Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

39 downloads
324 views

Background Opsin proteins are seven transmembrane receptor proteins which detect light. Opsins can be classified into two types and share little sequence identity: type 1, typically found in bacteria, and type 2, primarily characterized in metazoa. The type 2 opsins...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3206
123 downloads
624 views

Grape sour (bunch) rot is a polymicrobial disease of vineyards that causes millions of dollars in lost revenue per year due to decreased quality of grapes and resultant wine. The disease is associated with damaged berries infected with a community of acetic acid...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Entomology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3223
70 downloads
422 views

Background Species identification is essential for controlling disease, understanding epidemiology, and to guide the implementation of phytosanitary measures against fungi from the genus Diaporthe. Accurate Diaporthe species separation requires using multi-loci...

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3120
61 downloads
409 views

Background Yeasts are a necessary requisite in the diet of most Drosophila species that, in turn, may vector their dispersal in natural environments. Differential attractiveness experiments and the isolation of yeasts consumed by Drosophila may be informative for...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3063
60 downloads
393 views

Introduction There is much literature devoted to the problem of drug resistance and decreased susceptibility of fungi to commonly used antifungals. Aim To analyze drug susceptibility of Candida albicans and non-Candida albicans strains isolated from the hands of...

["Microbiology","Mycology","Drugs and Devices","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3038
106 downloads
468 views

Type B trichothecenes, which pose a serious hazard to consumer health, occur worldwide in grains. These mycotoxins are produced mainly by three different trichothecene genotypes/chemotypes: 3ADON (3-acetyldeoxynivalenol), 15ADON (15-acetyldeoxynivalenol) and NIV...

["Bioinformatics","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2992
100 downloads
601 views

Background Amphibians are declining at an alarming rate, and one of the major causes of decline is the infectious disease chytridiomycosis. Parasitic fungal sporangia occur within epidermal cells causing epidermal disruption, but these changes have not been well...

["Ecology","Mycology","Veterinary Medicine","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2925
1 citation
108 downloads
354 views

Background Daldinia eschscholtzii is a filamentous wood-inhabiting endophyte commonly found in woody plants. Here, we report the identification and characterization of nine D. eschscholtzii isolates from skin scrapings, nail clippings, and blood. Methods The nine...

["Mycology","Infectious Diseases","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2637
203 downloads
851 views

Background Fungal endophytes inhabit symptomless, living tissues of all major plant lineages to form one of earth’s most prevalent groups of symbionts. Many reproduce from senesced and/or decomposing leaves and can produce extracellular leaf-degrading enzymes,...

["Ecology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2768
217 downloads
1,002 views

Background Dispersal events between habitat patches in a landscape mosaic can structure ecological communities and influence the functioning of agrosystems. Here we investigated whether short-distance dispersal events between vineyard and forest patches shape foliar...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Microbiology","Mycology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2656
2 citations
297 downloads
787 views

Recent meta-analyses of plant responses to biochar boast positive average effects of between 10 and 40%. Plant responses, however, vary greatly across systems, and null or negative biochar effects are increasingly reported. The mechanisms responsible for such responses...

["Agricultural Science","Environmental Sciences","Mycology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2385
237 downloads
1,409 views

Development of tools to identify species, genotypes, or novel strains of invasive organisms is critical for monitoring emergence and implementing rapid response measures. Molecular markers, although critical to identifying species or genotypes, require bioinformatic...

["Agricultural Science","Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Mycology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2279
1 citation
221 downloads
910 views

Background. The extent to which ectomycorrhizal fungi mediate primary production, carbon storage, and nutrient remineralization in terrestrial ecosystems depends upon fungal community composition. However, the factors that govern community composition at the root...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Mycology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2270
311 downloads
946 views

The Cuatro Ciénegas Basin (CCB) comprises several oligotrophic aquatic ecosystems limited by phosphorus. These aquatic systems are dominated by a high prokaryotic diversity, shaped by the stress of low nutrient supplies and interspecific competition. Although fungi...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2064
1 citation
396 downloads
1,467 views

Background: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) provide numerous services to their plant symbionts. Understanding climate change effects on AMF, and the resulting plant responses, is crucial for predicting ecosystem responses at regional and global scales. We investigated...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Mycology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2083

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