Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

7 downloads
60 views

Background The 152 extant species of kissing bug include important vectors of the debilitating, chronic, and often fatal Chagas disease, which affects several million people mainly in Central and South America. An understanding of the natural hosts of this speciose...

["Entomology","Molecular Biology","Parasitology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3826
30 downloads
404 views

The social hymenoptera are emerging as models for epigenetics. DNA methylation, the addition of a methyl group, is a common epigenetic marker. In mammals and flowering plants methylation affects allele specific expression. There is contradictory evidence for the...

["Animal Behavior","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3798
37 downloads
314 views

Background Coexistence of sexual and asexual populations remains a key question in evolutionary ecology. We address the question how an asexual and a sexual form of the parasitoid Venturia canescens can coexist in southern Europe. We test the hypothesis that both...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3699
71 downloads
574 views

Pondweed bugs (Hemiptera: Mesoveliidae), considered a sister group to all other Gerromorpha, are exceedingly rare as fossils. Therefore, each new discovery of a fossil mesoveliid is of high interest, giving new insight into their early evolutionary history and...

["Ecology","Entomology","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3760
25 downloads
181 views

Discarded vehicle tire casings are an important artificial habitat for the developmental stages of numerous vector mosquitoes. Discarded vehicle tires degrade under ultraviolet light and leach numerous soluble metals (e.g., barium, cadmium, zinc) and organic substances...

["Ecology","Entomology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3756
75 downloads
506 views

Urbanization transforms undeveloped landscapes into built environments, causing changes in communities and ecological processes. Flying arthropods play important roles in these processes as pollinators, decomposers, and predators, and can be important in structuring...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Biosphere Interactions","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3620
64 downloads
251 views

In order to understand the distribution and prevalence of Ommatissus lybicus (Hemiptera: Tropiduchidae) as well as analyse their current biographical patterns and predict their future spread, comprehensive and detailed information on the environmental, climatic,...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3752
49 downloads
317 views

Background The caddisfly genus Oecetis currently contains 534 valid species. Its larval stages are found in freshwaters around the world. The adults can be distinguished from other Leptoceridae by the unbranched forewing M vein and the exceptionally long maxillary...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3753
45 downloads
271 views

This study examined defensive behaviors of Mythimna separata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae varying in body size in response to two parasitoids varying in oviposition behavior; Microplitis mediator females sting the host with the ovipositor after climbing onto...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3690
35 downloads
173 views

The structural dynamics of host–parasitoid populations play a key role in the mechanism of natural community development with invasive species. Species invading new habitats experience coevolution with their newly acquired natural enemies, and their population...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Biosphere Interactions"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3610
62 downloads
464 views

The molecular mechanisms that allow generalist parasitoids to exploit many, often very distinct hosts are practically unknown. The wasp Aphidius ervi, a generalist koinobiont parasitoid of aphids, was introduced from Europe into Chile in the late 1970s to control...

["Animal Behavior","Entomology","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3640
88 downloads
255 views

The polyphagous shot hole borer and Kuroshio shot hole borer, two members of the Euwallacea fornicatus species complex (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), are invasive ambrosia beetles that harbor distinct species of Fusarium fungal symbionts. Together with...

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behavior","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3656
41 downloads
286 views

Recently, a novel phenomenon of horizontal gene transfer of helicase-encoding sequence from positive-stranded RNA viruses to LINE transposons in insect genomes was described. TRAS family transposons encoding an ORF2 protein, which comprised all typical functional...

["Entomology","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3673
192 downloads
510 views

Worldwide occurrences of honey bee colony losses have raised concerns about bee health and the sustainability of pollination-dependent crops. While multiple causal factors have been identified, seed coating with insecticides of the neonicotinoid family has been...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Entomology","Toxicology","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3670
43 downloads
127 views

Phylogeographic analyses of the gall fly Urophora cardui have in earlier studies based on allozymes and mtDNA identified small-scale, parapatrically diverged populations within an expanding Western Palearctic population. However, the low polymorphism of these markers...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3582

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