Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

12 downloads
121 views

Background The microbial populations that inhabit the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) are known to influence the health and growth performance of the host. Clean hatcheries and machine-based incubation practices in the commercial poultry industry can lead to the acquisition...

["Agricultural Science","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3587
49 downloads
351 views

Background Type II diabetes is a chronic health condition which is associated with skin conditions including chronic foot ulcers and an increased incidence of skin infections. The skin microbiome is thought to play important roles in skin defence and immune functioning....

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Diabetes and Endocrinology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3543
34 downloads
124 views

This paper is the first public report that Streptomyces flavogriseus can produce both actinomycin D and holomycin. The actinomycete strain NJ-4 isolated from the soil of Nanjing Agricultural University was identified as S. flavogriseus. This S. flavogriseus strain...

["Biotechnology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3601
21 downloads
305 views

The major virulence factor of the pneumococcus, and target for conjugate vaccines, is the polysaccharide capsule, which is usually encoded by the highly variable cps locus. Serotype 37 is an unusual pneumococcal type in which the single β-glucosyltransferase gene...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Microbiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3571
21 downloads
112 views

Background Recent climatic history has strongly impacted plant populations, but little is known about its effect on microbes. Alders, which host few and specific symbionts, have high genetic diversity in glacial refugia. Here, we tested the prediction that communities...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3479
45 downloads
491 views

We characterize the diversity of nectar-living yeasts of a tropical host plant community at different hierarchical sampling levels, measure the associations between yeasts and nectariferous plants, and measure the effect of yeasts on nectar traits. Using a series...

["Ecology","Microbiology","Mycology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3517
20 downloads
332 views

Background The ferric uptake regulator (Fur) is a transcription factor and the main regulator of iron acquisition in prokaryotes. When bound to ferric iron, Fur recognizes its DNA binding site and generally executes its function by repressing transcription of its...

["Bioinformatics","Genetics","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3461
545 downloads
445 views

Targeted qPCR and non-targeted amplicon sequencing of 16S rRNA genes within sediment layers identified the anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) niche and characterized microbial community changes attributable to freshwater mussels. Anammox bacteria were normally...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3536
113 downloads
705 views

High throughput (or ‘next generation’) sequencing has transformed most areas of biological research and is now a standard method that underpins empirical study of organismal biology, and (through comparison of genomes), reveals patterns of evolution. For projects...

["Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Microbiology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3529
180 downloads
1,495 views

The Tara Oceans Expedition has provided large, publicly-accessible microbial metagenomic datasets from a circumnavigation of the globe. Utilizing several size fractions from the samples originating in the Mediterranean Sea, we have used current assembly and binning...

["Bioinformatics","Marine Biology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3558
51 downloads
317 views

Coral diseases are a leading factor contributing to the global decline of coral reefs, and yet mechanisms of disease transmission remain poorly understood. This study tested whether zooplankton can act as a vector for white band disease (WBD) in Acropora cervicornis....

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3502
46 downloads
203 views

Novel microbial phospholipases A (PLAs) can be found in actinomycetes which have been poorly explored as producers of this activity. To investigate microbial PLA production, efficient methods are necessary such as high-throughput screening (HTS) assays for direct...

["Biodiversity","Biotechnology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3524
49 downloads
308 views

Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris MG1363 is an important starter culture for dairy fermentation. During industrial fermentations, L. lactis is constantly exposed to stresses that affect the growth and performance of the bacterium. Although the response of L. lactis...

["Biotechnology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3451
56 downloads
347 views

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third commonest malignant tumor. Previous studies have revealed that the composition change of the human gut microbiome, measured by community diversity, is associated with the progression of CRC. However, a further question, whether...

["Computational Biology","Ecology","Microbiology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3383
38 downloads
311 views

Trichogramma wasps are tiny parasitoids of lepidopteran eggs, used extensively for biological control. They are often infected with the bacterial symbiont Wolbachia, which converts Trichogramma to an asexual mode of reproduction, whereby females develop from unfertilized...

["Ecology","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3505

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