Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

29 downloads
198 views

Brain activity during sleep is fairly ubiquitous and the best studied possible function is a role in memory consolidation, including motor memory. One suggested mechanism of how neural activity effects these benefits is through reactivation of neurons in patterns...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4052
23 downloads
185 views

Despite step-down inhibitory avoidance procedures that have been widely implemented in rats and mice to study learning and emotion phenomena, performance of other species in these tasks has received less attention. The case of the Mongolian gerbil is of relevance...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4009
84 downloads
368 views

In its most basic form, empathy refers to the ability to understand another person’s feelings and emotions, representing an essential component of human social interaction. Owing to an increase in the use of mass media, which is used to distribute high levels of...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3988
35 downloads
211 views

Hands motor imagery (MI) has been reported to alter synchronization patterns amongst neurons, yielding variations in the mu and beta bands’ power spectral density (PSD) of the electroencephalography (EEG) signal. These alterations have been used in the field of...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Human-Computer Interaction","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3983
44 downloads
214 views

Small interference RNA has been widely used to suppress gene expression. Three different short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) against dopamine D1 receptor (Drd1), driven by mouse U6 promoter in self-complementary AAV8 vector (scAAV8), were used to silence mouse striatal...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3905
51 downloads
266 views

The role of glial cells in pain modulation has recently gathered attention. The objective of this study was to determine healthy spinal microglia and astrocyte morphology and disposition in equine spinal cord dorsal horns using Iba-1 and GFAP/Cx-43 immunofluorescence...

["Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Veterinary Medicine","Anaesthesiology and Pain Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3965
77 downloads
853 views

Language lateralisation refers to the phenomenon in which one hemisphere (typically the left) shows greater involvement in language functions than the other. Measurement of laterality is of interest both to researchers investigating the neural organisation of the...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3929
62 downloads
305 views

In most humans, speech is predominantly processed by the left hemisphere. This auditory laterality was formerly thought to be an exclusive human characteristic, but is now suggested to have pre-human origins. In studies on auditory laterality in nonhuman animals,...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3925
98 downloads
533 views

Background Artificial rearing of honey bee larvae is an established method which enables to fully standardize the rearing environment and to manipulate the supplied diet to the brood. However, there are no studies which compare learning performance or neuroanatomic...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3858
92 downloads
508 views

The purpose of this study was to investigate the benefits of exercises with different cognitive demands for cognitive functions (Executive and non-Executive) in healthy older adults. A cross-sectional design was adopted. In total, 84 healthy older adults were enrolled...

["Neuroscience","Geriatrics","Neurology","Ophthalmology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3943
101 downloads
403 views

Clinical evidence points to neuroprotective effects of smoking in Parkinson’s disease (PD), but the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated the pharmacological pathways involved in these neuroprotective effects, which could provide novel ideas for...

["Biochemistry","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Neurology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3933
56 downloads
229 views

Background Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a disorder characterized by dopaminergic neuron programmed cell death. The etiology of PD remains uncertain—some cases are due to selected genes associated with familial heredity, others are due to environmental exposure to...

["Microbiology","Neuroscience","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3823
63 downloads
305 views

Objectives Practitioners of mindfulness are reported to have greater cognitive control especially in conflict monitoring, response inhibition and sustained attention. However, due to the various existing methods in each mindfulness practices and also, the high...

["Neuroscience","Respiratory Medicine","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3857
69 downloads
319 views

Objective The present study aimed to assess the effects of exercise with dietary restriction on cardiac autonomic activity, arterial stiffness, and cardiovascular biomarkers in obese individuals. Methods Seventeen obese adults completed an 8-week exercise and dietary...

["Developmental Biology","Neuroscience","Cardiology","Clinical Trials"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3900
77 downloads
555 views

Background A growing set of studies has shown a positive relationship between aerobic fitness and a broad array of cognitive functions. However, few studies have focused on sustained attention, which has been considered a fundamental cognitive process that underlies...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3831

Top subject areas - Articles

Top subject areas - People

View all subject areas