Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

54 downloads
300 views

New Pleistocene fossilized turtle remains from five localities of western Ecuador (Santa Elena Province) are described here. All these shell (carapace and plastron) fossil remains come from the Tablazo Formation and belong to three different lineages of cryptodires...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3215
110 downloads
792 views

Metoposaurids are temnospondyl amphibians that are commonly recovered from the Chinle Formation deposits of North America. Two species, Koskinonodon perfectus and Apachesaurus gregorii, are known from Petrified Forest National Park (PEFO), AZ. Small, elongate intercentra...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3183
41 downloads
315 views

Ostracods are small bivalved crustaceans widely distributed in aquatic environments and in total 99 species have been recorded in genus Euphilomedes Kornicker, 1967. In this study, we further describe two new species of benthic ostracods in this genus, Euphilomedes...

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3146
219 downloads
1,813 views

Artificial reefs created by deliberately sinking ships off the coast of the Florida Keys island chain are providing new habitat for marine invertebrates. This newly developing fouling community includes the previously reported invasive orange tube coral Tubastraea...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3158
130 downloads
865 views

Aims Mountain ranges in the tropics are characterised by high levels of localised endemism, often-aberrant evolutionary trajectories, and some of the world’s most diverse regional biotas. Here we investigate the evolution of montane endemism, ecology and body size...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3077
193 downloads
1,375 views

Identification and quantification of microorganisms is a significant step in studying the alpha and beta diversities within and between microbial communities respectively. Both identification and quantification of a given microbial community can be carried out...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genomics","Microbiology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3138
223 downloads
802 views

Background The present-day amphibian and reptile fauna of Western Siberia are the least diverse of the Palaearctic Realm, as a consequence of the unfavourable climatic conditions that predominate in this region. The origin and emergence of these herpetofaunal groups...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3025
189 downloads
409 views

The land snails collected by the ‘Comisión Científica del Pacifíco’ (CCP), a Spanish expedition to South and Central America from 1862–1866, are restudied and revised. The historical context of the expedition and the study of its collected material are described....

["Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3065
524 downloads
10,671 views

The True’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon mirus, True 1913) is a poorly known member of the Ziphiidae family. Its distribution in the northern hemisphere is thought to be restricted to the temperate or warm temperate waters of the North Atlantic, while a few stranding...

["Biodiversity","Genetics","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3059
274 downloads
2,442 views

Mourasuchus (Alligatoroidea, Caimaninae) is one of the most peculiar crocodyliforms due to the skull morphology consisting of a long, wide, dorsoventrally flat rostrum with long, slender mandibular rami. Despite these peculiarities, the systematics, phylogeny and...

["Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3056
177 downloads
1,686 views

Urbanization is one of the major anthropogenic processes contributing to local habitat loss and extirpation of numerous species, including wild bees, the most widespread pollinators. Little is known about the mechanisms through which urbanization impacts wild bee...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Entomology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3051
106 downloads
331 views

Background Sponges are particularly prone to hiding cryptic species as their paradigmatic plasticity often favors species phenotypic convergence as a result of adaptation to similar habitat conditions. Hemimycale is a sponge genus (Family Hymedesmiidae, Order Poecilosclerida)...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2958
125 downloads
748 views

The iconic gastropod genus Cyphoma is commonly observed in the Caribbean, where it lives in association with various octocorallian hosts. Each species in the genus Cyphoma has a unique, characteristic mantle pattern and colouration, which separates the valid taxa....

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3018
143 downloads
1,034 views

We present a new supertree method that enables rapid estimation of a summary tree on the scale of millions of leaves. This supertree method summarizes a collection of input phylogenies and an input taxonomy. We introduce formal goals and criteria for such a supertree...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3058
175 downloads
1,114 views

A new taxon of stem otariid, Eotaria citrica sp. nov., is described from the upper Burdigalian to lower Langhian “Topanga” formation of Orange County, California. The new species is described from mandibular and dental remains that show a unique combination of...

["Evolutionary Studies","Marine Biology","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3022

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