Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

20 downloads
146 views

The spotted wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii, is a new pest in Europe and America which causes severe damages, mostly to stone fruit crops. Temperature and humidity are among the most important abiotic factors governing insect development and fitness. In many...

["Ecology","Entomology","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3112
28 downloads
139 views

Eutrophic aquatic habitats are characterized by the proliferation of vegetation leading to a large standing biomass that upon decomposition may create hypoxic (low-oxygen) conditions. This is indeed the case in nutrient impacted estuaries of Prince Edward Island,...

["Animal Behaviour","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3080
42 downloads
234 views

Rare hybridisations between deeply divergent animal species have been reported for decades in a wide range of taxa, but have often remained unexplained, mainly considered chance events and reported as anecdotal. Here, we combine field observations with long-term...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3072
20 downloads
182 views

Increases in ocean temperature due to climate change are predicted to change the behaviors of marine invertebrates. Altered behaviors of keystone ecosystem engineers such as echinoderms will have consequences for the fitness of individuals, which are expected to...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3122
63 downloads
430 views

DNA metabarcoding, the PCR-based profiling of natural communities, is becoming the method of choice for biodiversity monitoring because it circumvents some of the limitations inherent to traditional ecological surveys. However, potential sources of bias that can...

["Ecology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3006
18 downloads
196 views

Insect herbivores help maintain forest diversity through selective predation on seedlings of vulnerable tree species. Although the role of natural enemies has been well-studied in tropical systems, relatively few studies have experimentally manipulated insect abundance...

["Ecology","Entomology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3102
37 downloads
357 views

Video playback is becoming a common method for manipulating social stimuli in experiments. Parid tits are one of the most commonly studied groups of wild birds. However, it is not yet clear if tits respond to video playback or how their behavioural responses should...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3062
50 downloads
379 views

Invasive allergenic plant species may have severe health-related impacts. In this study we aim to predict the effects of climate change on the distribution of three allergenic ragweed species (Ambrosia spp.) in Europe and discuss the potential associated health...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3104
61 downloads
342 views

Background Habituation, a form of non-associative learning, has several well-defined characteristics that apply to a wide range of physiological and behavioral responses in many organisms. In classic patch time allocation models, habituation is considered to be...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3097
45 downloads
259 views

Urbanization is an increasingly pervasive form of land transformation that reduces biodiversity of many taxonomic groups. Beetles exhibit a broad range of responses to urbanization, likely due to the high functional diversity in this order. Carrion beetles (Order:...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3088
47 downloads
295 views

The hypothesis that oxidative damage accumulation can mediate the trade-off between reproduction and lifespan has recently been questioned. However, in captive conditions, studies reporting no evidence in support of this hypothesis have usually provided easy access...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3094
247 downloads
1,334 views

Environmental niche modeling (ENM) is commonly used to develop probabilistic maps of species distribution. Among available ENM techniques, MaxEnt has become one of the most popular tools for modeling species distribution, with hundreds of peer-reviewed articles...

["Biogeography","Computational Biology","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3093
32 downloads
183 views

Background Biological invasions have become a major threat to biodiversity, and identifying determinants underlying success at different stages of the invasion process is essential for both prevention management and testing ecological theories. To investigate variables...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3092
43 downloads
311 views

Background Yeasts are a necessary requisite in the diet of most Drosophila species that, in turn, may vector their dispersal in natural environments. Differential attractiveness experiments and the isolation of yeasts consumed by Drosophila may be informative for...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3063
37 downloads
566 views

Background In Sardinia, as in other regions of the Mediterranean Sea, sustainable fisheries of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus have become a necessity. At harvesting sites, the systematic removal of large individuals (diameter ≥ 50 mm) seriously compromises...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3067

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