Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

The crustacean order Stomatopoda comprises seven superfamilies of mantis shrimps, found in coastal waters of the tropics and subtropics. These marine carnivores bear notable raptorial appendages for smashing or spearing prey. We investigated the evolutionary relationships...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3844
8 downloads
189 views

Background The rapid increase in antibiotic resistance by various bacterial pathogens underlies the significance of developing new therapies and exploring different drug targets. A fraction of bacterial pathogens abbreviated as ESKAPE by the European Center for...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Microbiology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3765
17 downloads
191 views

Background C-X-C chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) has important implications in breast cancer (BC) pathogenesis. It is selectively expressed on B and T lymphocytes and is involved in hematopoiesis, thymocyte trafficking, stem cell motility, neovascularization, and...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genetics","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3822
109 downloads
671 views

Plants play a crucial role in foodstuff, medicine, industry, and environmental protection. The skill of recognising plants is very important in some applications, including conservation of endangered species and rehabilitation of lands after mining activities....

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3792
60 downloads
699 views

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) systems are the adaptive immune systems of bacteria and archaea against viral infection. While CRISPRs have been exploited as a tool for genetic engineering, their spacer sequences can also provide...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Ecology","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3788
48 downloads
215 views

Background The endoplasmic reticulum plays an important role in many cellular processes, which includes protein synthesis, folding and post-translational processing of newly synthesized proteins. It is also the site for quality control of misfolded proteins and...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3561
34 downloads
269 views

Background Heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAA) are environmental and food contaminants that are potentially carcinogenic for humans. 2-Amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx) is one of the most abundant HAA formed in cooked meat. MeIQx is metabolized...

["Computational Biology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3703
49 downloads
318 views

Background Indigenous populations of the circumpolar Arctic are considered to be endemically infected (>2% prevalence) with hepatitis B virus (HBV), with subgenotype B5 (formerly B6) unique to these populations. The distinctive properties of HBV/B5, including high...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Virology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3757
67 downloads
639 views

Gene Co-expression Network Analysis (GCNA) is a popular approach to analyze a collection of gene expression profiles. GCNA yields an assignment of genes to gene co-expression modules, a list of gene sets statistically over-represented in these modules, and a gene-to-gene...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genomics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3678
62 downloads
280 views

Considering complicated microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis and action mechanisms, it was thought so high energy-consuming for a cell to afford simultaneous over-expression of many miRNAs. Thus it prompts that an alternative miRNA regulation pattern on protein-encoding...

["Bioinformatics","Cell Biology","Computational Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3682
102 downloads
1,106 views

It has recently become possible to experimentally measure the effects of all amino-acid point mutations to proteins using deep mutational scanning. These experimental measurements can inform site-specific phylogenetic substitution models of gene evolution in nature....

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3657
82 downloads
372 views

Introduction Different types of headaches and TMJ click influence the masseter muscle activity. The aim of this study was to assess the trend of energy level of the electromyography (EMG) activity of the masseter muscle during open-close clench cycles in migraine...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Evidence Based Medicine","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3556
76 downloads
764 views

Newly emerging influenza viruses continue to threaten public health. A rapid determination of the host range of newly discovered influenza viruses would assist in early assessment of their risk. Here, we attempted to predict the host of influenza viruses using...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3579
99 downloads
383 views

The skyline plot is a graphical representation of historical effective population sizes as a function of time. Past population sizes for these plots are estimated from genetic data, without a priori assumptions on the mathematical function defining the shape of...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3530
70 downloads
398 views

Gastric cancer (GC) is a complex disease with heterogeneous genetic mechanisms. Genomic mutational profiling of gastric cancer not only expands our knowledge about cancer progression at a fundamental genetic level, but also could provide guidance on new treatment...

["Computational Biology","Genomics","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3585

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