Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

37 downloads
162 views

The forest ecosystem is the main component of terrestrial ecosystems. The global climate and the functions and processes of soil microbes in the ecosystem are all influenced by litter decomposition. The effects of litter decomposition on the abundance of soil microorganisms...

["Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3777
32 downloads
243 views

Aim Application of organic materials into agricultural systems enhances plant growth and yields, and improves soil fertility and structure. This study aimed to examine the effects of “compost extract (CE)”, a soil conditioner, and bio-organic manure (BOM) on the...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3775
41 downloads
505 views

Trees of temperate rainforests host a large biomass of epiphytic plants, which are associated with soils formed in the forest canopy. Falling of epiphytic material results in the transfer of carbon and nutrients from the canopy to the forest floor. This study provides...

["Ecology","Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3773
24 downloads
174 views

Background Restoration of degraded forest ecosystem is crucial for regional sustainable development. To protect the country’s fragile and fragmented environment, the Chinese government initiated an ecological engineering project, the Natural Forest Protection Program,...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Plant Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3764
84 downloads
334 views

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have a broad range of applications and are generally considered human-engineered nanomaterials. However, carbon nanostructures have been found in ice cores and oil wells, suggesting that nature may provide appropriate conditions for CNT...

["Biochemistry","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Soil Science","Synthetic Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3658
63 downloads
403 views

Primary production is the fundamental source of energy to foodwebs and ecosystems, and is thus an important constraint on soil communities. This coupling is particularly evident in polar terrestrial ecosystems where biological diversity and activity is tightly...

["Ecology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3377
53 downloads
317 views

Background Theory predicts strong bottom-up control in detritus-based food webs, yet field experiments with detritus-based terrestrial systems have uncovered contradictory evidence regarding the strength and pervasiveness of bottom-up control processes. Two factors...

["Ecology","Soil Science","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3572
86 downloads
360 views

Introduction Rhizospheres, the most active interfaces between plants and soils, play a central role in the long-term maintenance of the biosphere. The anti-erodibility of soils (AES) regulated by the root exudates is crucial to the soil stability in the rhizospheres....

["Ecology","Plant Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3029
242 downloads
483 views

Background Faba bean is an important starch-based protein crop produced worldwide. Soil acidity and aluminium toxicity are major abiotic stresses affecting its production, so in regions where soil acidity is a problem, there is a gap between the potential and actual...

["Agricultural Science","Plant Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2963
316 downloads
857 views

Currently, characterization of soil microbial communities relies heavily on the use of molecular approaches. Independently of the approach used, soil DNA extraction is a crucial step, and success of downstream procedures will depend on how well DNA extraction was...

["Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2915
1 citation
105 downloads
552 views

Background In arid systems with no surface water, deep boreholes in ephemeral river beds provide for humans and animals. With continually increasing infrastructure development for tourism in arid wildlife parks such as the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park in southern...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2923
362 downloads
686 views

Background Fungal endophytes are highly diverse ubiquitous asymptomatic microorganisms, some of which appear to be symbiotic. Depending on abiotic conditions and genotype of the plant, the diversity of endophytes may confer fitness benefits to plant communities....

["Agricultural Science","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2860
146 downloads
396 views

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of four fertilizer applications—control (C), chemical fertilizer (F), compost (O), and in situ earthworm breeding (E)—on the growth, quality and yield of papaya (Carica papaya L.). In this study, 5 g plant−1 urea...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2752
200 downloads
485 views

Nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation (n-damo) is a recently discovered biological process which has been arousing global attention because of its potential in minimizing greenhouse gases emissions. In this study, molecular biological techniques and potential...

["Agricultural Science","Bioengineering","Environmental Sciences","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2766
4 citations
444 downloads
1,772 views

Annually, half of all plant-derived carbon is added to soil where it is microbially respired to CO2. However, understanding of the microbiology of this process is limited because most culture-independent methods cannot link metabolic processes to the organisms...

["Bioinformatics","Environmental Sciences","Genomics","Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2687

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