adverse reactions. Organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1) and 3 (OAT3) are highly expressed in the kidney and play a key role in the renal elimination...

["Plant Science","Toxicology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3333
134 downloads
598 views

Aim Atorvastatin is a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used for hyperlipidemia. Atorvastatin is generally safe but may induce cholestasis. The present study aimed to examine the effects of atorvastatin on hepatic gene expression related to bile acid metabolism and homeostasis,...

["Toxicology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3348
80 downloads
387 views

DEET and IR3535 are insect repellents present worldwide in commercial products; their efficacy has been mainly evaluated in mosquitoes. This study compares the toxicological effects and the behavioral responses induced by both repellents on the blood-sucking bug...

["Biosphere Interactions","Ecotoxicology","Entomology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3292
63 downloads
568 views

Cations have generally been reported to prevent jellyfish venom-induced hemolysis through multiple mechanisms by spectrophotometry. Little attention has been paid to the potential interaction between cations and hemoglobin, potentially influencing the antagonistic...

["Cell Biology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3338
2 citations
171 downloads
1,274 views

The same selective forces that give rise to rapid inter- and intraspecific divergence in snake venoms can also favor differences in venoms across life-history stages. Ontogenetic changes in venom composition are well known and widespread in snakes but have not...

["Genetics","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3249

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