Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

29 downloads
186 views

Background This study evaluates two procedures for typing of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci; GBS) isolates, using retrospective typing data from the period 2010 to 2014 with a commercial latex agglutination test (latex test) and the Lancefield precipitation...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3105
43 downloads
226 views

Background Probiotic microorganisms are gaining global importance because of their use in the preparation of a nutraceutical or in the treatment of infections. As per the health industry demand, there is an urgent need for exploring new indigenous probiotic strains...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3085
52 downloads
528 views

It has previously been shown that domestic dogs and their household owners share bacterial populations, and that sharing of bacteria between humans is facilitated through the presence of dogs in the household. However, less is known regarding the bacterial communities...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Dermatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3075
42 downloads
310 views

Background Yeasts are a necessary requisite in the diet of most Drosophila species that, in turn, may vector their dispersal in natural environments. Differential attractiveness experiments and the isolation of yeasts consumed by Drosophila may be informative for...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3063
49 downloads
232 views

This study compared the effects of wheat- and sorghum-based diets on broiler chickens. The growth performance and caecal microbial community of chickens were measured and correlations between productivity and specific gut microbes were observed. Cobb broilers 15...

["Agricultural Science","Bioinformatics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3071
185 downloads
7,700 views

Background Much of the recent research in companion animal nutrition has focussed on understanding the role of diet on faecal microbiota composition. To date, diet-induced changes in faecal microbiota observed in humans and rodents have been extrapolated to pets...

["Genomics","Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3019
60 downloads
305 views

Background The emergence and evolution of community-acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) strains in Africa is poorly understood. However, one particular MRSA lineage called ST88, appears to be rapidly establishing itself as an “African”...

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3047
45 downloads
334 views

Introduction There is much literature devoted to the problem of drug resistance and decreased susceptibility of fungi to commonly used antifungals. Aim To analyze drug susceptibility of Candida albicans and non-Candida albicans strains isolated from the hands of...

["Microbiology","Mycology","Drugs and Devices","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3038
99 downloads
734 views

Genomic heterogeneity of bacterial species is observed and studied in experimental evolution experiments and clinical diagnostics, and occurs as micro-diversity of natural habitats. The challenge for genome research is to accurately capture this heterogeneity with...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2997
157 downloads
555 views

Streptomyces sp. H-KF8 is an actinobacterial strain isolated from marine sediments of a Chilean Patagonian fjord. Morphological characterization together with antibacterial activity was assessed in various culture media, revealing a carbon-source dependent activity...

["Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2912
262 downloads
1,538 views

Marker gene sequencing of microbial communities has generated big datasets of microbial relative abundances varying across environmental conditions, sample sites and treatments. These data often come with putative phylogenies, providing unique opportunities to...

["Computational Biology","Ecology","Mathematical Biology","Microbiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2969
76 downloads
350 views

Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNv) poses a major threat to the prawn industry. Currently, no effective vaccine and treatment are available to prevent the spread of MrNv. Its infection mechanism and localisation in a host cell are also not well characterised....

["Biotechnology","Cell Biology","Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2947
92 downloads
606 views

Localized genomic variability is crucial for the ongoing conflicts between infectious microbes and their hosts. An understanding of evolutionary and adaptive patterns associated with genomic variability will help guide development of vaccines and antimicrobial...

["Microbiology","Dermatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2959
146 downloads
506 views

Rhodomyrtone, a natural antimicrobial compound, displays potent activity against many Gram-positive pathogenic bacteria, comparable to last-defence antibiotics including vancomycin and daptomycin. Our previous studies pointed towards effects of rhodomyrtone on...

["Biochemistry","Computational Biology","Microbiology","Drugs and Devices","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2962
138 downloads
499 views

Currently, characterization of soil microbial communities relies heavily on the use of molecular approaches. Independently of the approach used, soil DNA extraction is a crucial step, and success of downstream procedures will depend on how well DNA extraction was...

["Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2915

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