Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

28 downloads
363 views

Quantification of fine-scale movement, performance, and energetics of hunting by large carnivores is critical for understanding the physiological underpinnings of trophic interactions. This is particularly challenging for wide-ranging terrestrial canid and felid...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3701
33 downloads
260 views

Salt marshes in northern Barataria Bay, Louisiana, USA were oiled, sometimes heavily, in the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Previous studies indicate that fiddler crabs (in the genus Uca) and the salt marsh periwinkle (Littoraria irrorata) were negatively...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Zoology","Biosphere Interactions","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3680
25 downloads
188 views

Background An exceptionally thick biofilm covers walls of ancient gold and arsenic Złoty Stok mine (Poland) in the apparent absence of organic sources of energy. Methods and Results We have characterized this microbial community using culture-dependent and independent...

["Biodiversity","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology","Biosphere Interactions","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3635
32 downloads
662 views

Texas is the second largest state in the United States of America, and the largest state in the contiguous USA at nearly 700,000 sq. km. Several Texas bumble bee species have shown evidence of declines in portions of their continental ranges, and conservation initiatives...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3612
73 downloads
346 views

Background Rare or narrowly endemic organisms are difficult to monitor and conserve when their total distribution and habitat preferences are incompletely known. One method employed in determining distributions of these organisms is species distribution modeling...

["Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Environmental Sciences","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3632
75 downloads
328 views

Reef building corals precipitate calcium carbonate as an exo-skeleton and provide substratum for prosperous marine life. Biomineralization of the coral’s skeleton is a developmental process that occurs concurrently with other proliferation processes that control...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Genetics","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3590
51 downloads
239 views

This study investigated whether zeolites of different size (Y30 (nano-sized) and H-Beta(OH)-III (forming large aggregates/agglomerates composed of 50 nm small primary particles)) exerted acute toxicity on larvae of the non-biting midge, Chironomus riparius, and...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3525
73 downloads
401 views

Background The growth and development of plants is deleteriously affected by various biotic and abiotic stress factors. Wounding in plants is caused by exposure to environmental stress, mechanical stress, and via herbivory. Typically, oxidative burst in response...

["Agricultural Science","Biophysics","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3050
89 downloads
394 views

Amphibian populations have been declining globally over the past decades. The intensification of agriculture, habitat loss, fragmentation of populations and toxic substances in the environment are considered as driving factors for this decline. Today, about 50%...

["Agricultural Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3520
78 downloads
411 views

Coral diseases are a leading factor contributing to the global decline of coral reefs, and yet mechanisms of disease transmission remain poorly understood. This study tested whether zooplankton can act as a vector for white band disease (WBD) in Acropora cervicornis....

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3502
107 downloads
460 views

Background Shrubs play a key role in biogeochemical cycles, prevent soil and water erosion, provide forage for livestock, and are a source of food, wood and non-wood products. However, despite their ecological and societal importance, the influence of different...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3446
155 downloads
983 views

There is widespread concern regarding the effects of agro-chemical exposure on bee health, of which neonicotinoids, systemic insecticides detected in the pollen and nectar of both crops and wildflowers, have been the most strongly debated. The majority of studies...

["Ecology","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3417
76 downloads
447 views

Photosynthates released by benthic primary producers (BPP), such as reef algae and scleractinian corals, fuel the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) production on tropical coral reefs. DOC concentrations near BPP have repeatedly been observed to be elevated compared...

["Biochemistry","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3456
128 downloads
610 views

Although large-bodied tropical forest birds are impacted by both habitat loss and fragmentation, their patterns of habitat occupancy will also depend on the degree of forest habitat disturbance, which may interact synergistically or additively with fragmentation...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3442
179 downloads
1,716 views

Drastic increases in global carbon emissions in the past century have led to elevated sea surface temperatures that negatively affect coral reef organisms. Worldwide coral bleaching-related mortality is increasing and data has shown even isolated and protected...

["Climate Change Biology","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3355

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