Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

38 downloads
157 views

The objectives of this experiment were to determine the effects of graded dietary lead (Pb) concentrations on body weight and Pb concentrations in blood, hair, soft tissues, and urine from pigs and to generate equations for estimating daily Pb intake. Sixteen barrows...

["Agricultural Science","Toxicology","Nutrition","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3936
80 downloads
348 views

Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most toxic heavy metals and is difficult to be removed from contaminated soil and water. Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum), as an energy crop, exhibits a valuable potential to develop Cd polluted sites due to its use as a biofuel...

["Plant Science","Toxicology","Biosphere Interactions","Ecotoxicology","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3621
70 downloads
272 views

Objective To determine the profile of 14 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and 23 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in serum of domestic canines and whether this was predictive of thyroid hormone status. Samples Serum samples were collected from 51 client-owned...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Veterinary Medicine","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3780
126 downloads
474 views

Coral reef ecosystems of the South Pacific are extremely vulnerable to plastic pollution from oceanic gyres and land-based sources. To describe the extent and impact of plastic pollution, the distribution of both macro- (>5 mm) and microplastic (plastic < 5 mm)...

["Conservation Biology","Marine Biology","Biosphere Interactions","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3733
1 citation
102 downloads
501 views

Salt marshes in northern Barataria Bay, Louisiana, USA were oiled, sometimes heavily, in the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Previous studies indicate that fiddler crabs (in the genus Uca) and the salt marsh periwinkle (Littoraria irrorata) were negatively...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Zoology","Biosphere Interactions","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3680
84 downloads
418 views

Background An exceptionally thick biofilm covers walls of ancient gold and arsenic Złoty Stok mine (Poland) in the apparent absence of organic sources of energy. Methods and Results We have characterized this microbial community using culture-dependent and independent...

["Biodiversity","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology","Biosphere Interactions","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3635
279 downloads
835 views

Worldwide occurrences of honey bee colony losses have raised concerns about bee health and the sustainability of pollination-dependent crops. While multiple causal factors have been identified, seed coating with insecticides of the neonicotinoid family has been...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Entomology","Toxicology","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3670
86 downloads
449 views

DEET and IR3535 are insect repellents present worldwide in commercial products; their efficacy has been mainly evaluated in mosquitoes. This study compares the toxicological effects and the behavioral responses induced by both repellents on the blood-sucking bug...

["Biosphere Interactions","Ecotoxicology","Entomology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3292
205 downloads
578 views

We explored the bacterial diversity of untreated sewage influent samples of a wastewater treatment plant in Tucson, AZ and discovered that Arcobacter cryaerophilus, an emerging human pathogen of animal origin, was the most dominant bacterium. The other highly prevalent...

["Ecotoxicology","Environmental Sciences","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3269
1 citation
287 downloads
767 views

Background Essential oil components (EOCs) are molecules with interesting application in pest control, these have been evaluated against different insect pest from more than 100 years, but their practical use is rather limited. Thus, the enhancement of their bioavailability...

["Ecotoxicology","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3171
1 citation
98 downloads
539 views

Metals are present in aquatic environments as a result of natural and anthropogenic inputs, and may induce toxicity to organisms. One of the main factors that influence this toxicity in fresh water is natural organic matter (NOM) but all NOMs are not the same in...

["Biochemistry","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3141
169 downloads
559 views

Although neonicotinoids are targeted at insects, their predominant use as a seed dressing and their long persistence in soils mean that non-target soil organisms such as earthworms are likely to be chronically exposed to them. Chronic exposure may pose risks that...

["Agricultural Science","Ecotoxicology","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3177
144 downloads
684 views

Eutrophic aquatic habitats are characterized by the proliferation of vegetation leading to a large standing biomass that upon decomposition may create hypoxic (low-oxygen) conditions. This is indeed the case in nutrient impacted estuaries of Prince Edward Island,...

["Animal Behaviour","Ecology","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3080

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