Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

2 downloads
2 views

Bacteria adapt to adverse environmental conditions by altering gene expression patterns. Recently, a novel stress adaptation mechanism has been described that allows Escherichia coli to alter gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. The key player in...

["Genetics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3830

Background Viral metagenomics (viromics) is increasingly used to obtain uncultivated viral genomes, evaluate community diversity, and assess ecological hypotheses. While viromic experimental methods are relatively mature and widely accepted by the research community,...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3817
20 downloads
276 views

Background Profiling of microbial communities via metagenomic shotgun sequencing has enabled researches to gain unprecedented insight into microbial community structure and the functional roles of community members. This study describes a method and basic analysis...

["Biodiversity","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3837
8 downloads
189 views

Background The rapid increase in antibiotic resistance by various bacterial pathogens underlies the significance of developing new therapies and exploring different drug targets. A fraction of bacterial pathogens abbreviated as ESKAPE by the European Center for...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Microbiology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3765
40 downloads
211 views

Background Dengue viral infection is an acute infection that has the potential to have severe complications as its major sequela. Currently, there is no routine laboratory biomarker with which to predict the severity of dengue infection or monitor the effectiveness...

["Microbiology","Virology","Epidemiology","Immunology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3589
43 downloads
244 views

High sensitivity methods such as next generation sequencing and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are adversely impacted by organismal and DNA contaminants. Current methods for detecting contaminants in microbial materials (genomic DNA and cultures) are not sensitive...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3729
53 downloads
196 views

Background The microbiota in the small intestine relies on their capacity to rapidly import and ferment available carbohydrates to survive in a complex and highly competitive ecosystem. Understanding how these communities function requires elucidating the role...

["Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3698
43 downloads
498 views

Background Chlamydia psittaci and Chlamydia pecorum are important veterinary pathogens, with the former also being responsible for zoonoses, and the latter adversely affecting koala populations in Australia and livestock globally. The rapid detection of these organisms...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3799
60 downloads
699 views

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) systems are the adaptive immune systems of bacteria and archaea against viral infection. While CRISPRs have been exploited as a tool for genetic engineering, their spacer sequences can also provide...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Ecology","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3788
31 downloads
157 views

The forest ecosystem is the main component of terrestrial ecosystems. The global climate and the functions and processes of soil microbes in the ecosystem are all influenced by litter decomposition. The effects of litter decomposition on the abundance of soil microorganisms...

["Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3777
37 downloads
495 views

Trees of temperate rainforests host a large biomass of epiphytic plants, which are associated with soils formed in the forest canopy. Falling of epiphytic material results in the transfer of carbon and nutrients from the canopy to the forest floor. This study provides...

["Ecology","Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3773
58 downloads
283 views

Fungi and other eukaryotes represent one of the last frontiers of microbial diversity in the sponge holobiont. In this study we employed pyrosequencing of 18S ribosomal RNA gene amplicons containing the V7 and V8 hypervariable regions to explore the fungal diversity...

["Marine Biology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3722
58 downloads
293 views

Host-associated microbial communities are ubiquitous among animals, and serve important functions. For example, the bacterial skin microbiome of amphibians can play a role in preventing or reducing infection by the amphibian chytrid fungus, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis....

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3688
128 downloads
817 views

Throughout the world DNA banks are used as storage repositories for genetic diversity of organisms ranging from plants to insects to mammals. Designed to preserve the genetic information for organisms of interest, these banks also indirectly preserve organisms’...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3730
37 downloads
354 views

The growing use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in industrial and consumer products raises important questions about their environmental fate and impact on prokaryotes. In the environment, CNTs are exposed to a variety of conditions (e.g., UV light) that could lead...

["Microbiology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3721

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