Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

39 downloads
461 views

Background Bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Bombus) are well known for their important inter- and intra-specific variation in hair (or pubescence) color patterns, but the chemical nature of the pigments associated with these patterns is not fully understood. For...

["Biochemistry","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3300
67 downloads
333 views

The insect exoskeleton is a multifunctional coat with a continuum of mechanical and structural properties constituting the barrier between electromagnetic waves and the internal body parts. This paper examines the ability of beetle exoskeleton to regulate internal...

["Entomology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3349
28 downloads
166 views

DEET and IR3535 are insect repellents present worldwide in commercial products; their efficacy has been mainly evaluated in mosquitoes. This study compares the toxicological effects and the behavioral responses induced by both repellents on the blood-sucking bug...

["Entomology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3292
109 downloads
681 views

One new genus and three new species of Lygistorrhinidae in early Eocene Cambay amber from India are described, which significantly increases our knowledge about this group in the Eocene. Lygistorrhina indica n. sp. is the oldest fossil known from this extant genus....

["Entomology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3313
49 downloads
228 views

Several phases of herbivorous insect attack including feeding and oviposition are known to induce plant defenses. Plants emit volatiles induced by herbivores to recruit insect parasitoids as an indirect defense strategy. So far, volatiles induced by herbivore walking...

["Entomology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3326
68 downloads
429 views

The use of biological control agents to control pests is an alternative to pesticides and a tool to manage invasive alien species. However, biocontrol agents can themselves become invasive species under certain conditions. The harlequin ladybird (Harmonia axyridis)...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Entomology","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3296
41 downloads
280 views

Seasonality impacts species distributions through changes of the environmental conditions that affect the presence of individuals at a given place. Although the dynamics of cave microclimates are well known, only a few studies have evaluated the effects of such...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3169
67 downloads
388 views

Phytochemicals produced by plants, including at flowers, function in protection against plant diseases, and have a long history of use against trypanosomatid infection. Floral nectar and pollen, the sole food sources for many species of insect pollinators, contain...

["Ecology","Entomology","Parasitology","Plant Science","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3297
63 downloads
305 views

Symbiotic bacteria are common in insects and can affect various aspects of their hosts’ biology. Although the effects of insect symbionts have been clarified for various insect symbiosis models, due to the difficulty of cultivating them in vitro, there is still...

["Cell Biology","Entomology","Microbiology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3291
31 downloads
240 views

Background Melolonthinae beetles, comprising different white grub species, are a globally-distributed pest group. Their larvae feed on roots of several crop and forestry species, and adults can cause severe defoliation. In New Zealand, the endemic scarab pest Costelytra...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3213
123 downloads
624 views

Grape sour (bunch) rot is a polymicrobial disease of vineyards that causes millions of dollars in lost revenue per year due to decreased quality of grapes and resultant wine. The disease is associated with damaged berries infected with a community of acetic acid...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Entomology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3223
127 downloads
939 views

Given the rapid population decline and recent petition for listing of the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus L.) under the Endangered Species Act, an accurate estimate of the Eastern, migratory population size is needed. Because of difficulty in counting individual...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Entomology","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3221
84 downloads
350 views

Background Essential oil components (EOCs) are molecules with interesting application in pest control, these have been evaluated against different insect pest from more than 100 years, but their practical use is rather limited. Thus, the enhancement of their bioavailability...

["Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3171
89 downloads
382 views

Background Epipactis helleborine is an Eurasian orchid species which prefers woodland environments but it may also spontaneously and successfully colonise human-made artificial and disturbed habitats such as roadsides, town parks and gardens. It is suggested that...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3159
116 downloads
479 views

Identification of arthropods important in disease transmission is a crucial, yet difficult, task that can demand considerable training and experience. An important case in point is that of the 150+ species of Triatominae, vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, causative...

["Entomology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3040

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